Graham Douglas Leonard KCVO (8 May 1921 – 6 January 2010) was an English Roman Catholic priest and former Anglican bishop. His principal ministry was as a bishop of the Church of England but, after his retirement as the Bishop of London, he became a Roman Catholic, becoming the most senior Anglican cleric to do so since the English Reformation. He was conditionally ordained to the priesthood in the Roman Catholic Church and was later appointed a monsignor by Pope John Paul II.
Born on 8 May 1921, he was the son of Douglas Leonard, an Anglican priest, and his wife, Emily Leonard (née Cheshire). Graham Leonard was educated at Monkton Combe School near Bath and at Balliol College, Oxford. During the Second World War he was commissioned into the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, rising to the rank of captain. He spent the latter part of the war attached to the Army Operational Research Group for the Ministry of Supply. He then attended Westcott House theological college in Cambridge. He was ordained as a deacon in 1947 and as a priest the following year.
Leonard was a curate in St Ives, Huntingdonshire and at Stansted, Essex. He then spent three years as vicar of Ardleigh, Essex. In 1957 he became a residentiary canon of St Albans Cathedral and the diocesan director of religious education. His long association with the Diocese of London began in 1962 when, before becoming the Bishop of Willesden (a suffragan bishopric in the diocese) in 1964, he was appointed as Archdeacon of Hampstead and as rector of St Andrew Undershaft with St Mary Axe in the City of London.
Leonard had three episcopal positions in the Church of England, firstly as the suffragan Bishop of Willesden in the Diocese of London and later as the diocesan Bishop of Truro (1973 to 1981) and the Bishop of London (1981 to 1991). During this last period he was also Dean of the Chapel Royal, a Royal Household office, for which he was appointed Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO). He was also Prelate of the Order of the British Empire.
Ordination in the Roman Catholic Church
As the Bishop of London, Leonard had been admired for his pastoral concern for female staff at Church House and had a considerable number of female workers in parishes in his diocese. He was notable for ordaining 71 women as deacons at St Paul's Cathedral on 22 March 1987, but he remained an outspoken critic of moves to ordain women to the priesthood within the Anglican Communion. After his retirement Leonard eventually left the Church of England to become a Roman Catholic. On 23 April 1994 he was conditionally ordained as a priest (but not as a bishop) in the Roman Catholic Church. Although the Roman Catholic Church does not recognise the validity of Anglican ordinations, Leonard's ordination was conditional due to there being "prudent doubt" about his previous ordination in the Church of England, because at Leonard's own consecration in 1964 a bishop of an Old Catholic church of the Union of Utrecht (whose own ordination as a bishop was recognised as valid by the Roman Catholic Church) was among the bishops who consecrated him. This eased his reception into the Roman Catholic Church, although his claim that he was legitimately a bishop and his request for a personal prelature were rejected.
Leonard stated that he was not first ordained a deacon in the Roman Catholic Church and that Pope John Paul II's personal instruction was that he should be ordained immediately to the priesthood sub conditione. He was later appointed a papal chaplain with the title Monsignor and then a prelate of honour by the Pope on 3 August 2000.
Leonard was the brother-in-law to the late academic Michael Swann (Lord Swann of Coln St Denys) and Hugh Swann, cabinet maker to Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, having married their sister, Priscilla Swann, in 1943. He and his wife had two sons.
National Portrait Gallery
- Debrett's – The Church of England: General Notes
- Bishop of London who became the most senior Anglican defector to Rome since the Reformation, obituary in the Daily Telegraph, issue number 48,085 dated 7 January 2010, p. 31
- Who's Who, 1987, page 1071
- "No. 43432". The London Gazette. 11 September 1964. p. 7670.
- "No. 46071". The London Gazette. 7 September 1973. p. 10695.
- "No. 48758". The London Gazette. 7 October 1981. p. 12687.
- "No. 48628". The London Gazette. 2 June 1981. p. 7523.
- "No. 52534". The London Gazette. 16 May 1991. p. 7593.
- "No. 48686". The London Gazette. 21 July 1981. p. 9605.
- "No. 52525". The London Gazette. 7 May 1991. p. 7063.
- "No. 48697". The London Gazette. 4 August 1981. p. 10105.
- Alan Webster, Monsignor Graham Leinard obituary, in: Guardian.co.uk, 6 January 2010
- "Statement of Cardinal Hume on the Ordination of Anglican Bishop Leonard as a Roman Catholic Priest". The Catholic Resource Network. Trinity Communications. 1994. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- Christopher Ralls, Mgr Graham Leonard. Obituary, In The Tablet: The International Catholic Weekly, 16 January 2010, p. 37
- "The Rt Rev Mgr Graham Leonard". The Telegraph. London. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
- National Portrait Gallery Graham Douglas Leonard
- Former Anglican Bishop of London explains why he became a Catholic
- Bishops of Truro photo gallery
- Mgr Graham Leonard – Daily Telegraph obituary
- Monsignor Graham Leonard - Guardian obituary
|Church of England titles|
|Bishop of Willesden
|Bishop of Truro
|Bishop of London