Murder of Leanne Holland
Leanne Sarah Holland (born 1 October 1978) was an Australian girl from Goodna, Queensland, who was murdered in September 1991, when she was 12 years old. Her mutilated body was found in nearby Redbank Plains, three days after she was reported missing. Graham Stafford, her sister's live-in boyfriend, was convicted of her murder. Stafford had his conviction quashed as a miscarriage of justice after serving 14 years in prison.
Disappearance and murder
Leanne Holland, the youngest of three siblings, lived with her divorced father in Alice Street, Goodna. Holland's sister and her boyfriend (a British-born sheet-metal worker named Graham Stuart Stafford (born May 1963), who had emigrated to the Sunshine Coast with his family in 1969) were also living in the same house since June 1991.
On 23 September 1991, the first day of the school holidays, at around 9:30 am, Holland (who was alone in the house with Stafford) left to walk to the hairdressers at the nearby shops. She was reported missing to police at 5:45 pm the next day after her family assumed she had spent the night with friends. Authorities were concerned, given other recent nearby disappearances, namely that of Sharron Phillips in May 1986 and Julie-Anne Gallon in August 1990.
Three days after last being seen, at 1:42 pm, her partly unclothed and shoeless body was found in bushland on Redbank Plains Road by two police searching the area on trail bikes. She had been killed with at least ten blows to the head from a blunt instrument, and there were burn marks on her lower body, possibly from a lighter or cigarette. There were no obvious signs of sexual assault and the injuries were so severe, the body had to be identified by its fingerprints.
Stafford’s conviction and appeals
On 28 September, based on circumstantial and forensic evidence from the house, his vehicle, and the crime scene, Stafford was arrested and charged with her murder. The case was prosecuted by David Bullock, and he was convicted on 25 March 1992 of killing Holland with a hammer, and sentenced to 15 years to life in prison. Stafford's appeal in August 1992 to the Queensland Court of Appeal was dismissed by justices Geoffrey Davies, Bruce McPherson and James Thomas. His application for special leave to appeal to the High Court was refused on 4 March 1993.
Stafford sought a pardon and, in June 1997, the Attorney-General referred the case to the Court of Appeal, to be determined as if it was an appeal by a person convicted. In September, justices Davies and McPherson dismissed the appeal, but justice Tony Fitzgerald dissented, finding that the jury convicted Stafford on the basis of evidence which presented a significantly mistaken version of events and that a new trial was warranted. Stafford's application for special leave to appeal to the High Court was refused on 17 April 1998.
Paul Wilson, chair of the Department of Criminology at Bond University, headed a pro bono team of lawyers making appeals on Stafford's behalf. Graeme Crowley, a private investigator and former police officer, led an investigation into the murder. Investigation revealed a possible sighting of Holland alive the day after Stafford said that he last saw her, other unsolved murders in the neighborhood, and two potential suspects not interviewed by police (one of them, a schizophrenic resident of a caravan park near the shopping centre, Sean Peter McPhedran (18), who was later found guilty of murdering another 12-year-old schoolgirl, Julie-Ann Lowe, on 16 October 1991). The DNA expert who had testified at the trial, Angela van Daal, also provided a statement that she believed the blood evidence inadequate for a conviction. With Wilson, Crowley published Who Killed Leanne? in 2005, and the investigation was featured on the ABC network series Australian Story in August 2007.
In June 2006, after serving more than 14 years, aged 43, Stafford was released on parole and faced a deportation hearing soon after. In April 2008, he again petitioned for a pardon and the Attorney-General again referred it to the Court of Appeal, making it the first case in which the court was to hear a third appeal. On 24 December 2009, the Queensland Court of Appeal overturned his conviction and recommended that a new trial be held. In separate decisions, justices Patrick Keane, Catherine Holmes and Hugh Fraser held that Stafford had been denied a fair trial. Keane and Fraser ordered a retrial but Holmes dissented on the basis Stafford should have been acquitted. On 26 March 2010, the Director of Public Prosecutions decided that a retrial would not be in the public interest.
A subsequent 2-year long police review of the case was completed in November 2012 but has not been made public although Channel 7's Murder Uncovered did unofficially obtain a copy, parts of which were briefly shown to Stafford and his lawyers in March 2017. In September 2019, an ongoing request by Stafford for access to the report was challenged by Queensland police.
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode 2: Leanne Disappears". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- Crowley, Graeme; Wilson, Paul (2010). Who Killed Leanne Holland?: One Girl's Murder and One Man's Injustice. New Holland Publishers (AU). ISBN 978-1-921655-61-6.
- "Body identified". The Canberra Times. 28 September 1991. p. 4.
- Tony Moore (25 December 2009). "Murder conviction quashed - what the appeal judges said". Brisbane Times.
- Frank Robson (15 November 2010). "Rough justice". Brisbane Times.
- Darren Cartwright (9 March 2017). "Leanne Holland: One of Queensland's enduring murder mysteries". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Australian Associated Press.
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode 1: All About Leanne". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode 3: The Evidence". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Man appears on murder charge". The Canberra Times. 1 October 1991. p. 4.
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode 6: Life After Murder". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- R v Stafford  QCA 269 (25 August 1992), Court of Appeal (Qld, Australia).
- R v Stafford  QCA 407 (24 December 2009), Court of Appeal (Qld, Australia).
- R v Stafford; ex parte A-G  QCA 333 (23 September 1997), Court of Appeal (Qld, Australia).
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode5: An Alternate Killer. The Trials". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Rough justice". Brisbane Times. 14 November 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- Darrell Giles (18 August 2007). "Leanne Holland murder clues ignored". The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010.
- Darrell Giles (26 August 2007). "Review of Leanne killing". The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011.
- "Body of Evidence, Part 1". ABC Television. 20 August 2007. "Body of Evidence, Part 2". ABC Television. 27 August 2007.
- Darrell Giles (11 November 2006). "Stafford faces deportation". The Sunday Mail. Brisbane. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011.
- "Australian Story: The Night Before Christmas". ABC Television. 29 March 2010.
- Queensland Police Media (18 December 2012). "Review of the Leanne Holland murder investigation". Queensland Police News. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode 8: The Police Review". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
- "Little Girl Lost: The Unsolved Murder of Leanne Holland: Episode 9: Revelations". Apple Podcasts. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- "Leanne Holland case: Police launch action to block access to confidential report". 7NEWS.com.au. 26 June 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- Graeme Crowley; Paul Wilson (2005). Who Killed Leanne? An Investigation into a Murder and Miscarriage of Justice. Burleigh, Queensland: Zeus. ISBN 9781921005473.
- Graeme Crowley; Paul Wilson (2010) . Who Killed Leanne Holland? One Girl's Murder and One Man's Injustice (revised ed.). Chatswood, New South Wales: New Holland. ISBN 9781742570228.
- Who Killed Leanne Holland? Greg Cary talks to Paul Wilson & Graeme Crowley (radio interview). Brisbane: 4BC. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Dylan Wiltermuth (2007). "The Law Around a Miscarriage of Justice in Queensland". Bond University Student Law Review. 3 (1).
- Graeme Crowley. Who Killed Leanne Holland