Graham cracker

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"Graham crackers" redirects here. For the 1997 Graham Chapman book, see Graham Crackers.
Graham cracker
Graham-Cracker-Stack.jpg
Modern graham crackers
Alternative names Graham wafer
Type Cookie
Place of origin New Jersey, United States
Creator Sylvester Graham
Main ingredients Graham flour
Cookbook: Graham cracker  Media: Graham cracker

The graham cracker (/ˈɡræm/; also graham wafer) was invented in 1829 in Bound Brook, New Jersey, by Presbyterian minister Sylvester Graham. The original graham cracker was made with graham flour; a combination of finely-ground unbleached-wheat flour with the wheat bran and germ coarsely-ground and added back in providing flavor. While graham crackers started out as a mild food, unsweetened or mildly sweetened, they are more commonly known as a sugar- or honey-sweetened baked good similar to a cookie.

History[edit]

The graham cracker was originally conceived of as a health food as part of the Graham Diet, a regimen to suppress what Reverend Graham considered unhealthy carnal urges, the source of many maladies according to Graham. Reverend Graham would often lecture on "self-abuse", as masturbation was commonly called at the time. Graham would often say how these experiences were inspired by children eating crackers.[1] One of his many theories was that one could curb one's sexual appetite by eating bland foods. Another man who held this belief was John Harvey Kellogg, the inventor of the corn flakes cereal.[2]

S'mores[edit]

Main article: S'more

Graham crackers, along with marshmallows (roasted or unroasted) and milk chocolate bars, are used to make a simple dessert or treat that has come to be called "s'mores" (a contraction of the end of the phrase "give me some more") in North America.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tompkins, K. W. (2009). "Sylvester Graham's Imperial Dietetics". Gastronomica 9: 50–60. doi:10.1525/gfc.2009.9.1.50. 
  2. ^ Money, J. (1982). "Sex, Diet, and Debility in Jacksonian America: Sylvester Graham and Health Reform". The Journal of Sex Research 18 (2): 181–182. doi:10.2307/3812085. 

External links[edit]