Grainger Engineering Library
|Established||October 14, 1994|
|Location||1301 West Springfield Avenue,
Urbana, Illinois 61801
|Director||King Jeffrey Bishop|
The Grainger Engineering Library is a library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign College of Engineering dedicated to all disciplines of engineering at the University. It is situated on the north side of the Bardeen Quad on the engineering campus along Springfield Avenue. The Grainger Engineering Library is the largest library in the United States dedicated to the study of engineering.
The Grainger Engineering Library Information Center has been called “the model for all future academic technical libraries.” This project was made possible by a man named William Wallace Grainger, a University of Illinois electrical engineering graduate, class of 1919. He made his riches by launching a small mail-order electrical supplies and components business that eventually grew into a Fortune 500 industrial supply company named after himself, W. W. Grainger. William Grainger felt a professional commitment to make technology accessible to everyone and it was in that same spirit that his son David donated over 18 million dollars to fund the construction of the Grainger Engineering Library Information Center. In recognition to his contribution, a brass relief of Grainger was placed in the first floor lobby of the library.
The Grainger Engineering Library was dedicated on the 59th anniversary of the University of Illinois Foundation, October 14, 1994. The dedication proceedings, entitled a “Gateway to a New Era”, established the largest engineering library in the country, with over 92,000 square feet (8,500 m2) holding more than 300,000 volumes. In keeping with the building’s cutting edge technical advancements, the ribbon cutting ceremony was a purely digital affair. President Stanley Ikenberry, Chancellor Michael Aiken, and David Grainger, representing his father, William Wallace Grainger, pressed assigned areas on a computer touch screen to change a computerized red ribbon into a visual explosion of fireworks. In 1995 Grainger library took home the prize of “Project of the Year” as awarded by the Illinois Engineering Council. It also received the decoration of “Excellence in Masonry Design, Honorable Mention Award” from the Illinois/Indiana Masonry Council in 1996. It is widely accepted as one of the most technologically advanced information management centers in the nation with as many as 1,000 available computer hookups, at nearly every table, carrel, and desk.
The Grainger Library contains five different levels with the center area and a west area and east area. On the first floor center area there is the south main entrance, the north entrance, the main circulation desk, a computer area, a printing station, and in the fall of 2015, a coffee shop behind the elevators. The west area of the first floor contains quiet study spaces with desks for multiple people to work together, and the east area is mostly administration offices.
The second and third floors entirely quiet floors. On the second and third floor, the center area contains a two-story Main Reading Gallery, which can seat 1,254 people. The west and east area both have two sections, a one story area on each floor and two story reading galleries at the ends which can each accommodate approximately 100 people. The galleries are also used for special events and dinners. Books are mostly located on the third floor west and east areas, with some on the second floor east area. The second floor west area is mostly dedicated to study carrels.
The fourth floor contains the Center for Academic Resources in Engineering (CARE), which has tutors and exam study sessions for students to use. The east part of the center area contains a EWS (Engineering Workstation) computer lab with Windows based computers, while the west part has collaboration tables and frosted glass that act as whiteboards. There are two large rooms dedicated to exam study sessions and are facilitated with tutors. The west area contains more collaboration tables and is surrounded with group study rooms which students can reserve online in advance. The east area is a quiet study carrel area.
The basement of Grainger is a quiet floor with large tables in the center area and west area. The east area contains another EWS computer lab staffed by a EWS IT employee and contains both Windows and Linux machines.
In addition, the facility contains three large seminar rooms (seating around 50 people) and four smaller conference rooms. When it opened, the building had 60 networked computers, 100 terminals, 7 information kiosks, and 6 servers. The building offers group study rooms, individual study carrels, faculty and scholar studies and conference rooms. In fact, it was so technically advanced that the furniture had to be custom designed because no one had ever had data and power connected to every seat on this scale before.
Computing and Technologies
The Grainger Engineering Library Information Center provides state-of-the-art computing and information technologies to assist students in research and instruction and to provide patrons access to information resources both held locally and available. The computing facilities include:
- Three computer and multi-media labs with over 100 high-end engineering workstations, which are used for CAD, numerical analysis and modeling, and software development.
- A digital imaging lab housing the Digital Library Initiative Projects, which provides access to 62,000 full-text journal articles; an information retrieval laboratory for visitors and researchers utilizing Grainger and campus resources.
- Two instructional services labs, which serve as high-tech classrooms for information literacy instruction and presentations.
In addition, public-use terminals have been placed throughout the building that provide access to a statewide online catalog, Compendex, INSPEC, Aerospace Database, National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 1,000 full-text journals, and a wealth of local information resources. With more than 1.5 million people using the building in 2000, it is currently the second most visited study area on campus, second only to the Illini Union. The Grainger Engineering Library Information Center is dedicated to providing tools to assist people in their pursuit of knowledge and to serve as a showcase for the applications of information technologies.
Social and Financial Resources
A big social resource that drove this project was the need for a new library for the engineering department. The college of engineering had almost 5000 students but the current library only had 120 seats and could only house 50,000 books. Grainger Engineering Library was a major improvement over the previous library. The Grainger Engineering Library Information Center opened to the public in March 1994. A $34 million multifunctional facility, Grainger Engineering Library was primarily funded by a gift of $18.7 million from the Grainger Foundation Inc., which is headquartered in Skokie, Illinois. An additional $11 million of State and gift funds was expended on the project for the rerouting of steam, electrical, and telecommunications lines, the demolition of several buildings, and the construction of the new Engineering Quad (which had been under consideration since at least 1926).
Safety and Precautionary Steps
In building the library, the Construction Management and Design Team were asked to make estimates of the construction costs, the schedule of the project and the environmental impact on the surrounding areas. The environmental factors include, but were not limited to noise, dust, water and debris control. In addition, contractors needed to control the amount of pollution they were ejecting into the atmosphere. For that matter, the amount of dust and debris produced were controlled by requiring the contractors to provide proper dust control materials. The noise and dust risks were minimized through the use of muffled hammers and exhausts. The contractors were also required to control the surface water in order to minimize damage to the project and adjacent buildings. They needed to provide and operate hydraulic equipment of adequate capacity to control the surface water.
Issues Affecting the Cost and Schedule
The construction of the library was interrupted when the university experienced a flood. The project was on track and two months away from completion when the flood brought 7 to 8 feet (2.4 m) of water into the basement. The water flushed through the steam tunnels and eventually made its way to Grainger’s basement. There was worry that the water's weight could have strained the building structural integrity but since the stress was spread so evenly, the building was not critically damaged. Nevertheless the basement had to be redone and the project was delayed 3 months.
Also, the initial plan in the construction of Grainger did not include a north entrance. It was deemed as an expensive plan to have a second entrance because of the security risk. In addition to metal detectors and such, both doors must be worked during operating hours of the library. Even so, due to the number of request from faculties and students coming in from the north side, a second entrance was built. Due to the above issues, the project was over budget and was behind schedule by approximately two months.
There were 3 University clients involved: Capital Programs, Operation and Maintenance, and the Engineering school. The project was done with a construction manager, P.K. DeMars. In addition, there were 28 subcontractor contracts (not including the 20 or so for furniture). Some consultants hired on the project were an acoustician and a lighting specialist.
- Architect: Woollen, Molzan and Partners
- Structural Engineer: Lemessurier Consultants
- Mechanical – Electrical Engineer: Henneman, Raufeisen & Associates
- University's Project Manager: Tim Kerestes
- Lighting Specialist: Bill Lam
- "Building Information and Graphical Map". C. Jonathan Clark of Office for Planning, Design & Construction.
- Schlembach, Mary. Assistant Engineering Librarian. Personal interview. 24 October 2007.
- "Grainger Engineering Library Photographs & Floorplans". University of Illinois.
- "University of Illinois:Campus Tour". Kalev Leetaru.
- "General Information & Services". University of Illinois.
- "Building Information". William H. Mischo, Director of Grainger Engineering Library.
- "Grainger Engineering Library Information Center". UI Histories Project by Kalev Leetaru.
- Schlembach, Mary.