Grainola, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Grainola, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Grainola, Oklahoma
Location of Grainola, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°56′18″N 96°39′2″W / 36.93833°N 96.65056°W / 36.93833; -96.65056Coordinates: 36°56′18″N 96°39′2″W / 36.93833°N 96.65056°W / 36.93833; -96.65056
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Osage
Area
 • Total 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,201 ft (366 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 31
 • Density 130.2/sq mi (50.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 40-30750[1]
GNIS feature ID 1093295[2]

Grainola is a town in northwest Osage County, Oklahoma in the United States. The population was 31 at the 2010 census, unchanged from the 2000 census.[3] The main industry of the area is cattle ranching. The town name was invented in March 1910.[4]

History[edit]

Grainola was originally named Salt Creek for a nearby tributary of the Arkansas River. The Salt Creek post office opened in November 1906, and the townsite was officially organized in 1909. The name was changed to Grainola in March 1910. The town supported nearby farmers and cattle ranchers, but has experienced a prolonged decline since 1920, when it had an estimated population of 500.[4]

Geography[edit]

Grainola is located at 36°56′18″N 96°39′2″W / 36.93833°N 96.65056°W / 36.93833; -96.65056 (36.938394, -96.650517).[5] It is 11 miles (18 km) north of Shidler, Oklahoma (the nearest post office) and 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Pawhuska.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 197
1940 157 −20.3%
1950 79 −49.7%
1960 67 −15.2%
1970 66 −1.5%
1980 67 1.5%
1990 58 −13.4%
2000 31 −46.6%
2010 31 0.0%
Est. 2015 31 [6] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 31 people, 15 households, and 10 families residing in the town. The population density was 130.2 people per square mile (49.9/km²). There were 22 housing units at an average density of 92.4 per square mile (35.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 61.29% White, 32.26% Native American, and 6.45% from two or more races.

There were 15 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 33.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.36.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 16.1% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 29.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $43,750 versus $10,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,065. There were 25.0% of families and 22.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 50.0% of under eighteens and 28.6% of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ MuiNet Guide: Grainola, Oklahoma Archived 2012-10-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b c Jon D. May, "Grainola." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]