Gram (mythology)

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"Balmung" redirects here. For the character from the ".hack" franchise, see Balmung (.hack).
Sigmund's Sword
Johannes Gehrts (1889)
Sigurd proofs the sword Gram Johannes Gehrts (1901)

In Norse mythology, Gram, (Old Norse Gramr, meaning Wrath)[1] is the sword that Sigurd used to kill the dragon Fafnir.[2]


Gram was forged by Volund; Sigmund received it in the hall of the Völsung after pulling it out of the tree Barnstokkr where Odin placed it. The sword was destroyed in battle when Sigmund struck the spear of an enemy dressed in a black hooded cloak. Before he died, Sigmund instructed his wife to keep the pieces so that it might be reforged for their unborn son (Sigurd). The sword was eventually reforged by Regin for Sigurd's use. After it was reforged, it could cleave an anvil in half.

In the Nibelungenlied (ca. 13th century), Siegfried says that the name of this sword is Balmung; in Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle (1848–1874), it is called Nothung. The name of the sword seemingly changes depending on the story that you consider.

Gram is also depicted on several of the Sigurd stones.


  1. ^ Orchard, Andy (1997). Dictionary of Norse Myth and Legend. Cassell. pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-304-34520-2. 
  2. ^ Sigurd—ein Held des Mittelalters (Edgar Haimerl)