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Gramadevata (Sanskrit: ग्रामदेवता; "Village deity") is a Sanskrit term for the presiding deity or guardian deity (patron deity) in Hindu villages, towns and cities. It is derived from the words grāma “village” and devatā “deity”. Traditionally Kal Bhairav, a fierce form of Lord Shiva is the Gramadevata in the rural villages of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, where he is referred to as Vairavar.
Examples of Gramadevata
- Kasba Ganapati is the Gramadevata of the city of Pune.
- Brahmnath is the Gramadevata of the village Beed Khurd.
- Nookalamma is the Gramadevata of Anakapalle city.
- Dharmathakur is Gramdevata in many villages in the Rarh region of West Bengal.
- Village deities of Tamils of Sri Lanka
- Village deities of Tamil Nadu
- Syed Siraj Ul Hassan (1920). The Castes and Tribes of H.E.H. the Nizam's Dominions, Vol. 1. Asian Educational Services. p. 482. ISBN 8120604881.
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