Gramado

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Gramado
Municipality of Gramado
Top left:Panoramic view of Gramado, Top right:Gramado Matriz São Pedro Church, Middle left:Mini Mundo (Little World Park), Middle right:Central area, Bottom left:Joaquina Bier Lake, Bottom right:Negro Lake
Top left:Panoramic view of Gramado, Top right:Gramado Matriz São Pedro Church, Middle left:Mini Mundo (Little World Park), Middle right:Central area, Bottom left:Joaquina Bier Lake, Bottom right:Negro Lake
Flag of Gramado
Official seal of Gramado
Nickname(s): 
Hydrangeas' Garden
Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. Gramado is highlighted with red.
Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. Gramado is highlighted with red.
Coordinates: 29°24′17″S 50°52′35″W / 29.40472°S 50.87639°W / -29.40472; -50.87639
Country Brazil
RegionSouth
State Rio Grande do Sul
IncorporatedDecember 15, 1954
Government
 • MayorNestor Tissot
Area
 • Total237 km2 (92 sq mi)
Elevation
850 m (2,790 ft)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total36,555
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Gramadense
Time zoneUTC-3
HDI (2010)0.764 – high[3]
Websitegramado.rs.gov.br

Gramado is a small tourist city, southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of Nova Petrópolis in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the Serra Gaúcha region. The city was originally settled by Azorean descendants and later received a contingent of German and Italian immigrants. Gramado is one of the cities along the scenic route known as Rota Romântica (Romantic Route).

History[edit]

Gramado was originally settled in 1875 by Portuguese immigrants. Five years later, the first German immigrants arrived and these were followed shortly after by Italian immigrants from the Italian settlements in Caxias do Sul.

In 1913, the city seat was moved to Linha Nova, the location of the present-day city center. At this time, Gramado was an unincorporated city within the city of Taquara. A railway, brought by Gramado's founder and first administrator, José Nicoletti Filho, arrived in the city in 1921, boosting the local economy. Gramado officially became a city in 1937, when Gramado was already known as a summer holiday resort. Gramado became a city on December 15, 1954 by force of State Act 2,522.[4]

Politics and Government[edit]

Gramado Government is in a strong mayor-council government model, as set forth by the Brazilian Constitution of 1988. Elections for both mayoral and legislative offices are held every fourth year. The Mayor may seek reelection once, while Councilmen have no restriction on terms they may serve.

Executive Branch[edit]

Executive powers are held by the Mayor of Gramado, who appoints a Cabinet, the heads of several municipal bodies and members of the Planning Commission. The current Mayor is Nestor Tissot[5] (PP) elected in 2008. The current Deputy Mayor is Luia Barbacovi.[6] In the election of 2016 the opposition candidate won, thereby Fedoca Bertolucci takes the City Hall on January 1, 2017.

Geography[edit]

Lago Negro (Black Lake)
St. Peter Church

Open spaces[edit]

Gramado has several green areas. Among the most important are Black Lake, Communications Square, Knorr Park, Orchard Park, Major Nicoletti Square and Roses Square.

Lago Negro[edit]

Downtown Gramado

Lago Negro (Black Lake) is the most known, visited green area of Gramado. It was created[7] in 1953 by Leopoldo Rosenfeld on an area containing a large concentration of hydrangeas, hence the name the Hydrangeas' Region. It was named Black Lake because Rosenfeld imported the trees surrounding the lake from Germany's Black Forest.<https://gramadoinesquecivel.tur.br/en/what-to-do/lagos-14/lago-negro-12> This area had been destroyed by fire in 1942.

A creek was dammed up to create[8] a U-shaped lake. Rosenfeld imported pine seedlings from the Black Forest in Germany to be planted all around the newly formed lake's rim.

Lago Negro is a 1.6 kilometers away from the Town Hall. There is a boathouse, working daily from 08:30 to 19:00, where you can rent swan boats to tour the lake, concession stands, public restrooms, and a small craftsmen fair nearby.

The city is in a mountain range, averaging 850 meters above sea level. Visitors from the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes may notice several tree species (including Red Maple, American Sweetgum and American Tuliptree) common to their home territory in cultivation here, flourishing among the native Parana Pine. Hydrangeas blossom in late spring.

Climate[edit]

The climate is maritime temperate with mild summer (Cfb, according to the Köppen climate classification). The summers are not usually hot, with temperatures around 22 °C (72 °F). There are some hotter days, but with always pleasant evenings, moderated by mountain air and forests. Winters are cool, with temperatures sometimes falling below 0 °C (32 °F), heavy frosts and occasional snowfall.

Gramado
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
168
 
 
26
16
 
 
168
 
 
25
15
 
 
184
 
 
23
14
 
 
152
 
 
20
11
 
 
143
 
 
18
9
 
 
175
 
 
17
8
 
 
163
 
 
17
8
 
 
170
 
 
18
8
 
 
197
 
 
19
10
 
 
177
 
 
21
11
 
 
136
 
 
23
13
 
 
163
 
 
23
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [9]
Climate data for Gramado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.9
(73.2)
19.9
(67.8)
17.6
(63.7)
16.7
(62.1)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
19.3
(66.7)
21.4
(70.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
20.8
(69.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
20.1
(68.2)
18.2
(64.8)
15.4
(59.7)
13.1
(55.6)
12.2
(54.0)
12.2
(54.0)
13.2
(55.8)
14.4
(57.9)
16.4
(61.5)
18.2
(64.8)
18.1
(64.6)
16.0
(60.9)
Average low °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
15.4
(59.7)
13.6
(56.5)
10.9
(51.6)
8.7
(47.7)
7.7
(45.9)
7.5
(45.5)
8.4
(47.1)
9.6
(49.3)
11.4
(52.5)
13.0
(55.4)
13.1
(55.6)
11.3
(52.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 168
(6.6)
168
(6.6)
184
(7.2)
152
(6.0)
143
(5.6)
175
(6.9)
163
(6.4)
170
(6.7)
197
(7.8)
177
(7.0)
136
(5.4)
163
(6.4)
1,996
(78.6)
Source: [9]

Culture and tourism[edit]

Minimundo Park.
Entrance of Gramado.

Gramado is served by Canela Airport, located in the municipality of Canela, 8 km away.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Gramado is twinned with:[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Gramado." RESUMO ESTATÍSTICO RS - Municípios. Fundação de Economia e Estatística. 9 Sep 2006 <http://www.fee.rs.gov.br/sitefee/pt/content/resumo/pg_municipios_detalhe.php?municipio=Gramado>.
  2. ^ IBGE 2020
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Lei Nº 2.522, de 15 de Dezembro de 1954." Estado do Rio Grande do Sul - Assembleia Legislativa. 1 May 2009 <http://www.al.rs.gov.br/legiscomp/arquivo.asp?Rotulo=Lei%20nº%202522&idNorma=585&tipo=pdf>.
  5. ^ "Prefeitura de Gramado - O Prefeito." Prefeitura de Gramado. Prefeitura Municipal de Gramado. 1 May 2009 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/index.php/Gabinete-do-Prefeito/O-Prefeito.html Archived 20 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine>.
  6. ^ Prefeitura de Gramado - "O Vice-Prefeito." Prefeitura de Gramado. Prefeitura Municipal de Gramado. 1 May 2009 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/index.php/Gabinete-do-Prefeito/O-Vice-Prefeito.html Archived 20 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine>.
  7. ^ "Gramado." BrasilViagem.com. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://www.brasilviagem.com/pontur/?CodAtr=3128 Archived 16 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine>.
  8. ^ Barbosa, Eliane. "Pousadas de Gramado." Jornal da Cidade 21 July 2005. 15 Sept. 2006 <https://jcnet.uol.com.br/cadernos/detalhe_turismo.php?codigo=54780[permanent dead link].
  9. ^ a b Climate Data
  10. ^ "Irmandades de Gramado". gramado.rs.leg.br (in Portuguese). Gramado. Retrieved 18 November 2020.

External links[edit]

Government Websites

Maps

Media Outlets

Touristic Websites

Official Events Websites

Coordinates: 29°24′S 50°52′W / 29.400°S 50.867°W / -29.400; -50.867