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Gramimond ("grim") is the warhorse of Valdabrun, one of the Saracens in the French epic, The Song of Roland.[1] Gramimond is introduced in laisse 118 of the poem and is destroyed along with its rider by Roland.


  1. ^ Sayers, Dorothy L., translator (1957). The Song of Roland. Hammondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books. p. 38. ISBN 0-14-044075-5.