List of graminoids of Soldiers Delight

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The Graminoids of Soldiers Delight Natural Environmental Area, located in western Baltimore County, Maryland.[1] Graminoids, within the order of Poales, include: grasses (Poaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), and cattails (Typhaceae). [2]

Introduction[edit]

Much of the area of the Soldiers Delight NEA, which totals 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) of protected land, contains a serpentine barren that contains a number of rare and endangered species of plants.[3]

The Graminoids list was developed using the following publications, with authors' acronyms indicated:
[F] Fleming et al. 1995, [M] Monteferrante 1973, [R] Reed 1984, [We] Wennerstrom 1995, and the unpublished data by [Wo] Worthley 1955-1985.

List of Graminoids of the Soldiers Delight Natural Environmental Area[edit]

Division Magnoliophyta; Class LiliopsidaMonocotyledons; Order Poales.

Families[edit]

Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)[edit]

  • Bulbostylis capillaris (L.) C.B. Clarke - Thread-leaf Beak-sedge[Wo]
  • Carex bicknellii Britt. - Bicknell's Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex bullata Schkuhr - Button Sedge [M, R]
  • Carex caroliniana Schwein. - Carolina Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex cephalophora Muhl. - Oval-headed Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex complanata Torr. & Hook. - Hirsute Sedge [M, R, Wo]
  • Carex convoluta Mackenzie? - [R]
  • Carex flaccosperma Dewey - Thin-fruited Sedge [R, Wo]
  • Carex hystericina Muhl. - Porcupine Sedge, Bottlebrush Sedge [R] {G5, S1, E}
  • Carex lupulina Muhl. - Hop Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex lurida Wahl. - Lurid Sedge, Sallow Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex nigromarginata Schwein. - Black-edge Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex pensylvanica Lam. - Pennsylvania Sedge [R, Wo]
  • Carex richardsonii R. Br. - Richardson's Sedge {G4, S1, E}
  • Carex rosea Schkuhr - Rosy Sedge, Stellate Sedge, Curly-Styled Wood Sedge [M, R]
  • Carex seorsa E.C. Howe - Weak Stellate Sedge [R]
  • Carex swanii (Fern.) Mackenzie - Swan's Sedge, Downy Green Sedge [Wo]
  • Carex umbellata Schk. - Parasol Sedge, Early Oak Sedge [R]
  • Cyperus esculentus L. - Yellow nutsedge [Wo]
  • Cyperus strigosus L.- Straw-colored Cyperus, Straw-colored Flat-sedge [M, R, Wo]
  • Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) Schultes - Kill Cow, Slender Spikerush [M, R, Wo]
  • Eleocharis ovata (Roth) Roemer & Schultes - Blunt Spikerush, Ovate Spikerush [Wo]
  • Fimbristylis annua (All.) Roemer & Schultes - Annual Fimbry [M, R, We, Wo]
  • Fimbristylis autumnalis (L.) R. & S. - Autumn Sedge, Slender Fimbry [M, R]
  • Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl - White Beak-rush [M, R, Wo]
  • Scirpus atrovirens Willd. - Black Bulrush, Dark Green Bulrush [M, Wo]
  • Scirpus cyperinus (L.) Kunth - Woolgrass [Wo]
  • Scirpus hattorianus Makino - Early Dark-green Bulrush, Mosquito Bulrush [R]
  • Schoenoplectus validus (Vahl.) A. & D. Löve - Great Bulrush, Soft-stem Bulrush [M, R]
  • Scleria pauciflora Muhl. ex Willd. - Carolina Whipgrass, Few-flower Nutrush [M, R, Wo]

Juncaceae (Rush Family)[edit]

  • Juncus acuminatus Michx. - Tapertip Rush, Sharp-fruited Rush, Knotty Leaf Rush [Wo]
  • Juncus brevicaudatus (Engelm.) Fern. - Short-tailed Rush, Narrow-panicle Rush [M] {G5, S2}
  • Juncus bufonius L. - Toad Rush [M, Wo]
  • Juncus canadensis J. Gay - Canada Rush [M, Wo]
  • Juncus dichotomus Elliott (Syn. Juncus tenuis Willd. var. dichotomus (Elliott) A. Wood) - Forked Rush [Wo]
  • Juncus dudley Wiegand (Syn. Juncus tenuis Willd. var. dudleyi (Weig.) F.J. Herm.) - Dudley's Rush [R, Wo]
  • Juncus effusus L. - Common or Soft rush [Wo]
  • Juncus secundus Beauv. - Lopsided Rush, Nodding Rush [M, R, Wo]
  • Juncus subcaudatus (Engelm.) Conv. & Blake - Tailed Rush [M, R]
  • Juncus tenuis Willd. - Path Rush, Slender rush, Poverty Rush, Field Rush [M, R, We, Wo]
  • Luzula bulbosa (Wood.) Rydb. - Bulbous Woodrush [Wo]

Poaceae (Grass Family)[edit]


Typhaceae (Cattail Family)[edit]


See also[edit]

Soldiers Delight Natural Environmental Area
Maryland + U.S.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-10. Retrieved 2007-12-23. dnr.state.md: SDNEA guide Archived 2007-12-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ dnr.state.md: SDNEA Features
  3. ^ [1] gsa.confex.com: Serpentine
  • Brown, Melvin L. and Russell G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous Plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1127 pages.
  • Davis, Charles A. 2004. List of Plants of Soldier's Delight. (Unpublished).
  • [F]   Fleming, Cristol, Marion B. Lobstein and Barbara Tufty. 1995. Finding Wildflowers in the Washington-Baltimore Area. The Johns Hopskins University Press, Baltimore and London, 312 pages.
  • Gleason, Henry A., and Arthur Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. (Second Edition) The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, 910 pages.
  • Google Hybrid Map. 2006. Target building, Soldiers Delight Visitor Center. [2]
  • Holmgren, Noel H. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern U. S. and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458, 937 pages.
  • Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2003. Explanation of Rank and Status Codes. [3]
  • Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2004. Current and Historical Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Species of Baltimore County, Maryland. [4]
  • [M]   Monteferrante, Frank. 1973. A Phytosociological Study of Soldiers Delight, Baltimore County, Maryland. Towson State College, Towson, Maryland.
  • [R]   Reed, Clyde F. 1984. Floras of the Serpentinite Formations in Eastern North America, with descriptions of geomorphology and mineralogy of the formations. Reed Herbarium, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • [We]   Wennerstrom, Jack. 1995. Soldiers Delight Journal - Exploring a Globally Rare Ecosystem. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburg and London, 247 pages.
  • [Wo]   Worthley, Elmer G. 1955-1985. List of Plants of Soldier's Delight. Unpublished.

External links[edit]