Grammont, Haute-Saône

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Grammont
Commune
Grammont in 2007
Grammont in 2007
Grammont is located in France
Grammont
Grammont
Coordinates: 47°30′56″N 6°31′02″E / 47.5156°N 6.5172°E / 47.5156; 6.5172Coordinates: 47°30′56″N 6°31′02″E / 47.5156°N 6.5172°E / 47.5156; 6.5172
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Haute-Saône
Arrondissement Lure
Canton Villersexel
Area1 5.94 km2 (2.29 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 74
 • Density 12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 70273 /70110
Elevation 283–515 m (928–1,690 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Grammont is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

Geography[edit]

Grammont, is located in the north of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, 10 km from the capital of Canton, Villersexel and 10 km from L'Isle-sur-le-Doubs. The village's name is the combination of large adjective and the name Mount.

Average altitude of Grammont is350 m. .

The village had 374 inhabitants at the time of the French Revolution of 1789 and 422 during the reign of King Louis-Philippe. Today (February 2013), the village has only 63 inhabitants involved in mainly farming. This is down form the 2007 of 74.

Geology[edit]

The communal area is based on the keupérien coalfield Haute-Saône (it is part of the concession Mélecey operated from 1778 to 1865) [1] and the oil shale deposit of Haute-Saône dated Toarcien.[2]

History[edit]

In 1308, Guyot II Granges, ("Grammont Guyot II") built a here. He was in homage to Count Renaud de Montbéliard. The castle was besieged, taken, burned and partially demolished by the Swiss after the battle of Héricourt, November 13, 1474.

By letters patent of 10 March 1657, the land of Grammont was erected in the county in favor of Claude-François de Grammont, honorary knight in Parliament Dole (Jura). After taking Besançon in 1674, Louis XIV made him dismantle the castles of Franche-Comté, and of Grammont. From 1699, the castle of Villersexel, from the family of Rye, was the new place of residence of the family.

In 1841 Grammont had 422 inhabitants.

At the end of the nineteenth century, Chalon-sur-Saône and Grammont were the two largest Eastern horse fairs, with a concentration on the second which went from 400 to 800 hp by year.

The Belgian and Italian armies came there sometimes for horses to their artillery, they were led on foot to the station Villersexel by grooms of these armies. The Flemish merchants came there quite regularly. Then came the First World War, and infectious anemia equine which decimated the herd. The mules replaced them; we even harnessed cows.

At Grammont, in the early twentieth century, fairs tools and seeds that correspond to periods of intense work (plowing and haymaking) disappeared. The horse fair, in hollow period, retained all its reason for being in late winter, hence the saying: "After the fair in Grammont is sown oats."

World War II was due to the horse park with massive requisitions of the German army for the needs of the Russian front.

In 1976, the population of Grammont gave back a second wind at the fair to make it a privileged meeting place for the rural world.

Annual Fair[edit]

The annual fair on 22 February, is in Geraardsbergen with a tradition of 500 years. It dates back to August 8 in the year 1502. In the Haute-Saône, under the old regime, there are 266 fairs in 57 cities, towns or villages.

Blason of Grammont

In the early 19th century, 69 localities were organizing 377 fairs. A decree of 15 March 1807 is set to Grammont, the Horse Fair February 22, the Frequently Asked tools to June 6 and Frequently Asked seeds to 15 October. The fairs will culminate in the final years of the century with over 1000 fairs a year to 120 cities. A fair in common was the symbol of autonomy and village power.

Heraldry[edit]

The Coat of Arms of Gammont is an "Azure three queen busts complexion, and sandy hair and gold crown."

Population[edit]

In 2013, the town of Grammont had 62 inhabitants. In 1841 population in Grammont peeked at 422 inhabitants after which it declined.

Population Graph

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Édouard Thirria, Manuel à l'usage de l'habitant du département de la Haute-Saône, 1869 (lire en ligne [archive]), p. 184-185.
  2. ^ Marcel Lanoir, Carburants rhodaniens : les schistes bitumineux, notamment dans la Haute-Saône, vol. 7, coll. (Les Études rhodaniennes, 1931), p.328.