Gramsh

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Gramsh
Municipality
Sotira Waterfall from a distance
Sotira Waterfall from a distance
Official logo of Gramsh
Emblem
Gramsh is located in Albania
Gramsh
Gramsh
Coordinates: 40°52′N 20°11′E / 40.867°N 20.183°E / 40.867; 20.183
Country  Albania
County Stema e Qarkut Elbasan.svg Elbasan
Government
 • Mayor Luljeta Dollani (PS)
Area
 • Municipality 739.22 km2 (285.41 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Municipality 24,231
 • Municipality density 33/km2 (85/sq mi)
 • Administrative Unit 8,440
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal Code 3301
Area Code (0)513
Vehicle registration AL
Website Official Website
Gramsh from the air

Gramsh (definite Albanian form: Gramshi) is a town and a municipality in Elbasan County, central Albania. The municipality was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Gramsh, Kodovjat, Kukur, Kushovë, Lenie, Pishaj, Poroçan, Skënderbegas, Sult and Tunjë, that became municipal units. The seat of the municipality is the town Gramsh.[1] The total population is 24,231 (2011 census), in a total area of 739.22 km2.[2] The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 8,440.[3]

The town is connected with Elbasan, Korça, Pogradec, Skrapar, Librazhd and Berat. The town is crossed by the river Devoll.

Etymology[edit]

During the Ottoman period and before the Albanian Declaration of Independence in 1912, it was known as Grameç in Turkish.[4]

History[edit]

Gramsh has been inhabited since ancient times, as is confirmed by archaeological findings in the Tumulus of Cëruja.
In the Middle Ages, the area was under the possession of Prince George Arianiti. During Ottoman rule, it was a kaza administrative division within the Sanjak of Elbasan of the Monastir Vilayet.[4]
From 1912 until 1947, this was the center of Gramsh area. With the new administrative division, it became the center of Gramsh district, in which were placed various state institutions. Gramsh was declared a city on July 10, 1960. Since 1965, it has been a municipality.

Historically the southern part of the district was part of the ethnographic region of Tomorrica, and its population was primarily Bektashi, a Sufi order linked to Shiism, while the northern part of the district was more heavily Sunni[5], but there is also a Bektashi tekke in the town of Dushk, in the Sult municipality. There are also Orthodox Christians in addition to Muslims in the southeastern region of Lenie, especially in historically Aromanian towns such as Grabovë[5]. There were ethnically Albanian Orthodox Christians from in the nearby Shpat region of the former Elbasan district, which borders Gramsh. Evangelist missionaries later made some headway among the population[5] but today, there are many people who don't practice any of the four faiths previously listed. Many of Gramsh's municipalities saw less than 50% of the population declare themselves for any religion, including Tunjë, Sult, Poroçan, Gramsh the city itself, and Kodovjat, as well as the neighboring Mollas region which is historically linked to Gramsh although it wasn't part of the municipality recently.[6]

Economy[edit]

The city was home of one of the main military weaponry factories during the communist era. Devolli Hydro Power started in 1980, but was left between work due to the death of communist leader Enver Hoxha, and the beginning of a Transitional period until the 1990s that culminated in the overthrow of that system.
On October 2013, it was reported that the municipality debt was high and the municipality was close to bankruptcy due to poor management of funds by former mayor, Dritan Bici.[7]

Sports[edit]

The football (soccer) club is KF Gramshi that is in the Albanian Second Division.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law nr. 115/2014[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Interactive map administrative territorial reform
  3. ^ 2011 census results Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ a b HÜSNÜ YAZICI – Yazdiği Konular
  5. ^ a b c Çarçani, Leonard. Besimet Fetare në Prefekturën e Elbasanit. Page 24
  6. ^ Albanian 2011 census data by municipality
  7. ^ GRAMSH, BASHKIA 800 mln BORXHE [Gramsh, the municipality in debt of 800 mill LEK] (YouTube) (in Albanian). Skampa TV. 9 Oct 2013. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013.