Sotira Waterfall from a distance
|• Mayor||Luljeta Dollani (PS)|
|• Municipality||739.22 km2 (285.41 sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||33/km2 (85/sq mi)|
|• Administrative Unit||8,440|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Gramsh (definite Albanian form: Gramshi) is a town and a municipality in Elbasan County, central Albania. The municipality was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Gramsh, Kodovjat, Kukur, Kushovë, Lenie, Pishaj, Poroçan, Skënderbegas, Sult and Tunjë, that became municipal units. The seat of the municipality is the town Gramsh. The total population is 24,231 (2011 census), in a total area of 739.22 km2. The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 8,440.
Gramsh has been inhabited since ancient times, as is confirmed by archaeological findings in the Tumulus of Cëruja.
In the Middle Ages, the area was under the possession of Prince George Arianiti. During Ottoman rule, it was a kaza administrative division within the Sanjak of Elbasan of the Monastir Vilayet.
From 1912 until 1947, this was the center of Gramsh area. With the new administrative division, it became the center of Gramsh district, in which were placed various state institutions. Gramsh was declared a city on July 10, 1960. Since 1965, it has been a municipality.
Historically the southern part of the district was part of the ethnographic region of Tomorrica, and its population was primarily Bektashi, a Sufi order linked to Shiism, while the northern part of the district was more heavily Sunni, but there is also a Bektashi tekke in the town of Dushk, in the Sult municipality. There are also Orthodox Christians in addition to Muslims in the southeastern region of Lenie, especially in historically Aromanian towns such as Grabovë. There were ethnically Albanian Orthodox Christians from in the nearby Shpat region of the former Elbasan district, which borders Gramsh. Evangelist missionaries later made some headway among the population but today, there are many people who don't practice any of the four faiths previously listed. Many of Gramsh's municipalities saw less than 50% of the population declare themselves for any religion, including Tunjë, Sult, Poroçan, Gramsh the city itself, and Kodovjat, as well as the neighboring Mollas region which is historically linked to Gramsh although it wasn't part of the municipality recently.
The city was home of one of the main military weaponry factories during the communist era. Devolli Hydro Power started in 1980, but was left between work due to the death of communist leader Enver Hoxha, and the beginning of a Transitional period until the 1990s that culminated in the overthrow of that system.
On October 2013, it was reported that the municipality debt was high and the municipality was close to bankruptcy due to poor management of funds by former mayor, Dritan Bici.
- Adriatik Llalla, General Prosecutor of Albania
- Architect Kasemi, famous architect of the 16th century
- Ismail Qemali Gramshi, signatory of the Albanian Declaration of Independence
- The name of Antonio Gramsci, famous Italian politician with Arbëresh origins refers back to an ancestry in Gramsh, Albania.
- Dritan Abedin Bici, former mayor and one of the most corrupted mayors of all time after Bujar Kllogjri
- Law nr. 115/2014[permanent dead link]
- Interactive map administrative territorial reform
- 2011 census results Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.
- HÜSNÜ YAZICI – Yazdiği Konular
- Çarçani, Leonard. Besimet Fetare në Prefekturën e Elbasanit. Page 24
- Albanian 2011 census data by municipality
- GRAMSH, BASHKIA 800 mln BORXHE [Gramsh, the municipality in debt of 800 mill LEK] (YouTube) (in Albanian). Skampa TV. 9 Oct 2013. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013.