Granby, Colorado

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Granby, Colorado
Statutory Town
Granby Town Hall
Granby Town Hall
Motto: "The heart of something grand"
Location in Grand County and the state of Colorado
Location in Grand County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 40°5′11″N 105°56′11″W / 40.08639°N 105.93639°W / 40.08639; -105.93639Coordinates: 40°5′11″N 105°56′11″W / 40.08639°N 105.93639°W / 40.08639; -105.93639
Country USA
State Colorado
County[1] Grand
Founded 1904
Incorporated (town) December 11, 1905[2]
Government
 • Type Statutory Town[1]
Area
 • Total 12.8 sq mi (33.1 km2)
 • Land 12.8 sq mi (33.1 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 7,935 ft (2,428 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,864
 • Density 146/sq mi (56.4/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code[3] 80446
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-31605
GNIS feature ID 0178402
Website www.townofgranby.com

Granby is a statutory town which is the most populous municipality in Grand County, Colorado, United States. Granby is situated along U.S. Highway 40 in Middle Park about 85 miles (137 km) northwest of Denver and 14 miles (23 km)southwest of Rocky Mountain National Park. As of the 2010 census the town had a population of 1,864.[4]

The town was founded in 1904 along the route of the Denver, Northwestern & Pacific Railway, and incorporated one year later. It was named after Granby Hillyer,[5] a Denver lawyer who later served as the United States Attorney for that city's district.

Geography[edit]

Granby sits at 7,935 feet (2,419 m) above sea level in the valley of the Fraser River, 2 miles (3 km) east of its mouth at the Colorado River. It is located in eastern Grand County at 40°5′11″N 105°56′11″W / 40.08639°N 105.93639°W / 40.08639; -105.93639 (40.086396, -105.936487),[6] in an area subject to average annual rainfall of 12 14 inches and annual snowfall of more than 128 inches (3,300 mm).

U.S. Route 40 passes through the center of town as Agate Avenue, leading south and east over Berthoud Pass to the Denver area, west 10 miles (16 km) to Hot Sulphur Springs, the Grand County seat. Kremmling is 27 miles (43 km) to the west on US 40. U.S. Route 34 intersects US 40 on the west side of Granby and leads northeast into Rocky Mountain National Park, crossing the mountains as Trail Ridge Road and reaching Estes Park 60 miles (97 km) northeast of Granby.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Granby has a total area of 12.8 square miles (33.1 km2), all land.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 40
1920 32 −20.0%
1930 90 181.3%
1940 251 178.9%
1950 463 84.5%
1960 503 8.6%
1970 554 10.1%
1980 963 73.8%
1990 966 0.3%
2000 1,525 57.9%
2010 1,864 22.2%
Est. 2015 1,877 [7] 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,525 people, 579 households, and 390 families residing in the town. The population density was 856.2 people per square mile (330.8/km²). There were 628 housing units at an average density of 352.6 per square mile (136.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.26% White, 0.46% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.

There were 579 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 104.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,667, and the median income for a family was $55,250. Males had a median income of $35,455 versus $24,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,224. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those ages 65 and older.

Local history[edit]

New Granby Public Library

Many Granby and Grand County residents are descended from pioneer settlers who arrived before the country was fully surveyed. Early families established themselves under the Homestead Act of 1862, which allowed easy access to land to those who would inhabit and improve upon the territory.

Since the turn of the century, families have contended for prime ranch land. The Huddlers and Cooks are descended from original homesteaders. Their waning ranch once covered approximately 10,000 acres (40 km2) and was rich in cattle and hay.

Transportation[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Granby, operating its California Zephyr daily in both directions between Chicago and Emeryville, California, across the bay from San Francisco.

Granby-Grand County Airport (IATA: GNBICAO: KGNBFAA LID: GNB), a small airport one mile east of town, serves as a stopover for transient general aviation flights, as well as hosts some local aviation activity. There are no scheduled passenger carrier flights into or out of the airport, which features a 5,000-foot-long (1,500 m) by 75-foot-wide (23 m) asphalt runway. Services at the airport are limited to aviation fuel for both piston and jet/turboprop aircraft.

Disasters[edit]

Bulldozer rampage[edit]

On June 4, 2004, a modified Komatsu D355A bulldozer operated by Marvin Heemeyer went on a rampage through town. Several buildings were damaged, including a bank, hardware store, a concrete company, a utility service center, the town hall, the police department, and a former mayor's home. The rampage lasted 2 hours and 7 minutes. The rampage ended as the bulldozer came to a halt, attempting to go through the alleyway of the Gamble Hardware Store. No deaths were reported except for Heemeyer himself. The cost of damage rounded to an estimated $7 million.

Climate[edit]

This climate type is dominated by the winter season, a long, bitterly cold period with short, clear days, relatively little precipitation mostly in the form of snow, and low humidity. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Granby has a subarctic climate, abbreviated "Dfc" on climate maps.[10]

Climate data for Granby, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31
(−1)
37
(3)
47
(8)
59
(15)
69
(21)
75
(24)
73
(23)
68
(20)
56
(13)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
51
(11)
Average low °F (°C) 1
(−17)
1
(−17)
9
(−13)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
36
(2)
41
(5)
40
(4)
33
(1)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
5
(−15)
21
(−6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.2
(30)
0.8
(20)
1.2
(30)
1.1
(28)
1.3
(33)
1.2
(30)
1.5
(38)
1.7
(43)
1.1
(28)
0.8
(20)
0.9
(23)
1.4
(36)
4.2
(107)
Source: Weatherbase [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved September 24, 2007. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Granby town, Colorado". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  5. ^ Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: Why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 24. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Granby, Colorado
  11. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 2, 2013.

External links[edit]