Granby, Colorado

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Granby, Colorado
Town of Granby[1]
Granby Town Hall
Granby Town Hall
Motto(s): 
"The heart of something grand"
Location of the Town of Granby in Grand County, Colorado.
Location of the Town of Granby in Grand County, Colorado.
Granby is located in the United States
Granby
Granby
Location of the Town of Granby in the United States.
Coordinates: 40°5′11″N 105°56′11″W / 40.08639°N 105.93639°W / 40.08639; -105.93639Coordinates: 40°5′11″N 105°56′11″W / 40.08639°N 105.93639°W / 40.08639; -105.93639
Country United States
State Colorado
CountyGrand County[1]
Founded1905
Incorporated (town)December 11, 1905[2]
Government
 • TypeStatutory Town[1]
 • MayorJoshua Hardy[3]
Area
 • Total12.682 sq mi (32.845 km2)
 • Land12.682 sq mi (32.845 km2)
 • Water0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2)
Elevation
7,935 ft (2,428 m)
Population
 • Total2,079
 • Density164/sq mi (63/km2)
 • Grand County
15,717
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
ZIP code[5]
80446
Area code(s)970
FIPS code08-31605
GNIS feature ID0178402
Websitewww.townofgranby.com

The Town of Granby is the Statutory Town that is the most populous municipality in Grand County, Colorado, United States.[1] The town population was 2,079 at the 2020 United States Census.[4] Granby is situated along U.S. Highway 40 in the Middle Park basin, and it is about 85 miles (137 km) northwest of Denver and 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Rocky Mountain National Park.

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1904 along the route of the Denver, Northwestern & Pacific Railway and was incorporated one year later. It was named after Granby Hillyer,[6] a Denver lawyer who later served as the United States Attorney for that city's district.

Many Granby and Grand County residents are descended from pioneer settlers who arrived before the country was fully surveyed. Early families established themselves under the Homestead Act of 1862, which allowed easy access to land to those who would inhabit and improve upon the territory.

Since the turn of the century, families have contended for prime ranch land. The Hudlers and Cooks are descended from original homesteaders.[7] Their waning ranch once covered approximately 20,000 acres (81 km2) and was rich in cattle and hay.

Bulldozer rampage[edit]

Marvin Heemeyer, a local auto muffler shop owner, and entrepreneur was denied access to his own business property when a factory was approved by the city and built, cutting off his road access. The city later prevented him from building a new driveway that would again allow his business to operate. Later his connection to the local sewage line was destroyed by construction of the neighboring factory, but the city fined him for the damage caused by the new factory construction.

On June 4, 2004, Heemeyer went on a rampage through town, driving a modified bulldozer. Several buildings were damaged, including a bank, a hardware store, the concrete company, a utility service center, the town hall, the police department, and a former mayor's home, all involved in Heemeyer's business having been destroyed. The rampage lasted 2 hours and 7 minutes, ending when the bulldozer got stuck attempting to go through the alleyway of Gambles Hardware Store. Heemeyer then killed himself with a handgun. No other deaths occurred, but an estimated $7 million in damage was done.

Geography[edit]

Granby sits at 7,935 feet (2,419 m) above sea level in the valley of the Fraser River, 2 miles (3 km) east of its mouth at the Colorado River. It is located in eastern Grand County at 40°5′11″N 105°56′11″W / 40.08639°N 105.93639°W / 40.08639; -105.93639 (40.086396, -105.936487),[8] in an area subject to average annual rainfall of 12+14 inches and annual snowfall of more than 128 inches (3,300 mm).

U.S. Route 40 passes through the center of town as Agate Avenue, leading south and east over Berthoud Pass to the Denver area, west 10 miles (16 km) to Hot Sulphur Springs, the Grand County seat. Kremmling is 27 miles (43 km) to the west on US 40. U.S. Route 34 intersects US 40 on the west side of Granby and leads northeast into Rocky Mountain National Park, crossing the mountains as Trail Ridge Road and reaching Estes Park 60 miles (97 km) northeast of Granby.

At the 2020 United States Census, the town had a total area of 8,116 acres (32.845 km2), all of it land.[4]

Climate[edit]

This climate type is dominated by the winter season, a long, bitterly cold period with short, clear days, relatively little precipitation mostly in the form of snow, and low humidity. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Granby has a subarctic climate, abbreviated "Dfc" on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Granby, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31
(−1)
37
(3)
47
(8)
59
(15)
69
(21)
75
(24)
73
(23)
68
(20)
56
(13)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
51
(11)
Average low °F (°C) 1
(−17)
1
(−17)
9
(−13)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
36
(2)
41
(5)
40
(4)
33
(1)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
5
(−15)
21
(−6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.2
(30)
0.8
(20)
1.2
(30)
1.1
(28)
1.3
(33)
1.2
(30)
1.5
(38)
1.7
(43)
1.1
(28)
0.8
(20)
0.9
(23)
1.4
(36)
14.2
(360)
Source: Weatherbase [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
191040
192032−20.0%
193090181.3%
1940251178.9%
195046384.5%
19605038.6%
197055410.1%
198096373.8%
19909660.3%
20001,52557.9%
20101,86422.2%
20202,07911.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,525 people, 579 households, and 390 families residing in the town. The population density was 856.2 people per square mile (330.8/km2). There were 628 housing units at an average density of 352.6 per square mile (136.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.26% White, 0.46% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.

There were 579 households, out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,667, and the median income for a family was $55,250. Males had a median income of $35,455 versus $24,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,224. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those ages 65 and older.

Transportation[edit]

Granby in winter.
The new Granby Public Library.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Granby, operating its California Zephyr daily in both directions between Chicago and Emeryville, California, across the bay from San Francisco.

Granby-Grand County Airport (IATA: GNB, ICAO: KGNB, FAA LID: GNB), a small airport one mile east of town, serves as a stopover for transient general aviation flights, as well as hosts some local aviation activity. There are currently no scheduled passenger carrier flights into or out of the airport, which features a 5,000-foot-long (1,500 m) by 75-foot-wide (23 m) asphalt runway. Services at the airport are limited to aviation fuel for both piston and jet/turboprop aircraft. According to the Official Airline Guide (OAG), the airport was previously served by Rocky Mountain Airways which operated scheduled passenger flights to Denver during the mid 1970s with small de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter turboprop aircraft.[12]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Active Colorado Municipalities". Colorado Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  3. ^ "Mayor & Board of Trustees - Granby, Colorado". townofgranby.com. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "Decennial Census P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Data". United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce. August 12, 2021. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  5. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
  6. ^ Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: Why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 24.
  7. ^ "Obituary of Carole Hudler Cook".
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Granby, Colorado
  10. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on October 2, 2013.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ April 15, 1975 Official Airline Guide (OAG), North American edition, Denver flight schedules

External links[edit]