Granby Runestone

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U 337, Granby.JPG
Rundata ID U 337
Country Sweden
Region Uppland
City/Village Granby
Produced 11th century
Runemaster Visäte

Text – Native
Old Norse : Hæmingʀ ok Sialfi ok Iohan þæiʀ lata haggva æftiʀ faður sinn Finnvið, ok Vargas(?)/Varghôss(?) ok Ragnfriðr, ok moður sina, ok at Ingigærði ok at Kalf ok Gærðar o[k] <...-at>. Hann atti æinn allt fyrst. Þat vaʀu frændr þæiʀa. Guð hialpi and þæiʀa. Viseti risti runaʀ þessaʀ.[1]
Text – English
Hemingr and Sjalfi and Jóhan, they have cut (the stone) in memory of their father Finnviðr and Vargas(?)/Varghôss(?) and Ragnfríðr and their mother, and in memory of Ingigerðr and in memory of Kalfr and Gerðarr and ... He alone owned all at first. These were their kinsmen. May God help their spirits. Véseti carved these runes.[1]
Other resources
RunestonesRunic alphabet
RunologyRunestone styles

The Granby Runestone (Swedish: Granbyhällen), designated as U 337 under the Rundata catalog, is one of the longest Viking Age runic inscription located in Uppland, Sweden.


The Granby Runestone has a runic inscription carved on a boulder consisting of a memorial to a father, a mother and some other people. The father Finnvid's property is mentioned. Some of these family members are mentioned on the inscriptions on other local runestones. Kalfr is mentioned on inscriptions U 338 and U 341, which are located in Söderby, and on U 342, which is also located in Granby, and Ragnfríðr is mentioned on U 338.[2]

The runic text states that the inscription was carved by the runemaster Visäte, who was active in Uppland during the last half of the eleventh century. There are seven other runestones signed by Visäte in Uppland, including U 74 in Husby, U 208 in Råcksta, U 236 in Lindö, U 454 in Kumla, U 669 in Kålsta, U 862 in Säva, and U Fv1946;258 in Fällbro. In the runic text Visäte spelled Guð ("God") using an o-rune instead of a u-rune, an alternative spelling which he also used on U 74 and in spelling the name Guðlaug on U Fv1972;172 in Lilla Vilunda.[3]

The inscription is classified as being carved in runestone style Pr4, which is also known as the Urnes style. Inscriptions in this runestone style are characterized by slim and stylized animals that are interwoven into tight patterns. The animal heads are typically seen in profile with slender almond-shaped eyes and upwardly curled appendages on the noses and the necks.


A transliteration of the runic inscription into roman letters is:

+ hemik + uk + sialfi + uk + iohan + þeiʀ + lata hakua + eftʀ + faþur sin + finuiþ + uk + uarkas × uk × rahnfriþ + uk moþur sina + uk + at + ikikerþi + uk + at + kalf + uk + kiarþar + u- ...-at + (h)an ati ' ein × alt fyrst × þat × uaru × freantr þeia + koþ : hialbi + ant þaira + uiseti + risti × runa þisa[1]



  1. ^ a b c Project Samnordisk Runtextdatabas Svensk - Rundata entry for U 337.
  2. ^ Gustavson, Helmer (1976). "Runfynd 1975" (PDF). Fornvännen. Royal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities. 71: 98–99. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  3. ^ Jansson, Sven B. F (1972). "Den Nyfunna Runstenen vid Lilla Vilunda i Upplands Väsby" (PDF). Fornvännen. Swedish National Heritage Board. 67: 170–179. ISSN 1404-9430. Retrieved 14 June 2010. 

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