Grand Army Plaza (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
|Grand Army Plaza
|New York City Subway rapid transit station|
Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel artwork on the mezzanine level of the station
|Address||Grand Army Plaza (north side) & Flatbush Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11238
|Line||IRT Eastern Parkway Line|
|Services||2 (all times)
3 (all except late nights)
4 (late nights)
|Transit connections||NYCT Bus: B41, B69|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||October 10, 1920|
|Former/other names||Grand Army Plaza – Prospect Park|
|Passengers (2015)||2,433,907 2.9%|
|Rank||201 out of 422|
|Next north||Bergen Street: 2 3 4|
|Next south||Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum: 2 3 4|
Grand Army Plaza is a local station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. It is located in Park Slope, Brooklyn, underneath Flatbush Avenue at its northwest intersection with Grand Army Plaza. It is served by the 2 and 3 trains, the latter of which is replaced by the 4 train during late nights.
Grand Army Plaza opened on October 10, 1920 as part of the opening of the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, an extension of the Brooklyn IRT from Atlantic Avenue to Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum. This extension was part of an expansion of the subway system known as the Dual Contracts which built not only IRT lines in Brooklyn but also those for the BMT. The BMT Brighton Line was already in use at the time but used trackage that is now part of the Franklin Avenue Shuttle; the opening of the subway line beneath Flatbush Avenue provided a more direct route to Downtown Brooklyn and, eventually, Manhattan.
The construction of the station and tunnels resulted in the removal of Frederic W. Darlington's 1897 Electric Fountain from the center of Grand Army Plaza, which was dug up for the cut-and-cover construction and replaced with a grass oval. Construction began on a new fountain, known as the Bailey Fountain, in 1928, and it was completed in 1932.
During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Grand Army Plaza, along with those at four other stations on the Eastern Parkway Line, were lengthened to 525 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 51-foot IRT cars.
|B1||Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent|
|B2||Northbound local||← toward Wakefield – 241st Street (Bergen Street)
← toward Harlem – 148th Street ( toward Woodlawn late nights) (Bergen Street)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Southbound local||→ toward Brooklyn College – Flatbush Avenue (Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum) →
→ ( late nights) toward New Lots Avenue (Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum) →
|B3||Northbound express||← do not stop here|
|Northbound Brighton Line||← do not stop here (Seventh Avenue)|
|Southbound Brighton Line||→ do not stop here (Prospect Park) →|
|Southbound express||→ do not stop here →|
At platform level, Grand Army Plaza has a simple island platform layout with two tracks. Southbound (eastern Brooklyn-bound) trains use track E1 while northbound (Manhattan-bound) trains use track E4. Underneath the platform are four tracks, the center two, A4 (north) and A3 (south) carrying the BMT Brighton Line with tracks E2 and E3 carrying southbound and northbound express IRT Eastern Parkway Line trains on either side of the Brighton Line tracks, respectively. These track designations are only displayed on small emergency placards on either end of the platform for use by train and emergency personnel; they are not used in everyday conversation.
The only mosaic in the Grand Army Plaza station is a small "P". A permanent art installation in the station's entrances and mezzanine entitled Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel was created in 1995 by Jane Greengold, who used the station regularly when she lived in Park Slope. The bronze and terra cotta pieces of art are modeled on the original Interborough Rapid Transit Company logo, and references the Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch in the plaza above with its Winged Victories. The MTA's Arts for Transit program held an opening ceremony for the artwork on June 19, 1997.
Entrances and exits
The station has four entrances and exits, all of which are staircases:
- 2 on the northeast corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street East
- 1 on the southwest corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street West
- 1 on the southeast corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street West
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
- "Subway Stations Opened: Last Three in Eastern Parkway Branch of I.R.T. Put Into Service". New York Times. October 11, 1920. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- "Our Newest Electric Toy". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 8, 1897. p. 13.
- New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, Grand Army Plaza, accessed April 20, 2007
- Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965.
- Grand Army Plaza (Brooklyn IRT) NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-07-05
- Brooklyn IRT: Grand Army Plaza
- Brooklyn IRT: Map 2, Brooklyn IRT Dual Contracts
- MTA – Arts for Transit: Grand Army Plaza, accessed April 20, 2007
- MTA Headquarters Press Release, MTA Installs Art In Grand Army Plaza Station, June 19, 1997, accessed April 20, 2007
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Park Slope/Prospect Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grand Army Plaza (IRT Eastern Parkway Line).|
- Station Reporter — 2 Train
- Station Reporter — 3 Train
- The Subway Nut — Grand Army Plaza Pictures
- MTA's Arts For Transit — Grand Army Plaza (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
- Plaza Street entrance (northeast from Grand Army Plaza) from Google Maps Street View