Grand Duchess Elizabeth Alexandrovna of Russia
Grand Duchess Elizabeth Alexandrovna of Russia (Russian: Елисавета Александровна Романова, tr. Elisaveta Aleksandrovna Romanova; 15 November [O.S. 3 November] 1806 – 12 May [O.S. 30 April] 1808) was the younger child of Alexander I of Russia and his wife, Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden).
Grand Duchess Elizabeth was born at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. Her father, Alexander I Pavlovich, was the reigning Russian Emperor. Her mother, Empress Elizabeth Alexeievna, was born Princess Louise of Baden.
The Empress had given birth to another daughter while her husband was still the heir to the Russian throne. This daughter, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna (1799–1800), had died before reaching the age of one. Maria's death had been a devastating blow to the Empress, who did not have another child for six years. At the time of Elizabeth's birth, she was rumored to have been the natural daughter of Empress Elizabeth by Alexei Okhotnikov, just as it had been rumored that Maria was the daughter of the Empress by Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, a Polish prince. Soon after Elizabeth's birth, the Empress wrote to her mother: "I am well, my good Mama, as is my little Elise, who begs you to forgive her for not being a boy."
After Okhotnikov's death, the Empress started to shower affection onto her infant daughter, whom she called either "Elise" or "Lisinka". In early 1808, Elizabeth started to show signs of an infection; this infection was blamed on teething. On 12 May [O.S. 30 April] 1808, aged 1 year 5 months, Elizabeth died of this infection. Her mother was inconsolable: she wrote to her mother that "now, [she] is not good for anything in this world, [her] soul has no more strength to recover from this last blow." She also wrote: "I have the illusion of spring in my apartment, the illusion of sunshine, flowers, singing birds, the birds that belong to Lisinka. She was often amused by her bullfinches: One of them whistles perfectly an air which I should never forget if I lived to be a hundred." When a doctor told the Emperor that his wife was still young enough to bear other children, the Emperor responded: "No, my friend, God does not love my children." The infant was buried in Alexander Nevsky Lavra, in Saint Petersburg.
- Delaine, Linda (October 17, 2005). "Alexander I". Russian Life Magazine. russianlife.com. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
- Troyat 2003, p. 45.
- Krylov, Alexander (2002). "Прелестная Елизавета (Charming Elizabeth)". Новая Юность (New Youth) (in Russian). magazines.russ.ru. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
- Zawadzki 1993, p. 37.
- Troyat 2003, p. 98.
- Troyat 2003, p. 110-11.
- Krasnolitsky 2010, p. 20.
- Krasnolitsky, Alexander (2010). Romanov Imperial Genealogy (PDF). Saint Petersburg.
- Troyat, Henri (2003). Alexander of Russia: Napoleon's Conqueror. New York City: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3949-3.
- Zawadzki, W. H. (1993). A Man of Honour: Adam Czartoryski as a Statesman of Russia and Poland, 1795–1831. United States: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820303-9.
- Zeepvat, Charlotte (2005). The Camera And the Tsars. Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-4210-X.