Grand Duchy of Frankfurt

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Grand Duchy of Frankfurt

Großherzogtum Frankfurt (de)
Grand-duché de Francfort (fr)
1810–1813
Flag of Frankfurt
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
The Grand Duchy of Frankfurt in 1812.
The Grand Duchy of Frankfurt in 1812.
StatusClient state of the French Empire
CapitalAschaffenburg
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Grand Duke 
• 1810–1813
Karl von Dalberg
• 1813
Eugène de Beauharnais
Historical eraNapoleonic Wars
• Established
16 February 1810
• Disestablished
December 1813
Area
18105,173 km2 (1,997 sq mi)
Population
• 1810
302100
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Wappen Frankfurt am Main.svg Free City of Frankfurt
Wappen Aschaffenburg.svg Principality of Aschaffenburg
Wappen Nassau-Fulda.svg Principality of Nassau-Orange-Fulda
Blason Maison de Crèvecœur.svg County of Hanau
Wappen Wetzlar.svg County of Wetzlar
Free City of Frankfurt Wappen Frankfurt am Main.svg
Kingdom of Bavaria
Grand Duchy of Hesse
Electorate of Hesse
Kingdom of Prussia
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

The Grand Duchy of Frankfurt was a German satellite state of Napoleonic creation. It came into existence in 1810 through the combination of the former territories of the Archbishopric of Mainz along with the Free City of Frankfurt itself.

History[edit]

Karl Theodor von Dalberg as Grand Duke of Frankfurt
Battle of the Frankfurt Bridge between Austrian/Bavarian and French troops, 1813

Frankfurt lost its status as a free imperial city in 1806 with the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. The city was granted to the former Archbishop of Mainz, Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg, and became the Principality of Frankfurt. When Dalberg was forced by Napoleon to relinquish his Principality of Regensburg to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1810, his remaining territories of Aschaffenburg, Wetzlar, Fulda, Hanau, and Frankfurt were combined into the new Grand Duchy of Frankfurt.

Although the grand duchy was named after Frankfurt, the city was administered by French commissioners while Dalberg resided in the city of Aschaffenburg. According to the constitution of the grand duchy, upon Dalberg's death, the state would be inherited by Napoleon's stepson, Eugène de Beauharnais.

Dalberg abdicated in favour of Eugene on 26 October 1813, following Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Leipzig. The grand duchy ceased to exist after December 1813, when the city was occupied by allied troops. While Frankfurt itself once again became a free city, most of the territory of the grand duchy was ultimately annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria.