Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia

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George Mikhailovich
Grand Duke of Russia
Prince of Prussia
Георгий Романов в Приднестровье.jpg
Born (1981-03-13) 13 March 1981 (age 36)
Madrid, Spain
House Romanov-Hohenzollern
Father Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
Mother Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia
Religion Russian Orthodox

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (Russian: Георгий Михайлович Романов; born 13 March 1981) is the heir apparent to Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia, a claimant to the disputed Headship of the Imperial Family of Russia.[1] She attributes to him the title of Tsesarevich and he bears, as a title of pretence, the prefix of "Grand Duke" with the style of Imperial Highness; as a cadet member of the branch of the House of Hohenzollern which formerly ruled the German Empire and Kingdom of Prussia he is also traditionally entitled "Prince of Prussia" with the style of Royal Highness.[2]

Early life[edit]

Russian imperial family
Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire

HIH Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna


HH Prince Andrew
HH Princess Inez

  • HSH Prince Alexis
    HSH Princess Zoetta
  • HSH Prince Peter
    HSH Princess Barbara
  • HSH Prince Andrew
    HSH Princess Elizabeth
    • HSH Princess Natasha

HSH Princess Olga


HH Princess Dorrit


HH Princess Sveva

  • HSH Princess Natalia
  • HSH Princess Elizabeth
  • HSH Princess Tatiana
Coat of arms of the German Empire (1871-1918)

HRH Prince Christian-Sigismund
HRH Princess Nina

  • Isabelle-Alexandra Grandmontagne-Prinzessin von Preußen
  • HRH Prince Christian Ludwig
  • HRH Princess Irina Maria

HRH Princess Marie Cécile

George was born in Madrid in 1981, the son of Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia (at the time styled HIH Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia) and Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia,[3][1] only child and heir of Vladimir Cyrillovich, Grand Duke of Russia.[4][2] Grandparents on his father's side were Prince Karl Franz of Prussia and Princess Henriette von Schönaich-Carolath. George was baptised on 6 May 1981, in Madrid; his godfather is Constantine II of Greece. Also present at the baptism were King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía of Spain and Simeon II and Queen Margarita of Bulgaria.[5] George was given the title Grand Duke of Russia by his maternal grandfather,[6] prompting Prince Vasili Alexandrovich, then president of the Romanov Family Association, to respond in writing that "The Romanov Family Association hereby declares that the joyful event in the Prussian Royal House does not concern the Romanov Family Association since the newborn prince is not a member of either the Russian Imperial House or of the Romanov family".[7]

In anticipation of his eventual succession as pretender and with his maternal grandfather's approval, his mother applied for a change of name with the French authorities as "Grand Duke George of Russia" instead of "Prinz von Preußen".[7] This was refused by the French Minister of Justice. His parents separated in 1982 and divorced in 1985. His father, who stopped using his Russian title after his separation, has said of his son, "I have his German passport right here; I always carry it with me. It says he is Prince George of Prussia".[7]

George spent the first years of his life in France before moving to Spain.[8] There he and his mother lived, along with his maternal grandmother, in the home of his maternal aunt, Helen Kirby, who inherited a significant fortune from her father, Sumner Moore Kirby.[9]

Education and career[edit]

George was educated at Runnymede College in Madrid, D'Overbroeck's College, Oxford and at St Benet's Hall, Oxford[citation needed].

In Brussels, he worked at the European Parliament where he was an assistant to Loyola de Palacio, former European Commissioner for Transport and Energy. Later he moved to Luxembourg where he was employed at the European Commission's Directorate-General for Atomic Energy and Security[citation needed].

On 12 December 2008, he was appointed an aide to the Director General of MMC Norilsk Nickel, a major Russian nickel-mining company.[10]

In 2012 he was nominated chief executive of Metal Trade Overseas, the main sales hub for Norilsk Nickel in Switzerland.[11]

In 2014 he started his own company, Romanoff & Partners, in Brussels.[12]

Heir to his mother[edit]

On 21 April 1992, upon the death of his maternal grandfather Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich, George's mother claimed to have succeeded as the sovereign and Curatrix of the Throne of Russia,[13] making him, to supporters of his mother, heir-apparent and tsarevich. He visited Russia for the first time shortly thereafter to attend the funeral of his grandfather.[8] His claim to the throne is contested, for reasons detailed in the article on the line of succession to the Russian throne.

In 1996, when he, his mother, and his grandmother Leonida returned to Russia after living in Madrid, one of President Boris Yeltsin's former bodyguards was assigned as tutor to the 15-year-old prince. He was also set to study at a Russian Naval college but these plans were dropped out of concern that he would be bullied.[14]

Distinctions[edit]

Titles, styles, and coat of arms[edit]

Styles of
George Mikhailovich of Russia
Coat of Arms of Russian Empire
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

N.B. However this title and his claim as heir to the Romanov Imperial House of Russia is disputed.

Orders[edit]

Russian dynastic orders[edit]

Foreign dynastic orders[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, p. 99, 111, 799 (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  2. ^ a b Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Band XIV. "Haus Preußen". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1991, p. 153. (German) ISBN 3-7980-0700-4.
  3. ^ Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp.82-84, 127, 152, 173. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
  4. ^ Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd (1973). Burke’s Guide to the Royal Family. London: Burke's Peerage. pp. 297, 302. ISBN 0-220-66222-3. 
  5. ^ [http://www.riuo.org/SUCCESSION_ENGLISH.pdf Succession to the Imperial throne of Russia.
  6. ^ Massie p. 264
  7. ^ a b c Massie, 270.
  8. ^ a b "Georgii Mikhailovich". imperialhouse.ru. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  9. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/a-long-memory-for-murder-1.67852
  10. ^ "Georgy Romanov appointed as Advisor to General Director of MMC Norilsk Nickel".
  11. ^ http://www.nornik.ru/en/about-norilsk-nickel/sales/our-sales
  12. ^ http://www.romanoffpartners.com/
  13. ^ Dynastic Succession
  14. ^ Slater, Wendy (2007). The Many Deaths of Tsar Nicholas II. Routledge. p. 56. ISBN 0-415-34516-2. 
  15. ^ http://www.imperialhouse.ru

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia
Born: 13 March 1981
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna
as Empress of Russia (Titular)
— TITULAR —
Tsesarevich
21 April 1992 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Russian Revolution leads to Abolition of monarchy and Dissolution of Russian Empire
Incumbent
Lines of succession
First Line of succession to the Russian Throne
1st position
Succeeded by
Prince Karl Emich of Leiningen
Preceded by
Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
Line of succession to the German throne
11th position
Succeeded by
Prince Franz Friedrich of Prussia
Preceded by
Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Victoria, German Empress Frederick, daughter of Queen Victoria)
Succeeded by
Prince Franz Friedrich of Prussia