Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (1863–1919)
|Grand Duke George Mikhailovich|
|Born||23 August 1863|
Bely Klyuch, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||28 January 1919 (aged 55)|
Petrograd, Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic
|Father||Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia|
|Mother||Princess Cecilie of Baden|
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (Russian: Георгий Михайлович; 23 August 1863 – 28 January 1919) was a Grand Duke of Russia, first cousin of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and a General in the Russian army. Born in Tbilisi while his father was the Governor-General of Russian provinces of Transcaucasia, he was the second surviving son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and Princess Cecily of Baden. His paternal grandparents were Emperor Nicholas I of Russia and Princess Charlotte of Prussia. His maternal grandparents were Grand Duke Leopold I of Baden and Princess Sophie of Sweden.
On 29 January 1919, Paul was moved to Peter and Paul Fortress in Petrograd, and in the early hours of the following day he was shot there by a firing squad, along with his brother, Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich, and his cousins Grand Dukes Paul Alexandrovich and Dmitri Constantinovich.
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Georgievna had two daughters:
- Princess Nina Georgievna of Russia (20 June 1901 – 27 February 1974); married in 1922 Prince Paul Chavchavadze, with whom she had one son, Prince David Chavchavadze.
- Princess Xenia Georgievna of Russia (22 August 1903 – 17 September 1965); married, firstly, in 1921, William Bateman Leeds, Jr., son of Princess Anastasia of Greece and Denmark; they divorced in 1930. Married, secondly, in 1946, Herman Jud. Xenia's only daughter, Nancy Leeds (1925–2006), married Edward Judson Wynkoop, Jr.
Honours and awards
The Grand Duke received several Russian and foreign decorations:
- Knight of the Order of St. Andrew
- Knight of the Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky
- Knight of the Order of St. Anna
- Knight (first class) of the Order of Saint Stanislaus
- Knight of the Order of the White Eagle
- Denmark : Knight of the Order of the Elephant, 7 September 1900
- Kingdom of Italy : Knight of the Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, 13 July 1902 – during a visit to Russia of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
- Principality of Montenegro: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Danilo I
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1896), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 62, 77
- Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 468. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
- Italy. Ministero dell'interno (1920). Calendario generale del regno d'Italia. p. 57.
- "Latest intelligence – Italy and Russia". The Times (36823). London. 18 July 1902. p. 3.
- Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 625.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Mikhailovich of Russia.|
- Alexander, Grand Duke of Russia. Once a Grand Duke. Cassell, London, 1932, ASIN: B000J3ZFL2
- Chavchavadze, David. The Grand Dukes, Atlantic, 1989, ISBN 0-938311-11-5
- Cockfield, Jamie H. White Crow: The Life and Times of the Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich Romanov 1859–1919. Praeger, 2002, ISBN 0-275-97778-1
- Marie Georgievna, Grand Duchess of Russia. A Romanov Diary: the Autobiography of the Grand Duchess Marie Georgievna of Russia. Gilbert's Books, 2012. ISBN 978-09865310-6-4
- King, Greg and Wilson, Penny. Gilded Prism: The Konstantinovichi Grand Dukes and the Last Years of the Romanov Dynasty . Eurohistory, 2006. ISBN 978-0977196142