Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia
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|Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich|
|Born||22 January 1864|
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
|Died||17 June 1931 (aged 67)|
|Father||Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia|
|Mother||Duchess Alexandra of Oldenburg|
Early life and marriage
He was born in Saint Petersburg. As was the custom for Russian Grand Dukes (the title applied to all sons and grandsons of a Russian Emperor), the Grand Duke Peter served in the Russian army as a Lt.-General and Adjutant-General.
- Princess Marina Petrovna of Russia (1892–1981)
- Prince Roman Petrovich of Russia (1896–1978)
- Princess Nadezhda Petrovna of Russia (1898–1988)
- Princess Sofia Petrovna of Russia (3 March 1898 – 3 March 1898); buried in the convent cemetery in Kiev by her grandmother, Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna, who was a nun there
Life at court
In 1907, his elder brother, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, married Grand Duchess Militza's sister, Princess Anastasia of Montenegro, known as Stana. The two couples were socially very influential at the Russian Imperial Court in the early 20th century. The Grand Duke joined a cult nick-named "the black peril", a group interested in the occult. They are credited with introducing first a charlatan mystic named merely Philippe, and then, with graver consequences, Grigori Rasputin (1869–1916) to the Imperial family. Prince Felix Yussupov (1887–1967) – who was their neighbour in Koreiz – once described Znamenka, the Grand Duke and Duchess's palace, as "the central point of the powers of evil". This was later to be a widely held belief within the higher echelons of the divided Russian court. The Dowager Empress Marie firmly believed that the couple plotted with Rasputin and others to gain influence and favours through the neurotic Empress Alexandra (1872–1918). However, by 1914, Alexandra herself referred to them as "the black family" and felt herself to be manipulated by them.
Honours and awards
The Grand Duke received several Russian and foreign decorations:
- Knight of St. Andrew, 1864
- Knight of St. Alexander Nevsky, 1864
- Knight of St. Anna, Knight 1st Class, 1864
- Knight of the White Eagle, 1864
- Knight of St. Stanislaus, 1st Class, 11 June 1865
- Knight of St. Vladimir, 4th Class, 1887; 3rd Class, 1901; 2nd Class, 1911
- Grand Duchy of Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, 12 July 1880
- Grand Duchy of Hesse: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 15 June 1884
- Kingdom of Prussia: Knight of the Black Eagle, 16 September 1884
- Grand Duchy of Baden:
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, 4 March 1896
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight of the Most Holy Annunciation, 9 August 1900 - during a visit to Russia of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
- Kingdom of Montenegro: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Danilo I
The couple escaped the Russian Revolution to the south of France. Here Grand Duke Peter Nicholaievich died at Cap d'Antibes, near Antibes on 17 June 1931. His wife died in Alexandria, Egypt in September 1951.
|Ancestors of Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia|
- Russian Imperial Army - Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (In Russian)
- "Ludewigs-orden", Großherzoglich Hessische Ordensliste (in German), Darmstadt: Staatsverlag, 1914, p. 5 – via hathitrust.org
- "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), vol. 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 9 – via hathitrust.org
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1896), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 62, 77
- WATTEL Michel et Béatrice, Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur. De 1805 à nos jours, titulaires français et étrangers, Archives et Culture, 2009
- Italy. Ministero dell'interno (1920). Calendario generale del regno d'Italia. p. 57.
- "Latest intelligence - Italy and Russia". The Times. No. 36823. London. 18 July 1902. p. 3.
- Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 619.