Grand Mosque of Bursa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bursa Grand Mosque
Ulu Camii
Ulucami,Bursa - panoramio.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationBursa, Turkey
Grand Mosque of Bursa is located in Turkey
Grand Mosque of Bursa
Location of the mosque in Turkey
Geographic coordinates40°11′02″N 29°03′42″E / 40.18389°N 29.06167°E / 40.18389; 29.06167Coordinates: 40°11′02″N 29°03′42″E / 40.18389°N 29.06167°E / 40.18389; 29.06167
Architecture
Architect(s)Ali Neccar
Architectural typeMosque
Architectural styleIslamic, Seljuk architecture
Groundbreaking1396
Completed1399; 620 years ago (1399)
Specifications
Dome(s)20
Minaret(s)2
Website
www.bursaulucamii.com/%20BursaUluCamii.com

Bursa Grand Mosque (Turkish: Ulu Cami) is a mosque in Bursa, Turkey. Built in the Seljuk style, it was ordered by the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and built between 1396 and 1399. The mosque has 20 domes and 2 minarets.

The Mosque[edit]

Watch a Video: Interior of Grand Mosque of Bursa, 2017.

Ulu Cami is the largest mosque in Bursa and a landmark of early Ottoman architecture which used many elements from the Seljuk architecture. Ordered by Sultan Bayezid I, the mosque was designed and built by architect Ali Neccar in 1396–1399. It is a large rectangular building, with twenty domes arranged in four rows of five that are supported by twelve columns. Supposedly the twenty domes were built instead of the twenty separate mosques which Sultan Bayezid I had promised for winning the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. The mosque has two minarets.

There is also a fountain (şadırvan) inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight which creates a soft light below, playing an important role in the illumination of the large building.

The horizontally spacious and dimly lit interior is designed to feel peaceful and contemplative. The subdivisions of space formed by multiple domes and pillars create a sense of privacy and even intimacy.

Islamic Calligraphy[edit]

Inside the mosque there are 192 monumental wall inscriptions written by the famous Ottoman calligraphers of that period. The mosque has one of the greatest examples of Islamic calligraphy in the world. The Calligraphy is written on the walls, columns and on small and large plates.

The mosque is located in the old city center of Bursa on the Atatürk Blvd.

Gallery[edit]

Inside panorama view of the mosque, August 2009.

References[edit]

External links[edit]