Grand National Alliance (Guatemala)

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Grand National Alliance
Gran Alianza Nacional
Secretary-General Jaime Martínez Lohayza
Founded 30 August 2002 (2002-08-30) (alliance)
26 June 2005 (2005-06-26) (unified party)
Headquarters 6ª. Avenida 3-44 Zona 9, Guatemala City, Guatemala
Ideology Conservatism
Political position Centre-right to Right-wing
International affiliation None
Colors          Blue and red
Seats in Congress
8 / 158

The Grand National Alliance (Gran Alianza Nacional, GANA) is a right-wing[1] conservative[2][3] political party in Guatemala. The acronym "GANA" also spells out the word gana, from the verb ganar, "to win".

Formation and 2003 election[edit]

GANA was created as an electoral alliance to fight the 2003 general election. In that election, held on 9 November 2003, the Grand National Alliance, won 24.3% of the vote, and 47 out of 158 seats in Congress. The presidential candidate of the alliance, Óscar Berger Perdomo, won 34.3% at the presidential elections of the same day. He won 54.1% at the second round and was elected president.

The alliance was made up of the following parties:

Evolution and 2007 election[edit]

The Patriotic Party broke with the alliance in the early months of Óscar Berger's administration. [1] In November 2005, the National Solidarity Party ceded its electoral registration to GANA, with which the Grand National Alliance ceased to be an alliance and became a party. In August 2006, the Reform Movement withdrew its support from GANA. [2]

GANA's candidate in the 2007 presidential election was former director of the national prison service Alejandro Giammattei. He came in third place in the election, with 17% of the vote. Despite the splits in the party, it did relatively well in the congressional elections, receiving 37 seats and becoming the second largest party in Congress.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ González, Pablo (2014), "Guatemala", Handbook of Central American Governance, Routledge, p. 406 
  2. ^ Carmack, Robert M. (2008), "Perspectives on the Politics of Human Rights in Guatemala", Human Rights in the Maya Region: Global Politics, Cultural Contentions, and Moral Engagements, Duke University Press, p. 61 
  3. ^ Isaacs, Anita (2006), "Guatemala", Countries at the Crossroads: A Survey of Democratic Governance 2006, Rowman & Littlefields, p. 146