Grand Paris Express

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Grand Paris Express
Overview
OwnerRATP
LocaleÎle-de-France
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines6 (4 new lines, 2 extended lines)
Number of stations68[1]
Operation
Operation will start2024 (Line 14 Northern extension)
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Technical
System length200 km (120 mi)[2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

Grand Paris Express is a group of new rapid transit lines being built in the Île-de-France region of France. The project comprises four new lines for Paris Métro, plus extensions of existing Lines 11 and 14. A total of 200 kilometres (120 mi) of new track and 68 new stations are to be added, serving a projected 2 million passengers a day.[3]

The new lines were originally indexed by colour (Red Line, Pink Line, Green Line), but this changed in 2013 to continue the numbering convention that the RATP uses. The new lines are therefore now known as 15, 16, 17 and 18. They are planned to open in stages through 2030.[4]

Since August 2013, the New Grand Paris steering committee has met quarterly.[5] The first public inquiry, focused on the southern section of Line 15 from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy–Champs, was held from October to mid-November 2013.[6] Work on line 15 began in 2015. Its first section between Pont de Sèvres Métro station and Noisy–Champs RER A station was scheduled at that time to open around 2020, but this has now been pushed back to 2025. This line was first proposed in the Orbival project, then integrated into the Arc Express.

Line 11 extension[edit]

Line 11
proposed extension
proposed extension
Noisy–Champs
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15Paris Métro Line 16** RERRER A
Neuilly–Hôpitaux
Neuilly–Les Fauvettes
Villemomble
Rosny Maintenance Centre
Rosny–Bois Perrier
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15* RERRER E
Côteaux Beauclair
La Dhuys
Montreuil–Hôpital
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9*
Romainville–Carnot
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1**
Serge Gainsbourg
under construction
Lilas Shops
Mairie des Lilas
Porte des Lilas
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3bis Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Télégraphe
Place des Fêtes
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7bis
Jourdain
Pyrénées
Belleville
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 2
Goncourt
République
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 9
Arts et Métiers
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3
Rambuteau
Hôtel de Ville
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1
Victoria Depôt
Châtelet Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 7Paris Métro Line 14 RERRER ARER BRER D
(*) Planned     (**) Under construction

To ensure better commuter service to the inner Northeastern suburbs, a six-station, 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) eastbound extension of Line 11 is under construction from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-sous-Bois. The scheme was initially lobbied for by the local authorities of these suburbs, and was adopted during the 2007 review of the Île-de-France Transportation Plan. Work on the extension to Rosny – Bois-Perrier started in 2015 and it is expected to open by the end of 2023.[7] It will provide new connections with the RER E and the extended Île-de-France tramway Line 1, which it will better link to central Paris and the commuter hub of Châtelet–Les Halles.

List of new stations and connections (with expected opening dates)
New stations Towns served Connection Expected
opening
date[7]
Serge Gainsbourg Les Lilas 2023
Place Carnot Romainville, Noisy-le-Sec Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Montreuil Hôpital Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec Paris Métro Line 9 (potential)
La Dhuys Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois
Côteaux Beauclair Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois
Rosny – Bois-Perrier Rosny-sous-Bois RERRER E

Revisions in the Grand Paris Express Plan and possible automation[edit]

A revised plan for the proposed Grand Paris Express subway system was unveiled on 6 March 2013, and calls for a second extension of Line 11 to be built towards Noisy-Champs. The target opening date is 2030, but might be pushed back. Should the second extension be built, Line 11 will eventually be fully automated.[8] Automatic train operation is not currently planned for the Rosny extension, although the RATP and STIF had considered the possibility of adding it later on.

Rolling stock[edit]

As of March 2013, it was expected that additional MP 14 stock will be used for line 11. Unlike lines 14 and 4, these MP 14's will be manually driven and will replace the MP 59. As of October 2022, the trains are currently in test at the Rosny extension. Passenger service is expected to start in summer 2023.

Line 14 extension[edit]

Line 14
Saint-Denis Pleyel
RERRER D future Paris Métro Line 15Paris Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17
Up arrow extension under construction
Mairie de Saint-Ouen
Paris Métro Line 13 future Paris Métro Line 4
SMR Docks de Saint-Ouen
Saint-Ouen
RERRER C
Porte de Clichy
Paris Métro Line 13 RERRER C Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Pont Cardinet
TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Saint-Lazare
Paris Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 9Paris Métro Line 12Paris Métro Line 13 RERRER E SNCF TransilienTransilien Line J (Paris-Saint-Lazare)Transilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare) Paris-Saint-Lazare
Madeleine
Paris Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 12
Pyramides
Paris Métro Line 7
Châtelet
Paris Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 7Paris Métro Line 11 RERRER ARER BRER D
Gare de Lyon
Paris Métro Line 1 RERRER ARER D SNCF TransilienTransilien Line R (Paris-Gare-de-Lyon) Paris-Gare-de-Lyon
Bercy
Paris Métro Line 6
Cour Saint-Émilion
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
RERRER C future Paris Métro Line 10
Olympiades
Down arrow extension under construction
Maison Blanche
Paris Métro Line 7
Hôpital Bicêtre
Villejuif - Gustave Roussy
 future Paris Métro Line 15
L'Haÿ-les-Roses
Chevilly-Larue
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7
Thiais - Orly
RERRER C
Orly Airport
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval future TGV Paris Métro Line 18

Disabled access all stations are accessible

Northern extension of line 14[edit]

The automated Line 14 was extended north from Saint-Lazare to Mairie de Saint-Ouen, with the primary aim of reducing overcrowding on line 13.[9] The adopted solution connects both branches of line 13 to line 14, with stations at Porte de Clichy on the Asnières – Gennevilliers branch and Mairie de Saint-Ouen on the Saint-Denis branch. An additional station connects with the Saint-Ouen RER C station, and another with the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare lines at Pont-Cardinet, and the final one with the RER D at Saint-Denis Pleyel. Construction on the extension began in 2014, with an aim of completion by 2019.[10] Completion was later pushed back to 2020 after flooding from the water table stopped the tunnel works for a year. The covid-19 pandemic then further delayed the opening to December 2020.[11] By mid-2024, promptly before the Olympics, the extension should be open.

Southern extension of line 14[edit]

Line 14 is also being extended south from Olympiades towards Orly Airport. The extension will travel southeastward from Olympiades to Maison Blanche, with a possible connection to Line 7's Villejuif branch, with a planned opening in 2024 (promptly before the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris).

When both extensions are complete, it is expected that Line 14 will eventually be merged into the proposed Grand Paris Express system.[12]

Rolling stock[edit]

1/10 scale model of the MP 89 for M2 line of Lausanne Métro, of the same type as for line 14

In February 2012 the STIF announced that with the two extensions planned, the brand new MP 14 class of rolling stock will replace the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock on Line 14 starting from 2020. This new stock would be in eight-car train formations, something not yet employed on the Paris Métro but allowed by the length of all Line 14 stations. The current MP 89CA and MP 05 stock would then be reassigned to line 4, alongside some 6-car MP 14s. They will replace the manually driven MP 89 CC rolling stock, which will be refurbished before going to line 6 to replace the aging MP 73 rolling stock .[13]

Line 15[edit]

Line 15
Paris Métro Line 15
Overview
TerminiNoisy–Champs
Champigny Centre
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Line 13 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17 Paris Métro Line 18
Stations36
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Rolling stockAlstom Metropolis MR6V
History
Opened2025–2030
Technical
Line length75 km (47 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Route map
Tracé ligne 15 Grand Paris Express.svg
Line 15
Noisy–Champs
Paris Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 16 RERRER A
Bry–Villiers–Champigny
RERRER E TransilienTransilien Line P (Paris-Est)
Champigny Centre
RERRER E
Nogent–Le Perreux
RERRER ARER E Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Val de Fontenay
Saint-Maur–Créteil
RERRER A
Paris Métro Line 11 RERRER E
Rosny-Bois-Perrier
RERRER E Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 4
Bondy
Créteil–L'Échat
Paris Métro Line 8
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Pont de Bondy
Le Vert de Maisons
RERRER D
Paris Métro Line 5 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Bobigny–Pablo Picasso
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Bobigny–Drancy
Les Ardoines
RERRER C
Paris Métro Line 7
Fort d'Aubervilliers
Vitry Centre
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 9
Paris Métro Line 12
Mairie d'Aubervilliers
Villejuif–Louis Aragon
Paris Métro Line 7 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7
RERRER B
Stade de France
Villejuif - Gustave Roussy
Paris Métro Line 14
Paris Métro Line 14Paris Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17 RERRER D
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Arcueil–Cachan
RERRER B
Bagneux–Lucie Aubrac
Paris Métro Line 4
RERRER C
Les Grésillons
Châtillon–Montrouge
Paris Métro Line 13 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 6
Paris Métro Line 13
Les Agnettes
Fort d'Issy–Vanves–Clamart
TransilienTransilien Line N (Paris-Montparnasse)
TransilienTransilien Line J (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Bois-Colombes
Issy
RERRER C
TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Bécon-les-Bruyères
Paris Métro Line 1 RERRER ARER E TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)Transilien Line U Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
 La Défense
Pont de Sèvres
Paris Métro Line 9 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
Paris Métro Line 18 RERRER A
Nanterre La Folie
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Nanterre La Boule
Saint-Cloud
TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)Transilien Line U
Rueil–Suresnes–Mont Valérien

Line 15 will be a high-capacity underground rail line, providing a new ring line around Paris in the departments of Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis. It will enable direct journeys between the suburbs, bypassing Paris.[14][15] The configuration of the line is very similar to that of the Arc Express, proposed by the RATP in 2006. It was later included in the red line project of the Grand Paris public transportation network, introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009. In March 2013, the "New Grand Paris" project was announced by the Prime Minister at the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. At this time, the line acquired its current line 15 naming.[16]

Line 15 is planned to open in phases from 2025 through 2030.[17] It will create a loop connecting Noisy–Champs to Champigny, passing through Champigny-sur-Marne, Créteil, Villejuif, La Défense, Saint-Denis and Rosny-sous-Bois.

Proposed timeline[edit]

On 22 February 2018, a new timeline is announced by Prime minister Édouard Philippe:[18]

  • During 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early 2015: Groundbreaking of the southern section spanning Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs.
  • 2024, postponed to 2025 in September 2018: Southern section from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy-Champs put into service.
  • 2030: western section from Pont de Sèvres to Saint-Denis Pleyel and eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre put into service.

Previous timeline[edit]

In 2013, the government led by Ayrault proposed this timeline for the line 15 project:[19][20]

  • 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early-2015: Groundbreaking for the southern section between Pont-de-Sèvres and Noisy–Champs.
  • 2020: Groundbreaking of the section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier on the northern section.
  • 2022: Southern section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs opens.
  • Early 2025: Segments from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier of the northern section put into service.
  • 2025: Groundbreaking of the segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section.
  • Early 2030: Segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section put into service.
  • End of 2030: Northern section from Rosny to Champigny completed.

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for line 15 is a new automated design, using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification, with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in). Alstom has been chosen to build these trains. The names of the trains are the Alstom Metropolis MR3V/MR6V (MR6Y (6-car variant for line 15) and MR3Y (3-car variant for lines 16 and 17)) [1]

The specifications of the trains travelling line 15 and their operation are as follows:[21][22]

  • Train width: 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in) minimum
  • Train length: 108 metres (354 ft), made up of 6 cars with full-open interior gangways
  • Train capacity: 960 passengers (at 4 passengers per m²)
  • Bearings: iron
  • Electric traction current: 1500 volt direct current via pantograph and contact wires[23]
  • Operation: Fully automated
  • Maximum speed: 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)[24]
  • Operating speed: 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph)[24]
  • Theoretical morning rush hour throughput: 34 560 passengers per hour[25]
  • Average interval: 3 to 4 minutes[24]
  • Minimum interval: 2 minutes[24]

Lines 16 and 17[edit]

Line 16
Paris Métro Line 16
Overview
TerminiNoisy–Champs
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 17
Stations10
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Rolling stockAlstom Metropolis MR3V
History
Opened2026-2028
Technical
Line length25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Line 17
Paris Métro Line 17
Overview
TerminiLe Mesnil-Amelot
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 16
Stations9
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
Rolling stockAlstom Metropolis MR3V
History
Opened2026–2030
Technical
Line length25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Lines 16 & 17
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 16
Noisy – Champs
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 15 RERRER A
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 17
Le Mesnil–Amelot
Chelles–Gournay
RERRER E
CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 4
Clichy–Montfermeil
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 4
RERRER B CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 2
Sevran – Livry
RERRER B
RERRER B
Parc des Expositions
Sevran – Beaudottes
RERRER B
RERRER D
Triangle de Gonesse
Aulnay
Le Bourget Aéroport
Le Blanc–Mesnil
Le Bourget
RERRER B Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 11
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 
La Courneuve–Six Routes
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14Paris Métro Line 15 RERRER D
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17 

Line 16 is planned to open in between 2026 and 2028.

Line 17 is planned to open in phases between 2026 and 2030.

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for lines 16 and 17 is a new automated design with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification. The rolling stocks for the line is the Alstom Metropolis MR3V (3-car variant) [2]

Line 18[edit]

Line 18
Paris Métro Line 18
Overview
TerminiVersailles-Chantiers
Orly airport
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15
Stations13
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)Will be retained by Ile de France Mobilités after a call for tenders
History
Opened2026–2030
Technical
Line length50 km (31 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Route map

Nanterre-La Folie
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15 RERRER E
Rueil
proposed
Versailles – Chantiers
RERRER C
Satory
Saint-Quentin Université
Saint-Quentin Est
CEA Saint-Aubin
Orsay Gif
Palaiseau
Massy – Palaiseau
RERRER BRER C
Massy-Opéra
Antonypole
Orly Airport
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval

Line 18 is planned to open in phases between 2026 and 2030.[4]

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for line 18 is a new automated design with a width of 2.45 metres (8 ft 0 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and third rail electrification. Alstom has been chosen to build these trains. The rolling stock that will run on line 18 is MRV (Paris Métro)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Metro: a Parisian institution". RATP. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2014. The Montmartre funicular is considered to be part of the metro system, within which is represented by a 303rd fictive station "Funiculaire".
  2. ^ "Brief history of the Paris metro". france.fr – The official website of France. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Grand Paris Express, the largest transport project in Europe". Société du Grand Paris. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Création des nouvelles lignes reliant le Nouveau Grand Paris". STIF (in French). Archived from the original on 19 November 2014.
  5. ^ Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie (28 August 2013). "Installation du comité de pilotage du Nouveau Grand Paris". developpement-durable.gouv.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Métro ligne 15 – STIF". stif.org. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Prolongement de la ligne 11: le tunnelier inauguré, six nouvelles stations de métro en 2023". France 3 Paris Ile-de-France (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Nouveau Grand Paris» : l'État engage 27 milliards pour le métro parisien" (in French). 6 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Prolongement de la ligne 14 de Saint-Lazare à Mairie de Saint-Ouen" (in French). RATP. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  10. ^ à 13h09, Par Julien Duffé Le 23 octobre 2014 (23 October 2014). "Grand Paris : le prolongement des lignes 12 et 14 du métro retardé de deux ans". Le Parisien.
  11. ^ "A Paris, la ligne 14 du métro en plein essor, la 13 toujours aussi chargée". Le Monde. 5 March 2021.
  12. ^ (in French) http://www.symbioz.net/index.php?id=99 Grand Paris Express
  13. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Modernisation du métro (in French). STIF. Retrieved 11 February 2012
  14. ^ "Acte motivé". societedugrandparis.fr. 26 May 2011. pp. 34, 35, 45. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  15. ^ "ratp.fr – The Greater Paris Express project". ratp.fr. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Le Nouveau Grand Paris : pour une région compétitive et solidaire". archives.gouvernement.fr. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Grand Paris Express" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  18. ^ "La nouvelle feuille de route du Grand Paris Express". societedugrandparis.fr. 22 February 2018..
  19. ^ Service de presse de Matignon (6 March 2013). "Le Nouveau Grand Paris" (PDF). archives.gouvernement.fr/. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  20. ^ Boughriet, Rachida (28 August 2013). "Nouveau Grand Paris : le comité de pilotage installé". Actu Environnement. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  21. ^ Préfecture d'Île-de-France. "Dossier d'enquête préalable à la déclaration d'utilité publique – Tronçon Pont-de-Sèvres < > Noisy–Champs (Ligne rouge – 15 Sud) – Pièce C – Présentation du programme" (PDF). enquetepubliquelignerouge15sud.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  22. ^ Gabriel, Oihana (6 March 2013). "Transports: Le Grand Paris rebaptisé et précisé". 20 minutes. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  23. ^ Ragu, Didier (11 September 2013). "Egis et Setec décrochent un gros lot du Grand Paris". Usinenouvelle.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  24. ^ a b c d "Une offre adaptée aux territoires". Société du Grand Paris. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  25. ^ Société du Grand Paris (18 October 2010). "Étude Prévisions de trafic (RATP)" (PDF). cpdp.debatpublic.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.

External links[edit]