Grand Paris Express
Grand Paris Express is a group of new rapid transit lines being built in the Île-de-France region of France. The project comprises four new lines, plus extensions of existing Lines 11 and 14. A total of 200 kilometres (120 mi) of new track and 68 new stations are to be added, serving a projected 2 million passengers a day.
The new lines were originally indexed by colour (Red Line, Pink Line, Green Line), but this changed in 2013 to continue the numbering convention that the RATP uses. The new lines are therefore now known as 15, 16, 17 and 18. They are planned to open in stages through 2030.
Since August 2013, the New Grand Paris steering committee has met once a trimester. The first public inquiry, focused on the southern section of Line 15 from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy–Champs, was held from October to mid-November, 2013. Work on line 15 began in 2015, with its first section scheduled to open around 2020 between Pont de Sèvres Métro station and Noisy–Champs RER A station. This line was first proposed in the Orbival project, then integrated into the Arc Express.
Line 11 extension
In order to ensure better commuter service to the inner Northeastern suburbs, a six-station, 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) eastbound extension of Line 11 is under construction from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-sous-Bois. The scheme was initially lobbied for by the local authorities of these suburbs, and was adopted during the 2007 review of the Île-de-France Transportation Plan. Work on the extension to Rosny – Bois-Perrier started in 2015 and it is expected to open by 2021. It will provide new connections with the RER E and the extended Île-de-France tramway Line 1, which it will better link to downtown Paris and the commuter hub of Châtelet–Les Halles.
|New stations||Towns served||Connection||Expected|
|Serge Gainsbourg||Les Lilas||2023|
|Place Carnot||Romainville, Noisy-le-Sec|
|Montreuil Hôpital||Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec|
|La Dhuys||Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois|
|Côteaux Beauclair||Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois|
|Rosny – Bois-Perrier||Rosny-sous-Bois|
Revisions in the Grand Paris Express Plan and possible automation
A revised plan for the proposed Grand Paris Express subway system was unveiled on March 6, 2013, and calls for a second extension of Line 11 to be built towards Noisy-Champs. The target opening date is 2030, but might be pushed back. Should the second extension be built, Line 11 will eventually be fully automated. Automatic train operation is not currently planned for the Rosny extension, although the RATP and STIF had considered the possibility of adding it later on.
As of March 2013, it was expected that additional MP 14 stock will be used for line 11.
Line 14 extension
The automated Line 14 is being extended north from Saint-Lazare, with the primary aim of reducing overcrowding on line 13. The adopted solution connects both branches of line 13 to line 14, with stations at Porte de Clichy on the Asnières – Gennevilliers branch and Mairie de Saint-Ouen on the Saint-Denis branch. An additional station will connect with the Saint-Ouen RER C station, and another with the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare lines at Pont-Cardinet, and the final one with the RER D at Stade de France – Saint-Denis. Construction on the extension began in 2014, with an aim of completion by 2019. Completion was later delayed to mid-2020 after the tunnel works were stopped for a year by flooding from the water table.
When both extensions are complete, it is expected that Line 14 will eventually be merged into the proposed Grand Paris Express system.
In February 2012 the STIF announced that with the two extensions planned, the brand new MP 14 class of rolling stock will replace the current MP 89CA (and upcoming MP 05) stock on Line 14 in about 2020. This new stock would be in eight-car train formations, something not yet employed on the Métro but allowed by the length of all Line 14 stations, and the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock would be reassigned to other lines.
|Line length||75 km (47 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Line 15 will be a high-capacity underground rail line, providing a new ring line around Paris in the departments of Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis. It will enable direct transportation between the suburbs, bypassing Paris and thus avoiding transloading. The configuration of the line is very similar to that of the Arc Express, proposed by the RATP in 2006. It was later included in the red line project of the Grand Paris public transportation network, introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009. In March 2013, the "New Grand Paris" project was announced by the Prime Minister at the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. At this time, the line acquired its current line 15 naming.
Line 15 is planned to open in phases from 2020 through 2030. It will create a loop connecting Noisy–Champs to Champigny, passing through Champigny-sur-Marne, Créteil, Villejuif, La Défense, Saint-Denis and Rosny-sous-Bois.
- 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
- Early-2015: Groundbreaking for the southern section between Pont-de-Sèvres and Noisy–Champs.
- 2020: Groundbreaking of the section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier on the northern section.
- 2022: Southern section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs opens.
- Early 2025: Segments from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier of the northern section put into service.
- 2025: Groundbreaking of the segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section.
- Early 2030: Segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section put into service.
- End of 2030: Northern section from Rosny to Champigny completed.
The proposed rolling stock for line 15 is a new automated design, using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification, with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in).
- Train width: 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in) minimum
- Train length: 108 metres (354 ft), made up of 6 cars with full-open interior gangways
- Train capacity: 960 passengers (at 4 passengers per m²)
- Bearings: iron
- Electric traction current: 1500 volt direct current via pantograph and contact wires
- Operation: Fully automated
- Maximum speed: 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)
- Operating speed: 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph)
- Theoretical morning rush hour throughput: 34 560 passengers per hour
- Average interval: 3 to 4 minutes
- Minimum interval: 2 minutes
Lines 16 and 17
Line 16 is planned to open in 2023.
Line 17 is planned to open in phases between 2025 and 2030.
The proposed rolling stock for lines 16 and 17 is a new automated design with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification.
|Line length||50 km (31 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Line 18 is planned to open in phases between 2023 and 2030.
The proposed rolling stock for line 18 is a new automated design with a width of 2.45 metres (8 ft 0 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and third rail electrification.
- "Grand Paris Express, the largest transport project in Europe". Société du Grand Paris. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- "Création des nouvelles lignes reliant le Nouveau Grand Paris". STIF (in French). Archived from the original on 2014-11-19.
- Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie (2013-08-28). "Installation du comité de pilotage du Nouveau Grand Paris". www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "Métro ligne 15 – STIF". stif.org. Archived from the original on 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "Prolongement de la ligne 11 : le tunnelier inauguré, six nouvelles stations de métro en 2023". France 3 Paris Ile-de-France (in French). Retrieved 2020-06-06.
- http://www.lesechos.fr/06/03/2013/lesechos.fr/0202626990936_-nouveau-grand-paris----l-etat-engage-27-milliards-pour-le-metro-parisien.htm Nouveau Grand Paris» : l'État engage 27 milliards pour le métro parisien – 3/6/13 (In French)
- "Prolongement de la ligne 14 de Saint-Lazare à Mairie de Saint-Ouen" (in French). RATP. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- http://www.leparisien.fr/transports/projets/grand-paris-le-prolongement-de-la-ligne-14-du-metro-retarde-a-mi-2019-23-10-2014-4236029.php (in French)
- (in French) http://www.symbioz.net/index.php?id=99 Grand Paris Express
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-14. Retrieved 2012-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Modernisation du métro (in French). STIF. Retrieved on 11 February 2012
- "Acte motivé". www.societedugrandparis.fr. 2011-05-26. pp. 34, 35, 45. Archived from the original on 2015-07-08. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "ratp.fr – The Greater Paris Express project". www.ratp.fr. Archived from the original on 2015-08-01. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "Le Nouveau Grand Paris : pour une région compétitive et solidaire". archives.gouvernement.fr. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "Grand Paris Express" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- Service de presse de Matignon (2013-03-06). "Le Nouveau Grand Paris" (PDF). http://archives.gouvernement.fr/. Retrieved 2015-06-21. External link in
- Boughriet, Rachida (2013-08-28). "Nouveau Grand Paris : le comité de pilotage installé". Actu Environnement. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Préfecture d'Île-de-France. "Dossier d'enquête préalable à la déclaration d'utilité publique – Tronçon Pont-de-Sèvres < > Noisy–Champs (Ligne rouge – 15 Sud) – Pièce C – Présentation du programme" (PDF). www.enquetepubliquelignerouge15sud.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Gabriel, Oihana (2013-03-06). "Transports: Le Grand Paris rebaptisé et précisé". 20 minutes. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Ragu, Didier (2013-09-11). "Egis et Setec décrochent un gros lot du Grand Paris". Usinenouvelle.com/. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "Une offre adaptée aux territoires". Société du Grand Paris. 2014-04-01. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Société du Grand Paris (2010-10-18). "Étude Prévisions de trafic (RATP)" (PDF). cpdp.debatpublic.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- (in French) Official website