Grand Paris Express

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The planned network of the Grand Paris Express

Grand Paris Express is a group of new rapid transit lines being built in the Île-de-France region of France. The project comprises four new lines for Paris Métro, plus extensions of existing Lines 11 and 14. A total of 200 kilometres (120 mi) of new track and 68 new stations are to be added, serving a projected 2 million passengers a day.[1]

The new lines were originally indexed by colour (Red Line, Pink Line, Green Line), but this changed in 2013 to continue the numbering convention that the RATP uses. The new lines are therefore now known as 15, 16, 17 and 18. They are planned to open in stages through 2030.[2]

Since August 2013, the New Grand Paris steering committee has met quarterly.[3] The first public inquiry, focused on the southern section of Line 15 from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy–Champs, was held from October to mid-November 2013.[4] Work on line 15 began in 2015, with its first section scheduled at that time to open around 2020 between Pont de Sèvres Métro station and Noisy–Champs RER A station. This line was first proposed in the Orbival project, then integrated into the Arc Express.

Line 11 extension[edit]

Line 11
proposed extension
proposed extension
Noisy–Champs
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15Paris Métro Line 16** RERRER A
Neuilly–Hôpitaux
Neuilly–Les Fauvettes
Villemomble
Rosny Maintenance Centre
Rosny–Bois-Perrier
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15* RERRER E
Côteaux Beauclair
La Dhuys
Montreuil - Hôpital
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9*
Place Carnot
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1**
Serge Gainsbourg
under construction
Lilas Shops
Mairie des Lilas
Porte des Lilas
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3bis Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Télégraphe
Place des Fêtes
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7bis
Jourdain
Pyrénées
Belleville
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 2
Goncourt
République
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 9
Arts et Métiers
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3
Rambuteau
Hôtel de Ville
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1
Victoria Depôt
Châtelet Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 7Paris Métro Line 14 RERRER ARER BRER D
(*) Planned     (**) Under construction

To ensure better commuter service to the inner Northeastern suburbs, a six-station, 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) eastbound extension of Line 11 is under construction from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-sous-Bois. The scheme was initially lobbied for by the local authorities of these suburbs, and was adopted during the 2007 review of the Île-de-France Transportation Plan. Work on the extension to Rosny – Bois-Perrier started in 2015 and it is expected to open by 2023.[5] It will provide new connections with the RER E and the extended Île-de-France tramway Line 1, which it will better link to downtown Paris and the commuter hub of Châtelet–Les Halles.

List of new stations and connections (with expected opening dates)
New stations Towns served Connection Expected
opening
date[6]
Serge Gainsbourg Les Lilas 2023
Place Carnot Romainville, Noisy-le-Sec Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Montreuil Hôpital Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec
La Dhuys Montreuil, Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois
Côteaux Beauclair Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois
Rosny – Bois-Perrier Rosny-sous-Bois RERRER E

Revisions in the Grand Paris Express Plan and possible automation[edit]

A revised plan for the proposed Grand Paris Express subway system was unveiled on 6 March 2013, and calls for a second extension of Line 11 to be built towards Noisy-Champs. The target opening date is 2030, but might be pushed back. Should the second extension be built, Line 11 will eventually be fully automated.[7] Automatic train operation is not currently planned for the Rosny extension, although the RATP and STIF had considered the possibility of adding it later on.

Rolling stock[edit]

As of March 2013, it was expected that additional MP 14 stock will be used for line 11.

Line 14 extension[edit]

Line 14
Saint-Denis Pleyel
RERRER D future Paris Métro Line 15Paris Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17
Up arrow extension under construction
Mairie de Saint-Ouen
Paris Métro Line 13 future Paris Métro Line 4
Shops
Saint-Ouen
RERRER C
Porte de Clichy
Paris Métro Line 13 RERRER C Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Pont Cardinet
TransilienTransilien
Saint-Lazare
Paris Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 9Paris Métro Line 12Paris Métro Line 13 RERRER E SNCF TransilienTransilienTransilien Paris-Saint-Lazare
Madeleine
Paris Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 12
Pyramides
Paris Métro Line 7
Châtelet
Paris Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 7Paris Métro Line 11 RERRER ARER BRER D
Gare de Lyon
Paris Métro Line 1 RERRER ARER D SNCF TransilienTransilien Paris-Gare-de-Lyon
Bercy
Paris Métro Line 6
Cour Saint-Émilion
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
RERRER C future Paris Métro Line 10
Olympiades
Tolbiac Nationale Shops
Down arrow extension under construction
Maison Blanche
Paris Métro Line 7
Kremlin-Bicêtre Hôpital
Villejuif - Institut-Gustave-Roussy
 future Paris Métro Line 15
Chevilly - Trois Communes
M.I.N. Porte de Thiais
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7
Pont de Rungis
RERRER C
Orly Airport
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval future TGV Paris Métro Line 18

Northern extension of line 14[edit]

The automated Line 14 was extended north from Saint-Lazare, with the primary aim of reducing overcrowding on line 13.[8] The adopted solution connects both branches of line 13 to line 14, with stations at Porte de Clichy on the Asnières – Gennevilliers branch and Mairie de Saint-Ouen on the Saint-Denis branch. An additional station connects with the Saint-Ouen RER C station, and another with the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare lines at Pont-Cardinet, and the final one with the RER D at Saint-Denis Pleyel. Construction on the extension began in 2014, with an aim of completion by 2019.[9] Completion was later pushed back to 2020 after flooding from the water table stopped the tunnel works for a year. The covid-19 pandemics then further delayed the opening to December 2020.[10]

Southern extension of line 14[edit]

Line 14 is also being extended south towards Orly Airport. The extension will travel southeastward from Olympiades to Maison Blanche, with a possible connection to Line 7's Villejuif branch, with a planned opening in 2024.

When both extensions are complete, it is expected that Line 14 will eventually be merged into the proposed Grand Paris Express system.[11]

Rolling stock[edit]

1/10 scale model of the MP 89 for M2 line of Lausanne Métro, of the same type as for line 14

In February 2012 the STIF announced that with the two extensions planned, the brand new MP 14 class of rolling stock will replace the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock on Line 14 starting from 2020. This new stock would be in eight-car train formations, something not yet employed on the Paris Métro but allowed by the length of all Line 14 stations. The current MP 89CA and MP 05 stock would then be reassigned to other lines.[12]

Line 15[edit]

Line 15
Paris Métro Line 15
Overview
TerminiNoisy–Champs
Champigny Centre
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Line 13 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 16 Paris Métro Line 17 Paris Métro Line 18
Stations36
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)RATP
History
Opened2020–2030
Technical
Line length75 km (47 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Route map
Tracé ligne 15 Grand Paris Express.svg
Line 15
Noisy–Champs
Paris Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 16 RERRER A
Bry–Villiers–Champigny
RERRER E TransilienTransilien
Champigny Centre
RERRER E
Nogent–Le Perreux
RERRER ARER E Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Val de Fontenay
Saint-Maur–Créteil
RERRER A
Paris Métro Line 11 RERRER E
Rosny-Bois-Perrier
RERRER E Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 4
Bondy
Créteil–L'Échat
Paris Métro Line 8
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Pont de Bondy
Le Vert de Maisons
RERRER D
Paris Métro Line 5 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Bobigny–Pablo Picasso
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Bobigny–Drancy
Les Ardoines
RERRER C
Paris Métro Line 7
Fort d'Aubervilliers
Vitry Centre
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 9
Paris Métro Line 12
Mairie d'Aubervilliers
Villejuif–Louis Aragon
Paris Métro Line 7 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7
RERRER B
Stade de France
Villejuif–Institut Gustave-Roussy
Paris Métro Line 14
Paris Métro Line 14Paris Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17 RERRER D
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Arcueil–Cachan
RERRER B
Bagneux
Paris Métro Line 4
RERRER C
Les Grésillons
Châtillon–Montrouge
Paris Métro Line 13 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 6
Paris Métro Line 13
Les Agnettes
Fort d'Issy–Vanves–Clamart
TransilienTransilien
TransilienTransilien
Bois-Colombes
Issy
RERRER C
TransilienTransilien
Bécon-les-Bruyères
Paris Métro Line 1 RERRER ARER E TransilienTransilienTransilien Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
 La Défense
Pont de Sèvres
Paris Métro Line 9 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
Paris Métro Line 18 RERRER A
Nanterre La Folie
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Nanterre La Boule
Saint-Cloud
TransilienTransilienTransilien
Rueil–Suresnes–Mont Valérien

Line 15 will be a high-capacity underground rail line, providing a new ring line around Paris in the departments of Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis. It will enable direct journeys between the suburbs, bypassing Paris.[13][14] The configuration of the line is very similar to that of the Arc Express, proposed by the RATP in 2006. It was later included in the red line project of the Grand Paris public transportation network, introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009. In March 2013, the "New Grand Paris" project was announced by the Prime Minister at the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. At this time, the line acquired its current line 15 naming.[15]

Line 15 is planned to open in phases from 2025 through 2030,[16]. It will create a loop connecting Noisy–Champs to Champigny, passing through Champigny-sur-Marne, Créteil, Villejuif, La Défense, Saint-Denis and Rosny-sous-Bois.

Proposed timeline[edit]

On 22 February 2018, a new timeline is announced by Prime minister Édouard Philippe:[17]

  • During 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early 2015: Groundbreaking of the southern section spanning Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs.
  • 2024, postponed to 2025 in September 2018: Southern section from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy-Champs put into service.
  • 2030: western section from Pont de Sèvres to Saint-Denis Pleyel and eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre put into service.

Previous timeline[edit]

In 2013, the government led by Ayrault proposed this timeline for the line 15 project:[18][19]

  • 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
  • Early-2015: Groundbreaking for the southern section between Pont-de-Sèvres and Noisy–Champs.
  • 2020: Groundbreaking of the section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier on the northern section.
  • 2022: Southern section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy–Champs opens.
  • Early 2025: Segments from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier of the northern section put into service.
  • 2025: Groundbreaking of the segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section.
  • Early 2030: Segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section put into service.
  • End of 2030: Northern section from Rosny to Champigny completed.

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for line 15 is a new automated design, using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification, with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in).

The specifications of the trains travelling line 15 and their operation are as follows:[20][21]

  • Train width: 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in) minimum
  • Train length: 108 metres (354 ft), made up of 6 cars with full-open interior gangways
  • Train capacity: 960 passengers (at 4 passengers per m²)
  • Bearings: iron
  • Electric traction current: 1500 volt direct current via pantograph and contact wires[22]
  • Operation: Fully automated
  • Maximum speed: 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)[23]
  • Operating speed: 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph)[23]
  • Theoretical morning rush hour throughput: 34 560 passengers per hour[24]
  • Average interval: 3 to 4 minutes[23]
  • Minimum interval: 2 minutes[23]

Lines 16 and 17[edit]

Line 16
Paris Métro Line 16
Overview
TerminiNoisy–Champs
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 17
Stations10
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)RATP
History
Opened2024
Technical
Line length25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Line 17
Paris Métro Line 17
Overview
TerminiLe Mesnil-Amelot
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15 Paris Métro Line 16
Stations9
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)RATP
History
Opened2025–2030
Technical
Line length25 km (16 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Lines 16 & 17
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 16
Noisy – Champs
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 15 RERRER A
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 17
Le Mesnil–Amelot
Chelles–Gournay
RERRER E
CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 4
Clichy–Montfermeil
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 4
RERRER B CDGVAL
Aéroport Charles-de-Gaulle
Terminal 2
Sevran – Livry
RERRER B
RERRER B
Parc des Expositions
Sevran – Beaudottes
RERRER B
RERRER D
Triangle de Gonesse
Aulnay
Le Bourget Aéroport
Le Blanc–Mesnil
Le Bourget
RERRER B Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 11
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1 
La Courneuve–Six Routes
Saint-Denis Pleyel
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14Paris Métro Line 15 RERRER D
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 16Paris Métro Line 17 

Line 16 is planned to open in 2024.[2]

Line 17 is planned to open in phases between 2025 and 2030.[2]

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for lines 16 and 17 is a new automated design with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification.

Line 18[edit]

Line 18
Paris Métro Line 18
Overview
TerminiNanterre-La Folie
Orly airport
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 14 Paris Métro Line 15
Stations13
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)RATP
History
Opened2023–2030
Technical
Line length50 km (31 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Conduction systemAutomated
Route map

Nanterre-La Folie
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 15 RERRER E
Rueil
proposed
Versailles – Chantiers
RERRER C
Satory
Saint-Quentin Université
Saint-Quentin Est
CEA Saint-Aubin
Orsay Gif
Palaiseau
Massy – Palaiseau
RERRER BRER C
Massy-Opéra
Antonypôle
Orly Airport
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7 Orlyval

Line 18 is planned to open in phases between 2023 and 2030.[2]

Rolling stock[edit]

The proposed rolling stock for line 18 is a new automated design with a width of 2.45 metres (8 ft 0 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and third rail electrification.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grand Paris Express, the largest transport project in Europe". Société du Grand Paris. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Création des nouvelles lignes reliant le Nouveau Grand Paris". STIF (in French). Archived from the original on 19 November 2014.
  3. ^ Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie (28 August 2013). "Installation du comité de pilotage du Nouveau Grand Paris". www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Métro ligne 15 – STIF". stif.org. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Prolongement de la ligne 11: le tunnelier inauguré, six nouvelles stations de métro en 2023". France 3 Paris Ile-de-France (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Prolongement de la ligne 11: le tunnelier inauguré, six nouvelles stations de métro en 2023". France 3 Paris Ile-de-France (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  7. ^ http://www.lesechos.fr/06/03/2013/lesechos.fr/0202626990936_-nouveau-grand-paris----l-etat-engage-27-milliards-pour-le-metro-parisien.htm Nouveau Grand Paris» : l'État engage 27 milliards pour le métro parisien – 3/6/13 (In French)
  8. ^ "Prolongement de la ligne 14 de Saint-Lazare à Mairie de Saint-Ouen" (in French). RATP. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  9. ^ http://www.leparisien.fr/transports/projets/grand-paris-le-prolongement-de-la-ligne-14-du-metro-retarde-a-mi-2019-23-10-2014-4236029.php (in French)
  10. ^ https://www.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2021/03/05/a-paris-la-ligne-14-du-metro-en-plein-essor-la-13-toujours-aussi-chargee_6072116_3234.html(in French)
  11. ^ (in French) http://www.symbioz.net/index.php?id=99 Grand Paris Express
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Modernisation du métro (in French). STIF. Retrieved on 11 February 2012
  13. ^ "Acte motivé". www.societedugrandparis.fr. 26 May 2011. pp. 34, 35, 45. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  14. ^ "ratp.fr – The Greater Paris Express project". www.ratp.fr. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Le Nouveau Grand Paris : pour une région compétitive et solidaire". archives.gouvernement.fr. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Grand Paris Express" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  17. ^ "La nouvelle feuille de route du Grand Paris Express". societedugrandparis.fr. 22 February 2018..
  18. ^ Service de presse de Matignon (6 March 2013). "Le Nouveau Grand Paris" (PDF). archives.gouvernement.fr/. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  19. ^ Boughriet, Rachida (28 August 2013). "Nouveau Grand Paris : le comité de pilotage installé". Actu Environnement. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  20. ^ Préfecture d'Île-de-France. "Dossier d'enquête préalable à la déclaration d'utilité publique – Tronçon Pont-de-Sèvres < > Noisy–Champs (Ligne rouge – 15 Sud) – Pièce C – Présentation du programme" (PDF). www.enquetepubliquelignerouge15sud.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  21. ^ Gabriel, Oihana (6 March 2013). "Transports: Le Grand Paris rebaptisé et précisé". 20 minutes. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  22. ^ Ragu, Didier (11 September 2013). "Egis et Setec décrochent un gros lot du Grand Paris". Usinenouvelle.com/. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  23. ^ a b c d "Une offre adaptée aux territoires". Société du Grand Paris. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  24. ^ Société du Grand Paris (18 October 2010). "Étude Prévisions de trafic (RATP)" (PDF). cpdp.debatpublic.fr. Retrieved 21 June 2015.

External links[edit]