Grand Paris Express
Grand Paris Express is a group of new rapid transit lines to be built in the île-de-France region in France. The project comprises four new lines, plus the extension of existing lines 11 and 14. Originally, it was conceived that the new lines would be known by color (Red Line, Orange Line, Green Line, etc.). This changed in 2013 to continue the numbering convention that the RATP utilizes and will comprise new lines 15, 16, 17, and 18. They are planned to open in stages through to 2023.
Since August 2013, the New Grand Paris steering committee has met each trimester. The first public inquiry, focused on the southern section from Pont de Sèvres to Noisy - Champs, was held from October to mid-November, 2013.
Works began in 2015, with the first section scheduled to open between Pont de Sèvres Métro station and Noisy – Champs RER A station around 2020. This line was first proposed in the Orbival project, then integrated into the Arc Express.
In order to ensure better commuter service to the Northeastern inner suburbs, a six-station, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) extension eastbound from Mairie des Lilas to Rosny-sous-Bois is under consideration. The scheme has been proposed by local authorities, and adopted during the 2007 review of the Ile-de-France Transportation Plan. The line should be extended to Rosny – Bois-Perrier by 2021. In 2015 preliminary work started on the extension. It will provide new connections with the RER E and the extended tramway line 1, which will be linked more easily to the downtown and the commuter hub of Châtelet - Les Halles.
Revisions in the Grand Paris Express Plan and possible automation
On March 6, 2013, a revised plan for the proposed Grand Paris Express subway system was unveiled. The revisions call for a second extension of Line 11 to be built towards Noisy-Champs by 2030, although it is unclear if this goal will be attainable. Should the second extension be built, Line 11 will eventually be fully automated. However, automatic train operation is not currently planned for the Rosny extension, although the RATP and STIF had considered the possibility of adding it later on.
As of March 2013, it was expected that additional MP 14 stock will be used for line 11.
Line 14 will be extended north from Saint-Lazare, with the primary aim of reducing overcrowding on line 13. The solution adopted connects the branches of line 13 with stations at Porte de Clichy on the Asnières – Gennevilliers branch and Mairie de Saint-Ouen on the Saint-Denis branch. An additional station will connect with the Saint-Ouen RER C station, and another with the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare lines at Pont-Cardinet, and the final one with the RER D at Stade de France – Saint-Denis. An infill station between Saint-Lazare and Pont-Cardinet may also be built, which would provide line 14 with a connecttion to line 2 at Rome. Construction on the extension is scheduled to begin in 2014, with the aim of completion in 2019.
When both extensions are complete, it is expected that Line 14 will eventually be merged into the proposed Grand Paris Express system.
In February 2012 the STIF announced that with the two extensions planned, the brand new MP 14 class of rolling stock will replace the current MP 89CA (and upcoming MP 05) stock on Line 14 in about 2020. This new stock would be in eight-car train formations, something not yet employed on the Métro, and would allow for the MP 89CA and MP 05 stock to be reassigned to other lines.
|Termini||Noisy - Champs
|Line length||75 km (47 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Line 15 is conceived as a high-capacity underground rail line, providing a new relief line in the departments of Hauts-de-Seine, Val-de-Marne and Seine-Saint-Denis. It will enable direct transportation between the suburbs, bypassing Paris and thus avoiding transloading. The configuration of the line is very similar to that of the Arc Express, proposed by the RATP in 2006. It was later included in the red line project of the Grand Paris public transportation network, introduced by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2009. In March 2013, the "New Grand Paris" project was announced by the Prime Minister at the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. At this time, the line acquired its current line 15 naming.
Line 15 is planned to open in phases from 2020 through 2030. It will create a loop connecting Noisy - Champs to Champigny, passing through Champigny-sur-Marne, Créteil, Villejuif, La Défense, Saint-Denis and Rosny-sous-Bois.
- 2014: Public inquiry on the eastern section from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Champigny Centre.
- Early-2015: Groundbreaking for the southern section between Pont-de-Sèvres and Noisy - Champs.
- 2020: Groundbreaking of the section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier on the northern section.
- 2022: Southern section from Pont-de-Sèvres to Noisy - Champs opens.
- Early 2025: Segments from Pont-de-Sèvres to Nanterre and from Saint-Denis Pleyel to Rosny-Bois-Perrier of the northern section put into service.
- 2025: Groundbreaking of the segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section.
- Early 2030: Segment from Nanterre to Saint-Denis Pleyel via La Défense-Grande-Arche of the northern section put into service.
- End of 2030: Northern section from Rosny to Champigny completed.
The proposed rolling stock for line 15 is a new automated design, using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification, with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in).
- Train width: 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in) minimum
- Train length: 108 metres (354 ft), made up of 6 cars with full-open interior gangways
- Train capacity: 960 passengers (at 4 passengers per m²)
- Bearings: iron
- Electric traction current: 1500 volt direct current via pantograph and contact wires
- Operation: Fully automated
- Maximum speed: 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)
- Operating speed: 55 kilometres per hour (34 mph)
- Theoretical morning rush hour throughput: 34 560 passengers per hour
- Average interval: 3 to 4 minutes
- Minimum interval: 2 minutes
Lines 16 and 17
Lines 16 & 17
Line 16 is planned to open in 2023.
Line 17 is planned to open in phases between 2025 and 2030.
The proposed rolling stock for lines 16 and 17 is a new automated design with a width of 2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and overhead electrification.
|Line length||50 km (31 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Line 18 is planned to open in phases between 2023 and 2030.
The proposed rolling stock for line 18 is a new automated design with a width of 2.45 metres (8 ft 0 in), using conventional steel wheel on steel rail technology and third rail electrification.
- "Création des nouvelles lignes reliant le Nouveau Grand Paris". STIF (in French). Archived from the original on 2014-11-19.
- Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie (2013-08-28). "Installation du comité de pilotage du Nouveau Grand Paris". www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- "Métro ligne 15 - STIF". www.stif.org. Archived from the original on 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
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- "Prolongement de la ligne 14 de Saint-Lazare à Mairie de Saint-Ouen" (in French). RATP. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- http://www.leparisien.fr/transports/projets/grand-paris-le-prolongement-de-la-ligne-14-du-metro-retarde-a-mi-2019-23-10-2014-4236029.php (in French)
- (in French) http://www.symbioz.net/index.php?id=99 Grand Paris Express
- http://www.stif.info/IMG/pdf/STIF_-_Modernisation_du_metro.pdf Modernisation du métro (in French). STIF. Retrieved on 11 February 2012
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- Grand Paris Express
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- (in French) Official website