Grand Prix des Nations

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Grand Prix des Nations
Race details
DateSeptember
RegionFrance
English nameGrand Prix of the Nations
Local name(s)Grand Prix des Nations (in French)
DisciplineRoad
TypeIndividual time-trial
History
First edition1932 (1932)
Editions70
Final edition2004
First winnerFrance Maurice Archambaud
Most winsFrance Jacques Anquetil ( 9 wins)
Final winnerGermany Michael Rich

The Grand Prix des Nations was an individual time trial (against the clock) for both professional and amateur racing cyclists. Held annually in Cannes, France, it was instituted in 1932 and often regarded as the unofficial time trial championship of the world and as a Classic cycle race. The race was the idea of a Parisian newspaper editor called Gaston Bénac. The beret-wearing sports editor was looking for a race to make a name for Paris-Soir, the biggest French evening paper before the war.

He and his colleague Albert Baker d'Isy had been inspired by the world road race championship in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1931. That, unusually, had been run as a time trial, and the two were impressed and also, they said, aware that a time-trial cost less to organise than a conventional road race. Baker d'Isy decided the name Grand Prix des Nations.

There is a dispute over who devised the first route. The American-French writer René de Latour said in the UK magazine Sporting Cyclist that he did; Baker d'Isy says that he did. The route started near the Versailles château and ran round a triangle through Rambouillet, Maulette, Saint-Rémy-les-Chevreuse, Versailles and Boulogne to finish on the Vélodrome Buffalo where the founder of the Tour de France, Henri Desgrange, had become the world's first hour record holder in 1893. There were three hills, one in the first 100 km, plenty of cobbles, and the last 40 km went through the woods of the Vallée de Chevreuse, a popular area for bike riders. The distance was 142 km.

The introduction of an official time trial champion at the UCI Road World Championships in 1994 and an Olympic individual time trial championship (1996) reduced its importance. With the introduction of the UCI ProTour in 2005, the event was removed from the calendar.

History[edit]

Race distances have varied. Until 1955, it was approximately 140 km; six years later, the distance was 100 km; from 1965 onwards the distance rarely exceeded 90 km, with many events run of around 75 km. The events were in the Vallée de Chevreuse in the Paris area, then near Cannes on the French Riviera; for five years from 1993, it was held at the Madine Lake in the Meuse; from 1998, it has taken place in Seine-Maritime département, two circuits of 35 km around Dieppe.

The roll of honour includes cycling's greatest time trialists, but the event's history was dominated by two Frenchmen: Jacques Anquetil won nine times, Bernard Hinault five.

British amateur woman Beryl Burton competed in 1968, finishing only minutes behind her male rivals.

Winners[edit]

Rider Team
1932 France Maurice Archambaud (FRA)
1933 France Raymond Louviot (FRA)
1934 France Antonin Magne (FRA)
1935 France Antonin Magne (FRA)
1936 France Antonin Magne (FRA)
1937 France Pierre Cogan (FRA)
1938 France Louis Aimar (FRA)
1941 Italy Jules Rossi (ITA) (victory shared with Louis Aimar)
1941 France Louis Aimar (FRA) (victory shared with Jules Rossi)
1942 France Jean Marie Goasmat (FRA) (victory shared with Emile Idee)
1942 France Emile Idee (FRA) (victory shared with Jean Marie Goasmat)
1943 Belgium Jozef Somers (BEL)
1944 France Emile Carrara (FRA)
1945 France Eloi Tassin (FRA)
1946 Italy Fausto Coppi (ITA)
1947 Italy Fausto Coppi (ITA)
1948 France René Berton (FRA)
1949 France Charles Coste (FRA)
1950 Belgium Maurice Blomme (BEL)
1951 Switzerland Hugo Koblet (SUI)
1952 France Louison Bobet (FRA) Stella Huret Dunlop
1953 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) La Francaise Dunlop
1954 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) La Perle Hutchinson
1955 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) La Perle Hutchinson
1956 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Helyett Potin
1957 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Helyett Potin
1958 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Helyett Potin
1959 Italy Aldo Moser (ITA) EMI Guerra
1960 Italy Ercole Baldini (ITA) Ignis
1961 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Helyett Fynsec
1962 Belgium Ferdinand Bracke (BEL) Peugeot
1963 France Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier BP
1964 Belgium Walter Boucquet (BEL) Flandria-Faema
1965 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Ford-Gitane
1966 France Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Ford-Hutchinson
1967 Italy Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani
1968 Italy Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani
1969 Belgium Herman van Springel (BEL) Mann-Grundig
1970 Belgium Herman van Springel (BEL) Mann-Grundig
1971 Spain Luis Ocaña (ESP) Bic
1972 Belgium Roger Swerts (BEL) Molteni
1973 Belgium Eddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni
1974 Netherlands Roy Schuiten (NED) TI–Raleigh
1975 Netherlands Roy Schuiten (NED) TI–Raleigh
1976 Belgium Freddy Maertens (BEL) Flandria Velda
1977 France Bernard Hinault (FRA) Gitane-Campagnolo
1978 France Bernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1979 France Bernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1979 Australia Phil Anderson (AUS) ACBB Cyclisme (amateur)[1][better source needed]
1980 Belgium Jean Luc Vandenbroucke (BEL) La Redoute Motobecane
1981 Switzerland Daniel Gisiger (SUI) Gilo-Aufina
1982 France Bernard Hinault (FRA) Renault-Elf
1982 Australia Allan Peiper (AUS) ACBB Cyclisme (amateur)[2][better source needed]
1983 Switzerland Daniel Gisiger (SUI) Malvor Bottecchia
1984 France Bernard Hinault (FRA) La Vie Claire
1985 France Charly Mottet (FRA) Renault-Elf-Gitane
1986 Republic of Ireland Sean Kelly (IRL) Kas
1987 France Charly Mottet (FRA) Systeme U-Gitane
1988 France Charly Mottet (FRA) Systeme U-Gitane
1989 France Laurent Fignon (FRA) Super U-Raleigh-Fiat
1990 Switzerland Thomas Wegmüller (SUI) Weinn SMM
1991 Switzerland Tony Rominger (SUI) Toshiba
1992 Belgium Johan Bruyneel (BEL) ONCE
1993 France Armand de Las Cuevas (FRA) Banesto-Pinarello
1994 Switzerland Tony Rominger (SUI) Mapei–CLAS
1995 No race
1996 United Kingdom Chris Boardman (GBR) GAN
1997 Germany Uwe Peschel (GER) Cantina Tollo–Carrier
1998 France Francisque Teyssier (FRA) Mutuelle de Seine-et-Marne
1999 Ukraine Serhiy Honchar (UKR) Vini Caldirola
2000 Result Void[3][4]
2001 Germany Jens Voigt (GER) Crédit Agricole
2002 Germany Uwe Peschel (GER) Gerolsteiner
2003 Germany Michael Rich (GER) Gerolsteiner
2004 Germany Michael Rich (GER) Gerolsteiner

References[edit]

  1. ^ fr:Grand Prix des Nations (amateurs)
  2. ^ fr:Grand Prix des Nations (amateurs)
  3. ^ "Lance Armstrong: Governing body strips American of Tour wins". BBC News. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Union Cycliste Internationale".