ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating

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The ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating (known as ISU Champions Series from 1995 to 1997) is a series of senior international figure skating competitions organized by the International Skating Union. The invitational series was inaugurated in 1995, incorporating several previously existing events. Medals are awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. The junior-level equivalent is the ISU Junior Grand Prix.

Summary[edit]

Competitions[edit]

Currently, the sanctioned competitions for the Grand Prix are:

  • United States Skate America. First held in 1979 as Norton Skate, the event has been part of the series since 1995 and its location changes yearly.
  • Canada Skate Canada International. First held in 1973, the event has been part of the series since 1995 and its location changes yearly.
  • China Cup of China. It was created in 2003 and joined the Grand Prix series in the same year, replacing the German event. It has been held in Beijing, Shanghai, Harbin, and Nanjing.
    • Finland Grand Prix of Helsinki. The event replaced 2018 Cup of China. Cup of China is scheduled to return for the 2019–20 season.
  • France Internationaux de France (Grand Prix International de Paris 1987–93, Trophée de France 1994–95, Trophée Lalique 1996–2003, and Trophée Éric Bompard 2004–15). First held in 1987, the event has been part of the series since 1995. From 1987 to 2014, it was always held in Paris, with the exception of 1991 (Albertville), 1994 (Lyon), and 1995 (Bordeaux). Since 2014, it has been held in Bordeaux (2014, 2015), Paris (2016), and Grenoble (2017, 2018).
  • Russia Rostelecom Cup (Cup of Russia from 1996 to 2008). The Prize of Moscow News (1966–1990) having disappeared with the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Cup of Russia was established in 1996 and joined the series in the same year, adopting the name Rostelecom Cup in 2009. It is generally held in Moscow and, less frequently, in Saint Petersburg.
  • Japan NHK Trophy. First held in 1979, the event has been part of the series since 1995. The location changes yearly — it has been held in Tokyo, Sapporo, Kobe, Kushiro, Asahikawa, Hiroshima, Chiba, Morioka, Nagoya, Osaka, Nagano, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Fukuoka, and Sendai.
  • Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final (Champions Series Final from 1995 to 1997). Created in 1995 to serve as the concluding event, it features the top six qualifiers in each discipline from the six earlier competitions. The event adopted its current name in the 1998–99 season. Its location changes yearly.

Discontinued competitions[edit]

  • Germany Bofrost Cup on Ice (Earlier names: Fujifilm Trophy from 1986 to 1987, Nations Cup from 1995 to 1997, Sparkassen Cup on Ice from 1998 to 2001). First held in 1986, the event was part of the series from 1995 to 2002. Generally held in Gelsenkirchen, the event adopted the name Bofrost Cup on Ice in 2002.

Background[edit]

Fall international competitions such as Skate America, organized by the skating federations of their host countries, had been held for many years prior to being organized into a series as separate individual events. Following the Nancy Kerrigan attack in 1994, television coverage of skating was saturated with made-for-TV professional skating events, while the traditional "amateur" or "eligible" competitions were neglected. In order to remedy this situation, in 1995, the skating federations from the United States, Canada, Germany, France, and Japan began to plan their events as a series with cooperative marketing of the television rights in those countries, and with prize money funded by the sale of those rights. At this point, the International Skating Union stepped in and asserted its ownership of the international television rights to the series.

When it was first created in the 1995–1996 skating season, the series was known as the ISU Champions Series. It did not become known as the Grand Prix of Figure Skating until the 1998–1999 season, when the ISU gained the rights to use that name.

It was originally composed of five events, held in the United States, Canada, Japan, Germany, and France. Following the demise of the Prize of Moscow News, last held in 1990, the Russian federation created the Cup of Russia, which increased the number of events to six in 1996, the series' second year. In the fall of 2003, the event in Germany, the Bofrost Cup on Ice, was discontinued, and was replaced with one in China, due to the ISU having negotiated a more favorable television contract in that country.

In 1997, the ISU also created a similar series of developmental events for junior age-eligible skaters. Initially known as the ISU Junior Series, these events are now named the ISU Junior Grand Prix. This season begins before the senior-level one does.

Qualifying[edit]

Skaters are entered in the individual events either by being seeded or by invitation. The seeding of top skaters at Grand Prix events basically takes into account their placement from the previous World Championships, as well as their ISU international ranking. Skaters who are not seeded can be invited by the hosting country and each country can invite up to three of their own skaters for each discipline. This is to give a balanced field throughout the series, as well as allowing the hosting country a chance to showcase their top competitors.

The Grand Prix of Figure Skating uses a points-based system based on results from the selected international events. The top qualifying skaters from each discipline are eligible to compete in the Grand Prix Figure Skating Final. The entry, seeding, and qualification rules for the individual events have varied from year to year, and also between the different disciplines. Typically, seeded skaters can be entered in either two or three events (the third being designated a non-scoring event), while other skaters may be entered in either one or two events.

Starting with the 2003-04 season, the Interim Judging System was introduced for scoring events in the Grand Prix. This later developed into the ISU Judging System, often called the Code of Points (CoP), of figure skating, replacing the previous 6.0 system.

Over the years, the ISU has experimented with different formats for the Grand Prix Final competition. In some years, skaters were required to prepare three different programs rather than the normal two, with the third program being used for a skate-off between the top two finishers in each discipline after the initial rounds. This is no longer the case.

Eligibility[edit]

To be eligible for the senior Grand Prix series, skaters are required to have turned 14 by the preceding July 1 (e.g. July 1, 2009 for the 2009-10 series). A skater must meet the age requirement before it turns July 1 in their place of birth. For example, Adelina Sotnikova was born a few hours into July 1, 1996, in Moscow and consequently, was not eligible to compete until the 2011-12 season.[1]

In 2011, minimum score requirements were added to the senior Grand Prix series and set at two-thirds of the top scores at the 2011 World Championships. Prior to competing in a senior Grand Prix event, skaters must earn the following:[2]

Discipline Minimum
Men 168.60
Ladies 117.48
Pairs 130.71
Ice dance 111.15

The International Skating Union decided that the minimums do not apply to "host picks", i.e. Canadians Adriana DeSanctis and Elladj Baldé were allowed to compete at their home country's event, 2011 Skate Canada, despite failing to reach the minimums at the 2011 Nebelhorn Trophy.

Gold medalists[edit]

Ladies[edit]

Ladies' gold medalists
Year United States Skate America Canada Skate Canada China Cup of China France Internationaux de France Russia Cup of Russia‡‡ Japan NHK Trophy Grand Prix Final
1995 United States Michelle Kwan United States Michelle Kwan United States Michelle Kwan Canada Josée Chouinard not held China Chen Lu United States Michelle Kwan
1996 United States Michelle Kwan Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya United States Michelle Kwan Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya United States Tara Lipinski
1997 United States Michelle Kwan United States Michelle Kwan Germany Tanja Szewczenko France Laetitia Hubert Russia Irina Slutskaya Germany Tanja Szewczenko United States Tara Lipinski
1998 Russia Maria Butyrskaya Ukraine Elena Liashenko Russia Elena Sokolova Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Elena Sokolova Uzbekistan Tatiana Malinina Uzbekistan Tatiana Malinina
1999 United States Michelle Kwan United States Michelle Kwan Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya
2000 United States Michelle Kwan Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya
2001 United States Michelle Kwan United States Sarah Hughes Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Maria Butyrskaya Russia Irina Slutskaya Uzbekistan Tatiana Malinina Russia Irina Slutskaya
2002 United States Michelle Kwan United States Sasha Cohen Japan Yoshie Onda United States Sasha Cohen Russia Viktoria Volchkova Japan Yoshie Onda United States Sasha Cohen
2003 United States Sasha Cohen United States Sasha Cohen Ukraine Elena Liashenko United States Sasha Cohen Ukraine Elena Liashenko Japan Fumie Suguri Japan Fumie Suguri
2004 United States Angela Nikodinov Canada Cynthia Phaneuf Russia Irina Slutskaya Canada Joannie Rochette Russia Irina Slutskaya Japan Shizuka Arakawa Russia Irina Slutskaya
2005 Russia Elena Sokolova United States Alissa Czisny Russia Irina Slutskaya Japan Mao Asada Russia Irina Slutskaya Japan Yukari Nakano Japan Mao Asada
2006 Japan Miki Ando Canada Joannie Rochette Hungary Júlia Sebestyén South Korea Yuna Kim Switzerland Sarah Meier Japan Mao Asada South Korea Yuna Kim
2007 United States Kimmie Meissner Japan Mao Asada South Korea Yuna Kim Japan Mao Asada South Korea Yuna Kim Italy Carolina Kostner South Korea Yuna Kim
2008 South Korea Yuna Kim Canada Joannie Rochette South Korea Yuna Kim Canada Joannie Rochette Italy Carolina Kostner Japan Mao Asada Japan Mao Asada
2009 South Korea Yuna Kim Canada Joannie Rochette Japan Akiko Suzuki South Korea Yuna Kim Japan Miki Ando Japan Miki Ando South Korea Yuna Kim
2010 Japan Kanako Murakami United States Alissa Czisny Japan Miki Ando Finland Kiira Korpi Japan Miki Ando Italy Carolina Kostner United States Alissa Czisny
2011 United States Alissa Czisny Russia Elizaveta Tuktamysheva Italy Carolina Kostner Russia Elizaveta Tuktamysheva Japan Mao Asada Japan Akiko Suzuki Italy Carolina Kostner
2012 United States Ashley Wagner Canada Kaetlyn Osmond Japan Mao Asada United States Ashley Wagner Finland Kiira Korpi Japan Mao Asada Japan Mao Asada
2013 Japan Mao Asada Russia Yulia Lipnitskaya Russia Anna Pogorilaya United States Ashley Wagner Russia Yulia Lipnitskaya Japan Mao Asada Japan Mao Asada
2014 Russia Elena Radionova Russia Anna Pogorilaya Russia Elizaveta Tuktamysheva Russia Elena Radionova Japan Rika Hongo United States Gracie Gold Russia Elizaveta Tuktamysheva
2015 Russia Evgenia Medvedeva United States Ashley Wagner Japan Mao Asada United States Gracie Gold Russia Elena Radionova Japan Satoko Miyahara Russia Evgenia Medvedeva
2016 United States Ashley Wagner Russia Evgenia Medvedeva Russia Elena Radionova Russia Evgenia Medvedeva Russia Anna Pogorilaya Russia Anna Pogorilaya Russia Evgenia Medvedeva
2017 Japan Satoko Miyahara Canada Kaetlyn Osmond Russia Alina Zagitova Russia Alina Zagitova Russia Evgenia Medvedeva Russia Evgenia Medvedeva Russia Alina Zagitova
2018 Japan Satoko Miyahara Russia Elizaveta Tuktamysheva Russia Alina Zagitova Japan Rika Kihira Russia Alina Zagitova Japan Rika Kihira Japan Rika Kihira

† From 1995 to 2002, this spot on the Grand Prix calendar was filled by the German Cup on Ice (which went by several different names in succession). The Cup of China replaced it on the circuit in 2003 and has held that spot ever since, with the exception of 2018, when the Cup of China did not take place; its spot on the calendar was filled that year by the 2018 Grand Prix of Helsinki. The names of the medalists in this table reflect the winners of those respective events for the years that the Cup of China was not held.

‡ Previously known as the Trophée de France (1995, 2016), Trophée Lalique (1996–2003), and Trophée Éric Bompard (2004–2015).

‡‡ Known since 2009 as the Rostelecom Cup for commercial purposes.

Men[edit]

Men's gold medalists
Year United States Skate America Canada Skate Canada China Cup of China France Internationaux de France Russia Cup of Russia‡‡ Japan NHK Trophy Grand Prix Final
1995 United States Todd Eldredge Russia Alexei Urmanov Ukraine Viacheslav Zagorodniuk Russia Ilia Kulik not held Canada Elvis Stojko Russia Alexei Urmanov
1996 United States Todd Eldredge Canada Elvis Stojko Russia Alexei Urmanov United States Todd Eldredge Russia Alexei Urmanov Canada Elvis Stojko Canada Elvis Stojko
1997 United States Todd Eldredge Canada Elvis Stojko Canada Elvis Stojko Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Ilia Kulik Russia Ilia Kulik
1998 Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Alexei Urmanov Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Alexei Yagudin
1999 Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Evgeni Plushenko
2000 United States Timothy Goebel Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Evgeni Plushenko
2001 United States Timothy Goebel Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Alexei Yagudin Russia Evgeni Plushenko Japan Takeshi Honda Russia Alexei Yagudin
2002 France Brian Joubert Japan Takeshi Honda Russia Evgeni Plushenko United States Michael Weiss Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Ilia Klimkin Russia Evgeni Plushenko
2003 United States Michael Weiss Russia Evgeni Plushenko United States Timothy Goebel Russia Evgeni Plushenko Russia Evgeni Plushenko Canada Jeffrey Buttle Canada Emanuel Sandhu
2004 France Brian Joubert Canada Emanuel Sandhu Canada Jeffrey Buttle United States Johnny Weir Russia Evgeni Plushenko United States Johnny Weir Russia Evgeni Plushenko
2005 Japan Daisuke Takahashi Canada Emanuel Sandhu Canada Emanuel Sandhu Canada Jeffrey Buttle Russia Evgeni Plushenko Japan Nobunari Oda Switzerland Stéphane Lambiel
2006 Japan Nobunari Oda Switzerland Stéphane Lambiel United States Evan Lysacek France Brian Joubert France Brian Joubert Japan Daisuke Takahashi France Brian Joubert
2007 Japan Daisuke Takahashi France Brian Joubert United States Johnny Weir Canada Patrick Chan United States Johnny Weir Japan Daisuke Takahashi Switzerland Stéphane Lambiel
2008 Japan Takahiko Kozuka Canada Patrick Chan United States Jeremy Abbott Canada Patrick Chan France Brian Joubert Japan Nobunari Oda United States Jeremy Abbott
2009 United States Evan Lysacek United States Jeremy Abbott Japan Nobunari Oda Japan Nobunari Oda Russia Evgeni Plushenko France Brian Joubert United States Evan Lysacek
2010 Japan Daisuke Takahashi Canada Patrick Chan Japan Takahiko Kozuka Japan Takahiko Kozuka Czech Republic Tomáš Verner Japan Daisuke Takahashi Canada Patrick Chan
2011 Czech Republic Michal Březina Canada Patrick Chan United States Jeremy Abbott Canada Patrick Chan Japan Yuzuru Hanyu Japan Daisuke Takahashi Canada Patrick Chan
2012 Japan Takahiko Kozuka Spain Javier Fernández Japan Tatsuki Machida Japan Takahito Mura Canada Patrick Chan Japan Yuzuru Hanyu Japan Daisuke Takahashi
2013 Japan Tatsuki Machida Canada Patrick Chan China Yan Han Canada Patrick Chan Japan Tatsuki Machida Japan Daisuke Takahashi Japan Yuzuru Hanyu
2014 Japan Tatsuki Machida Japan Takahito Mura Russia Maxim Kovtun Russia Maxim Kovtun Spain Javier Fernández Japan Daisuke Murakami Japan Yuzuru Hanyu
2015 United States Max Aaron Canada Patrick Chan Spain Javier Fernández Japan Shoma Uno Spain Javier Fernández Japan Yuzuru Hanyu Japan Yuzuru Hanyu
2016 Japan Shoma Uno Canada Patrick Chan Canada Patrick Chan Spain Javier Fernández Spain Javier Fernández Japan Yuzuru Hanyu Japan Yuzuru Hanyu
2017 United States Nathan Chen Japan Shoma Uno Russia Mikhail Kolyada Spain Javier Fernández United States Nathan Chen Russia Sergei Voronov United States Nathan Chen
2018 United States Nathan Chen Japan Shoma Uno Japan Yuzuru Hanyu United States Nathan Chen Japan Yuzuru Hanyu Japan Shoma Uno United States Nathan Chen

† From 1995 to 2002, this spot on the Grand Prix calendar was filled by the German Cup on Ice (which went by several different names in succession). The Cup of China replaced it on the circuit in 2003 and has held that spot ever since, with the exception of 2018, when the Cup of China did not take place; its spot on the calendar was filled that year by the 2018 Grand Prix of Helsinki. The names of the medalists in this table reflect the winners of those respective events for the years that the Cup of China was not held.

‡ Previously known as the Trophée de France (1995, 2016), Trophée Lalique (1996–2003), and Trophée Éric Bompard (2004–2015).

‡‡ Known since 2009 as the Rostelecom Cup for commercial purposes.

Top gold medalists[edit]

Only skaters with five gold medals or more are shown here. Bold denotes active skater. Skaters who at least once participated in three Grand Prix events within a single season, the Grand Prix Final not included, are marked with an asterisk (*).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vaytsekhovskaya, Elena (December 13, 2010). Елена Буянова: "Сотникова намного лучше, чем была я" [Elena Buianova: "Sotnikova is much better than I was"]. sport-express.ru (in Russian). Retrieved December 19, 2010.
  2. ^ "ISU Grand Prix 2011 - 12 Announcement". International Skating Union. July 2011. Archived from the original on November 27, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2011.

External links[edit]