Grand Rapids, Minnesota

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Grand Rapids
Motto(s): 
"It's In Minnesota's Nature"
Location of Grand Rapids in Itasca County and Minnesota
Location of Grand Rapids
in Itasca County and Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°14′14″N 93°31′49″W / 47.23722°N 93.53028°W / 47.23722; -93.53028Coordinates: 47°14′14″N 93°31′49″W / 47.23722°N 93.53028°W / 47.23722; -93.53028
CountryUnited States
StateMinnesota
CountyItasca
Foundedc. 1872
Incorporated (village)June 9, 1891
Government
 • TypeMayor – Council
 • MayorSteve Harvey [1]
Area
 • Total24.46 sq mi (63.36 km2)
 • Land22.57 sq mi (58.46 km2)
 • Water1.89 sq mi (4.90 km2)
Elevation1,289 ft (393 m)
Population
 • Total10,869
 • Estimate 
(2019)[5]
11,214
 • Density496.81/sq mi (191.82/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
55730, 55744, 55745
Area code(s)218
FIPS code27-25118
GNIS feature ID0656428[3]
Websitecityofgrandrapidsmn.com

Grand Rapids is a city in and the county seat of Itasca County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 10,869 at the 2010 census.[6][7] The city is named for the 3.5-mile (5.6 km) long local rapids in the Mississippi River, which was the uppermost limit of practical steamboat travel during the late 19th century. Today the rapids are hidden below the dam of the Blandin Paper Mill.

History[edit]

Grand Rapids was founded as a logging town, as the Mississippi River provided an optimal method of log shipment to population centers. The predecessor of the Blandin paper mill opened in 1902.[8]

The Forest History Center[9] is a State Historic Site and a living history museum that recreates life as it was in a turn of the 20th century logging camp. Costumed interpreters guide visitors through a recreated circa 1890s logging camp to educate the public on the history of white pine logging and its relevance to today's economy. Miles of nature trails, educational naturalist programming, and an interpretive museum are also located on the site.

Old Central School, located in downtown Grand Rapids, was built in 1895 in the Richardsonian Romanesque style of architecture. The three story building served as an elementary school from 1895 to 1972. A community effort restored the building in 1984 and it now serves as a location for commerce and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1991 Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline ruptured, spilling 1.7 million of gallons of oil into the area, including the Prairie River, in the largest inland oil spill in US history.[10][11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.44 square miles (63.30 km2), of which 22.56 square miles (58.43 km2) is land and 1.88 square miles (4.87 km2) is water.[12]

Grand Rapids is the county seat of Itasca County, a county that contains over 1000 lakes.

The city of Grand Rapids sits at the junction of U.S. Highways 2 and 169. U.S. Highway 2 runs west towards Bemidji and east towards Duluth. U.S. Highway 169 heads south to Hill City, and ultimately towards the city of Minneapolis. In the opposite direction, U.S. Highway 169 heads up the Mesabi Range until it reaches the city of Virginia, passing through Hibbing and several other smaller towns along the way. Grand Rapids is also the starting point of State Highway 38, running 47 miles (76 km) north along the Edge of the Wilderness Scenic Byway towards Effie. State Highway 38 has been designated a National Scenic Byway by the USDOT.

Major highways[edit]

The following routes are located within the city of Grand Rapids.

Climate[edit]

The city of Grand Rapids has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification Dfb) with warm summers and long, cold winters, typical of its location on the Mesabi Iron Range.

Climate data for Grand Rapids, Minnesota (1991–2020 normals, records 1915–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 51
(11)
61
(16)
80
(27)
93
(34)
101
(38)
100
(38)
104
(40)
100
(38)
99
(37)
89
(32)
74
(23)
59
(15)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 18.9
(−7.3)
25.7
(−3.5)
38.8
(3.8)
52.6
(11.4)
66.1
(18.9)
75.2
(24.0)
79.7
(26.5)
77.8
(25.4)
68.1
(20.1)
52.8
(11.6)
36.1
(2.3)
23.1
(−4.9)
51.2
(10.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 8.7
(−12.9)
13.9
(−10.1)
27.1
(−2.7)
40.3
(4.6)
53.2
(11.8)
62.9
(17.2)
67.6
(19.8)
65.5
(18.6)
56.4
(13.6)
43.1
(6.2)
28.1
(−2.2)
14.8
(−9.6)
40.1
(4.5)
Average low °F (°C) −1.5
(−18.6)
2.1
(−16.6)
15.4
(−9.2)
28.0
(−2.2)
40.2
(4.6)
50.5
(10.3)
55.4
(13.0)
53.2
(11.8)
44.7
(7.1)
33.3
(0.7)
20.1
(−6.6)
6.5
(−14.2)
29.0
(−1.7)
Record low °F (°C) −51
(−46)
−45
(−43)
−39
(−39)
−10
(−23)
11
(−12)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
27
(−3)
15
(−9)
−3
(−19)
−25
(−32)
−45
(−43)
−51
(−46)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.97
(25)
0.85
(22)
1.33
(34)
2.10
(53)
3.23
(82)
4.70
(119)
4.14
(105)
3.40
(86)
3.05
(77)
2.79
(71)
1.59
(40)
1.23
(31)
29.38
(746)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.2
(31)
9.7
(25)
7.5
(19)
5.6
(14)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.0
(5.1)
9.0
(23)
13.4
(34)
59.6
(151)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.9 8.8 8.4 9.8 12.7 13.5 12.2 10.4 11.4 11.3 10.6 11.7 131.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 11.5 8.7 6.3 3.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 7.3 11.8 51.4
Source: NOAA[13][14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19001,428
19102,23056.2%
19202,91430.7%
19303,20510.0%
19404,87552.1%
19506,01923.5%
19607,26520.7%
19707,247−0.2%
19807,9349.5%
19907,9760.5%
20007,764−2.7%
201010,86940.0%
2019 (est.)11,214[5]3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 10,869 people, 4,615 households, and 2,633 families living in the city. The population density was 481.8 inhabitants per square mile (186.0/km2). There were 4,910 housing units at an average density of 217.6 per square mile (84.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.6% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,615 households, of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.9% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 42 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,764 people, 3,446 households, and 1,943 families living in the city. The population density was 1,057.8 people per square mile (408.4/km2). There were 3,621 housing units at an average density of 493.3 per square mile (190.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.53% White, 0.28% African American, 1.93% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 3,446 households, out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,991, and the median income for a family was $39,468. Males had a median income of $36,035 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,223. About 9.2% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

Churches in Grand Rapids include the Grand Rapids Alliance Church, the Grand Rapids Evangelical Free Church, St. Luke's Evangelical Lutheran Church, member of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS);[16] St. Andrew's Lutheran Church and Zion Lutheran Churches, members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA);,[17][18] the United Methodist Church of Grand Rapids,[19] St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church,[20] River of Life Church; Apostolic; Pentecostal and Grace Bible Chapel;[21],; Religious Society of Friends - Quaker P.O. Box 174, Grand Rapids, MN 55744; Non-Denominational.

Government[edit]

Grand Rapids is represented at the federal and state level by:

  • U.S. House of Representatives 8th District – by Republican Pete Stauber
  • Minnesota Senate District 5 – by Republican Justin Eichorn
  • Minnesota House of Representatives District 5B – by Republican Sandy Layman

Economy[edit]

Historically, the local economy was based on timber harvesting, and to this day, Blandin Paper Mill, now owned by the Finnish-based UPM paper company, has its papermaking facilities in downtown Grand Rapids, while Ainsworth (formerly Potlach) located just outside the city limits, produced oriented strand board until it ceased operation in September 2006.

The Mesabi Range or Iron Range region of Minnesota begins with one iron mine to the southwest and a number to the northeast of the city. Although technically and geographically a member of the Iron Range, Grand Rapids and its economy has been historically based on paper manufacturing and other wood products. Its current economy also has a large tourist footing, with many local resorts, four golf courses, over one million acres (4,000 km2) of public and industrial forestlands that provide excellent regional hunting, and more than 1,000 lakes for fishing. It also is the service center for 46,000 people due to a large seasonal and weekend population of summer residences on surrounding lakes, and a number of smaller bedroom communities located near Grand Rapids.

Annual tourism events[edit]

  • Home & Cabin Show - March
  • White Oak Classic Dog Sled Race – March
  • Children's Fair - April
  • Bluegrass Music in the Pines Festival - June
  • Wizard of Oz Festival – June
  • Timberman Triathlon - July
  • Northern Mn Swap Meet & Car Show – July
  • Tall Timber Days – August
  • Grand Slam of Golf Tournament – August
  • Threshing & Antique Show - August
  • Bargains are Great on 38 - September
  • National Ruffed Grouse Society Annual Hunt – October
  • WinterGlo Festival - December

Education[edit]

Schools in ISD 318 include:

  • West Elementary
  • East Elementary
  • St. Joseph's Elementary
  • Cohasset Elementary
  • Robert J. Elkington Middle School
  • Grand Rapids High School
  • Bigfork School in Bigfork

Grand Rapids also has the following parochial and secondary schools:

Media[edit]

Local radio stations[edit]

The following radio stations are based in Grand Rapids. The city is also served by many other radio stations from the Iron Range area.

Newspapers[edit]

  • Grand Rapids Herald-Review – Published on Sundays and Wednesdays.

Television stations[edit]

Grand Rapids TV is primarily fed in from Duluth, MN television stations, but some cable subscribers also receive Bemidji, MN & Minneapolis, MN television stations as well. Local government and community events are covered by the local community television station. Television stations available in Grand Rapids are:

Notable people[edit]

Judy Garland's Birthplace

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City Council Mission Statement". Grand Rapids City Council. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Grand Rapids, Minnesota
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011.[dead link]
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  8. ^ "Grand Rapids Minnesota". Archived from the original on 2008-07-05.
  9. ^ "Forest History Center".
  10. ^ Siple, Julie; Wareham, Bill; Kraker, Dan; Nelson, Cody (20 June 2018). "Rivers of Oil, Episode 2: The largest inland spill". MPR News. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  11. ^ Laduke, Winona (3 March 2017). "Happy Anniversary: The largest inland oil spill in U.S. history happened in Minnesota". Grand Rapids Herald-Review. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  13. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  14. ^ "Station: Grand RPDS Forest Lab, MN". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  15. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  16. ^ "Saint Luke's Church Grand Rapids, MN".
  17. ^ "Saint Andrew's Lutheran Church Grand Rapids, MN".
  18. ^ "Zion Lutheran Church Grand Rapids, MN".
  19. ^ "United Methodist Church of Grand Rapids, MN".
  20. ^ "St. Joseph's Catholic Church Grand Rapids, MN".
  21. ^ "Grace Bible Chapel, Grand Rapids, MN".

External links[edit]