Grand Saline, Texas

Coordinates: 32°40′40″N 95°42′41″W / 32.67778°N 95.71139°W / 32.67778; -95.71139
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Grand Saline, Texas
Grand Saline Salt Palace
Grand Saline Salt Palace
Location of Grand Saline, Texas
Location of Grand Saline, Texas
Coordinates: 32°40′40″N 95°42′41″W / 32.67778°N 95.71139°W / 32.67778; -95.71139
CountryUnited States
CountyVan Zandt
 • Total2.12 sq mi (5.48 km2)
 • Land2.10 sq mi (5.43 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
400 ft (122 m)
 • Total3,107
 • Density1,500/sq mi (570/km2)
Race (2020)[2]
 • White71.5%
 • Hispanic23.7%
 • Black0.5%
 • Two or More Races3.5%
 • Native American0.3%
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code903 Phone prefix: 962|913
FIPS code48-30476[3]
GNIS feature ID1336803[4]

Grand Saline is a city in Van Zandt County, Texas, United States, located in East Texas. The population was 3,107 as of 2020, making Grand Saline the third-largest city in Van Zandt County. The city is located roughly 75 miles (120 km) east of Dallas and 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Tyler, the two nearest metropolitan areas, and is part of the greater Tyler/Longview area.

The town derives its name from the large salt deposits located southeast of the city, the majority of which are owned by Morton Salt.


Grand Saline's first settlers were the ancient Caddo and Cherokee Indian tribes, who discovered and made use of a large salt prairie south of the town. The Native Americans used evaporated salt, from the brine stream that flows over the flats, as a commodity they traded for other needed goods. In the mid-nineteenth century, the tribes moved southeast, having been forced out of the area by Mirabeau B. Lamar, second president of the Republic of Texas, and by general anti-Indian sentiment. Only a few years after the Indians left the salt prairie behind, a new group of settlers arrived. A settler named John Jordan and other newcomers brought their families and set up a primitive salt works. The community named Jordan's Saline quickly became the center of Van Zandt County and was, for a while, the county seat.

Downtown Grand Saline

The salt produced here was used in the process of tanning leather and preserving food stuffs. Following the American Civil War the Texas and Pacific Railroad was extended from Marshall to Dallas. A parcel of land was donated to the railroad; a depot was built and the stop was named Grand Saline. The City of Grand Saline was incorporated in 1895 and the community of Jordan's Saline faded into history as its residents moved north to the bustling new city.

Rexall Drug Store and Coffee Shop in downtown Grand Saline, Texas

There were formerly numerous salt companies in Grand Saline, including the Richardson Salt works, which had drilled the first salt well; the Lone Star Salt Company; Kleer Salt Works, the first steam-powered salt plant; and the Grand Saline Salt Company, which later became part of the Morton Salt Company. During the late 1920s, the discovery of the nearby Van oil field brought companies that provided needed supplies. In the 1930s Grand Saline had twelve petroleum supply companies and five lumber companies. In the Depression years, local sewing rooms made garments for the poor. During World War II, a workers' strike at Morton Salt led the town to form the Grand Saline Industrial Foundation to attract new business to town. Their efforts produced clothing manufacturers, sulfur processing and meat packing companies. Grand Saline was also known for its Lone Star Hotel, which was, for a brief time, the home of Hollywood starlet Louise Fazenda, the wife of Warner Brothers executive Hal Wallis. Agriculture, farming and ranching have long been a major part of the economic life in Grand Saline. Crops have included sweet potatoes and other truck crops. A cotton gin built south of town in 1890 marked the beginning of many years of cotton production. Poultry, livestock, dairy products, lumber and an ice house all played a role in the formation and history of the town.


Downtown Grand Saline

Grand Saline is located at 32°40′40″N 95°42′41″W / 32.67778°N 95.71139°W / 32.67778; -95.71139 (32.677662, –95.711521),[6] in the northeastern area of Van Zandt County, at the intersection of Texas State Highway 110 and U.S. Route 80 in western East Texas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) is land and 0.50% is water.


Grand Saline is located in the East Central Texas forests ecoregion. Grand Saline's rural scenery is a mix of rolling hills and open pastures. The area around it is home to numerous creeks, streams and areas of hardwood timber. The town is located in the Sabine River valley as the river flows just north of the city and then bends south to flow under U.S. Route 80, east of Grand Saline.


Intersection of Texas Highway 110, US Route 80, and Farm To Market Road 17 in Grand Saline

Grand Saline is served by the following roadways:

  • US 80: Signed as Garland Street in the city. Runs east toward the Longview/Marshall area and to the Louisiana state line, and west to the Dallas/Ft. Worth Metroplex .
  • SH 110: Grand Saline is located at the northern end of the highway. 110 is the main and preferred route from the Van/Grand Saline area into Tyler, Texas. (North of the intersection of 110 and US 80, the highway bears the name Chris Tomlin Boulevard, in honor of the Contemporary Christian musician, who is a Grand Saline native.)
  • FM 17: Runs south to Canton, Texas, and north to Lake Fork.
  • FM 857: Grand Saline serves as the northern end. Runs south into Smith County.

Grand Saline is also roughly 15 minutes north of Interstate 20.


Grand Saline High School

Grand Saline is served by the Grand Saline Independent School District. College students who reside in the Grand Saline ISD are served by Tyler Junior College, as Grand Saline ISD is in the TJC taxing and service district.


Historical population
2019 (est.)3,173[5]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
Grand Saline racial composition as of 2020[8]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 2,222 71.52%
Black or African American (NH) 16 0.51%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 10 0.32%
Asian (NH) 6 0.19%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.03%
Some Other Race (NH) 5 0.16%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 110 3.54%
Hispanic or Latino 737 23.72%
Total 3,107

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,107 people, 1,069 households, and 727 families residing in the city.


Grand Saline has two local newspapers, the Grand Saline Sun and the Van Zandt News, which are published weekly and cover local news, and also has daily newspapers delivered to residents such as The Dallas Morning News and the Tyler Morning Telegraph. Grand Saline residents can receive television channels and radio stations from the Dallas/Ft. Worth media market and the Tyler/Longview market.


Until 2019 Grand Saline operated Texas General Hospital-Van Zandt, a level 4 trauma emergency room hospital with 52 beds that opened in April 2015 in the same building as the former Cozby-Germany Hospital. The city also is home to three assisted-living centers, and provides EMS services and an ambulance station. The hospital has been permanently closed since August 2019.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "2020 Census Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  9. ^ [not specific enough to verify]
  10. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  11. ^ "Van Zandt Regional Medical Center closes its doors, reopening under discussion". KYTX. August 6, 2019. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  12. ^ Bever, Lindsey (July 16, 2014). "A Texas minister set himself on fire and died to 'inspire' justice" – via
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[9][10]

External links[edit]