Q59 (New York City bus)

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For additional information on the current bus service, see List of bus routes in Queens.
Q59
Grand Street Line
NYC Transit logo.svg
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A Q59 bus.
Overview
System MTA Regional Bus Operations
Operator New York City Transit Authority
Garage Grand Avenue Depot
Route
Locale Queens; Brooklyn
Start Williamsburg, Brooklyn – Williamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal
Via Grand Street and Grand Avenue[1]
End Rego Park, Queens – 63rd Drive & Queens Boulevard (Rego Center)
Length 6.47 miles (10.41 km) (streetcar line)[2]
Service
Operates 24 hours[1]
Daily ridership 2,226,212 (2014)[3]
Fare $2.75 (MetroCard or coins)
Cash Coins only (exact change required)
Transfers Yes
Timetable Q59
← Q58  {{{system_nav}}}  Q60 →

The Grand Street Line is a public transit line in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City, United States, running mostly along the continuous Grand Street and Grand Avenue between Williamsburg, Brooklyn and Maspeth, Queens. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the Q59 bus route, operated by the New York City Transit Authority between Williamsburg and Rego Park, Queens.

Route description[edit]

The Q59's western terminus is at the Williamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. From there, it goes west on Broadway, turning right on Kent Avenue to travel north to Grand Street. However, since Grand Street is not continuous across the Brooklyn–Queens Expressway (BQE), the eastbound Q59 uses Roebling Street, Metropolitan Avenue, and Union Avenue to travel around the BQE.[1][4] At Grand Street, the Q59 turns left, continuing until Gardner Avenue and Metropolitan Avenue (since eastbound Grand Street curves onto Metropolitan Avenue after crossing the Newtown Creek).[4][5] The eastbound Q59 turns right onto Grand Avenue after a short distance, continuing across the Grand Street Bridge and into Maspeth until another discontinuity forces the Q59 to turn right and then left at Flushing Avenue.[5] It remains on Grand Avenue until Queens Boulevard, when it turns right.[1][5] At Queens Boulevard, the Q59 turns right onto the eastbound service road. It continues along Queens Boulevard until Eliot Avenue, where it turns left along the Long Island Expressway. The Q59 turns right on Junction Boulevard and terminates at 62nd Road, near Rego Center and the 63rd Drive–Rego Park subway station in Rego Park.[1][5]

The westbound Q59 turns right off 62nd Road onto Queens Boulevard. At 92nd Street, it makes a right to serve Queens Center and Queens Place Mall. This is so the Q59 can make a turn from the service road into the main road that would otherwise be illegal; it must do this in order to access the left-turn lane at Grand Avenue, which can only be served from the main road.[1][5] The Q59 turns left at 56th Avenue and then right again into the Queens Boulevard main road, using the left-turn lane to turn left onto Grand Avenue.[1][5] The Q59 continues down Grand Avenue until it turns into Grand Street,[1][5] and goes straight down Grand Street until it reaches Union Avenue, where it turns right to go around the BQE.[1][4] The Q59 makes a sharp left turn at Meeker Avenue (beneath the BQE), a right at Metropolitan Avenue, a left at Roebling Street, and another right at Grand Street. It goes down Grand Street until Wythe Avenue, turning left there. At Broadway, the Q59 makes another left and continues until it enters the Williamsburg Bridge Plaza Bus Terminal.[1][4]


History[edit]

A Orion VII bus on the Q59 route crossing the Grand Street Bridge.

The Grand Street and Newtown Rail Road began building the line in September 1860,[6] and opened the first section, from the Grand Street Ferry on the Williamsburg waterfront to Bushwick Avenue, on October 15, 1860,[7] with a formal opening on October 30. In addition to the Grand Street Ferry, cars soon also served the Broadway Ferry via the track of the Brooklyn City Rail Road's Greenpoint Line on Kent Avenue.[8] By 1865, the line had been extended from Grand Street north along Bushwick Avenue, Humboldt Street, and Meeker Avenue to Penny Bridge.[9] The tracks in Bushwick Avenue were removed after trains started using Humboldt Street instead between Grand Street and Maspeth Avenue on July 19, 1870.[10]

The main line was extended east from Grand and Humboldt Streets over the new extension of Grand Street, opening to the city line (Newtown Creek) on June 9, 1875[11] and to Newtown on August 1, 1876.[12][13] The old line to Penny Bridge became the Meeker Avenue Line.

When the Maspeth Depot opened in 1885, the service was truncated to Maspeth; service from Maspeth to Elmhurst became a shuttle. (Later it became part of the Flushing–Ridgewood Line). The Brooklyn City Rail Road leased the Grand Street and Newtown on May 1, 1890.[14][15] Buses were substituted for streetcars on December 11, 1949. At some point, the bus route was extended from 72nd Street in Maspeth east to Elmhurst and southeast on Queens Boulevard to Rego Park.

In January 2008, 24/7 service was added to the Q59 route.[16] In September 2016, the eastern terminus of the route was relocated to 62nd Drive to avoid a hazardous U-turn at 63rd Road/63rd Drive, as well as provide a closer connection to Rego Center.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Q59 bus schedule MTA Regional Bus Operations.
  2. ^ "Public Notices". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 19, 1949. p. 29. Retrieved 26 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures". mta.info. 2011-08-28. Retrieved 2016-01-19. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved September 26, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Queens Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved September 26, 2016. 
  6. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Began at Last, September 4, 1860, page 3
  7. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Completion of the Grand Street Rail Road, October 16, 1860, page 3
  8. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, The Grand Street Railroad, October 31, 1860, page 3
  9. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Particulars About Our City Rail Roads, August 10, 1865, page 2
  10. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Change in the Grand Street Railroad Route, July 19, 1870, page 2
  11. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, June 9, 1875, page 4
  12. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, The Grand Street Railroad, August 1, 1876, page 4
  13. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Grand Street Railroad, August 2, 1876, page 4
  14. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Ratified the Lease, April 28, 1890, page 6
  15. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Takes Possession of the New Lines, May 1, 1890, page 6
  16. ^ Naanes, Marlene (September 24, 2007). "Expanded bus service on tap". AM New York. Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2016. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 

External links[edit]