Grand Terrace, California

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City of Grand Terrace
City
City of Grand Terrace images from top, left to right - Grand Terrace City Hall, Blue Mountain Trail, Northeast City Entrance, Historical Plaque, Veterans Wall of Freedom
City of Grand Terrace images from top, left to right - Grand Terrace City Hall, Blue Mountain Trail, Northeast City Entrance, Historical Plaque, Veterans Wall of Freedom
Official seal of City of Grand Terrace
Seal
Location of Grand Terrace in San Bernardino County, California.
Location of Grand Terrace in San Bernardino County, California.
City of Grand Terrace is located in the US
City of Grand Terrace
City of Grand Terrace
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°02′02″N 117°18′49″W / 34.03389°N 117.31361°W / 34.03389; -117.31361Coordinates: 34°02′02″N 117°18′49″W / 34.03389°N 117.31361°W / 34.03389; -117.31361[1]
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated November 30, 1978[2]
Government
 • Type Council-manager[3]
 • Mayor Darcy McNaboe[4]
 • City Manager G. Harold Duffey[3]
Area[5]
 • Total 3.50 sq mi (9.07 km2)
 • Land 3.50 sq mi (9.07 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation[1] 1,063 ft (324 m)
Population (2010)[6]
 • Total 12,040
 • Estimate (2016)[7] 12,509
 • Density 3,571.96/sq mi (1,379.02/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code 92313
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-30658
GNIS feature ID 1660692
Website www.grandterrace-ca.gov

Grand Terrace is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 12,040 at the 2010 census, up from 11,626 at the 2000 census. Grand Terrace is located between Highgrove and Colton, along the 215 and Aqua Mansa industrial corridors. The city is situated between two mountain ridges: Blue Mountain to the east and the La Loma Hills to the west.

History[edit]

Grand Terrace's roots go back to Mexican land grants dating from the period between 1830 and 1840. Mormon settlers came shortly after, arriving in the San Bernardino Valley, during the 1850s.[8] According to the Riverside Press, in 1876, there were nine buildings in the Terrace-Colton area. Originally, the area was simply referred to as "the Terrace", but the word "Grand" was added around 1898 due to the beautiful views which surround the city. In 1905, Seventh-day Adventists, whose medical university is now located in nearby Loma Linda,[9] settled in the area. Grand Terrace, at the time known as "South Colton", experienced continued growth and development during the Southern California suburbia and sunbelt periods in the late half of the 20th century.

The development of Grand Terrace, or East Riverside, as the Grand Terrace-Highgrove area was called, became a reality with the construction of the Gage Canal. This 22-1/2-mile canal, built at a cost of 2 million dollars, brought water from the Santa Ana River marshlands below The Terrace. With plenty of irrigation water, Grand Terrace rapidly became an agricultural community featuring fine, quality citrus. However, the severe "freeze" of 1913 destroyed many groves. Walnuts, a hardier tree, were planted as replacements along with peaches as a quick-profit crop.

The social activities in the early 1900s centered around the Farm Bureau Extension Service and the Women's Club, followed by the PTA, in the 1930s. Since there were no local churches, people traveled to surrounding communities for worship and other church activities.

In 1962, the Grand Terrace Chamber of Commerce was organized. From the very beginning the Chamber was interested in preserving the local identity of the area, and therefore, was a strong supporter of cityhood. This group did much of the groundwork, which led to the formation of a local governing body in 1976, which was called the Municipal Advisory Council or MAC. After nearly two years of meetings and negotiations with the County, the residents went to the polls to decide the issue of cityhood. The response was an 82% vote for incorporation. On November 30, 1978, the Charter City Council was installed at Terrace Hills Junior High and Grand Terrace officially became the 16th city in San Bernardino County.[10]

Grand Terrace was named one of the "Top 100 Cities to Live In" by Money magazine in 2007.[11]

Overview[edit]

This 3.6-square-mile (9.3 km2) community has an average elevation of 1,065 feet (325 m). Its motto, inscribed on the city flag, is "The Blue Mountain City" (its official slogan is "A city set upon a mountain cannot be hidden"), and refers to the Blue Lupine flower that used to grow on Blue Mountain in the spring.

According to the city's web site, the 2000 census revealed that Grand Terrace has the highest median income in the Inland Empire region at $61,068. According to an article in The Press-Enterprise dated May 31, 2002, "Its clean streets, quiet neighborhoods and no violent crime are big draws for its middle-income population."

Geography[edit]

Grand Terrace is located at 34°1′52″N 117°19′0″W / 34.03111°N 117.31667°W / 34.03111; -117.31667 (34.031019, -117.316683).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19705,901
19808,49844.0%
199010,94628.8%
200011,6266.2%
201012,0403.6%
Est. 201612,509[7]3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[14] reported that Grand Terrace had a population of 12,040. The population density was 3,438.0 per square mile (1,327.4/km²). The racial makeup of Grand Terrace was 7,912 (65.7%) White (46.4% Non-Hispanic White),[15] 673 (5.6%) African American, 120 (1.0%) Native American, 778 (6.5%) Asian, 32 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 1,898 (15.8%) from other races, and 627 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,708 persons (39.1%).

The census reported that 11,927 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 50 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 63 (0.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,403 households, of which 1,548 (35.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,214 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 (13.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 254 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 285 (6.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 26 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,026 households (23.3%) were made up of individuals and 395 (9.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 3,067 families (69.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.20.

2,781 people (23.1% of the population) were under the age of 18, 1,244 people (10.3%) aged 18 to 24, 3,320 people (27.6%) aged 25 to 44, 3,195 people (26.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,500 people (12.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

There were 4,649 housing units at an average density of 1,327.5 per square mile (512.6/km²), of which 2,790 (63.4%) were owner-occupied, and 1,613 (36.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.0%. 7,848 people (65.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,079 people (33.9%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Grand Terrace had a median household income of $64,073, with 6.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[15]

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census,[16] there were 11,626 people, 4,221 households and 3,051 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,352.3 per square mile (1,293.6/km²). There were 4,458 housing units at an average density of 1,285.4 per square mile (496.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.8% White, 4.6% African American, 0.7% Native American, 5.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.4% of the population.

There were 4,221 households of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.6.

26.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median household income was $53,649 and the median family income was $61,068. Males had a median income of $41,417 compared with $30,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,787. About 4.5% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Grand Terrace is in the 20th Senate District, represented by Democrat Connie Leyva, and in the 47th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Eloise Reyes.[17]

In the United States House of Representatives, Grand Terrace is in California's 31st congressional district, represented by Democrat Pete Aguilar.[18]

Currently the city council consists of Mayor Darcy McNaboe, Sylvia Robles, Douglas Wilson, William Hussey, and Kenneth Henderson.[4]

The City Manager is G. Harold Duffey.[3]

Rankings[edit]

Grand Terrace was named one of the "Top 100 Cities to Live In" by Money magazine in 2007.[11]

Public safety[edit]

The City of Grand Terrace contracts with the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. The San Bernardino County Fire Department has a fire station on City Center Court.

Education[edit]

The Colton Joint Unified School District serves the students of Grand Terrace with Grand Terrace Elementary School, Terrace View Elementary School, Terrace Hills Middle School, and Grand Terrace High School at the Ray Abril Jr. Educational Complex. The Roman Catholic Diocese of San Bernardino operates the Blessed Junipero Serra House of Formation in Grand Terrace.[19]

Clubs[edit]

  • Grand Terrace Lions Club[20]
  • Grand Terrace Toastmasters[21]
  • Foundation of Grand Terrace[22]
  • Friends of Blue Mountain
  • Grand Terrace Seniors Center
  • Grand Terrace Woman's Club[23]
  • Red Hat Society

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Grand Terrace". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "City Manager". Grand Terrace, CA. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "City Council". Grand Terrace, CA. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  5. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Grand Terrace (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Mormon Colony San Bernardino: Home". score.rims.k12.ca.us. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Loma Linda University". www.LLU.edu. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Grand Terrace, CA - Official Website - City History". Archive.org. March 26, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Grand Terrace, Calif. (92) - Money Magazine". Archive.org. March 30, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Grand Terrace city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0630658.html
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  18. ^ "California's 31st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  19. ^ Times, Los Angeles (July 22, 2009). "Working to fill a dire need for priests". latimes.com. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Grand Terrace Lions Club". Grand Terrace Lions Club. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Grand Terrace Toastmasters". 290.ToastmastersClubs.org. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Foundation of Grand Terrace Grand Terrace, CA Home". GrandTerraceFoundation.org. Retrieved December 30, 2017. 
  23. ^ http://www.cfwc21.com/GRAND_TERRACE_WC/Mem_Grand_Terrace_WC_01.html

External links[edit]