Grand Tower, Illinois
Grand Tower, Illinois, Front Street
|Area||1.25 sq mi (3 km2)|
|- land||1.25 sq mi (3 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||496.0/sq mi (192/km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Grand Tower, Illinois|
Grand Tower is located at (37.632599, -89.501944).
According to the 2010 census, Grand Tower has a total area of 1.253 square miles (3.25 km2), of which 1.25 square miles (3.24 km2) (or 99.76%) is land and 0.003 square miles (0.01 km2) (or 0.24%) is water.
Immediately to the south of the city is a small portion of Perry County, Missouri, which is known as "Grand Tower Island". The island's sole road connection terminates in Grand Tower. The Grand Tower Pipeline Bridge connects a natural gas pipeline across the Mississippi River between Wittenberg, Missouri and Grand Tower.
The earliest inhabitants were a band of river pirates, who settled here after, being driven off of Spanish soil, west of the Mississippi River, near the pirate ambush spot of Tower Rock. This outlaw settlement was destroyed by the United States Army dragoons in 1803. A subsequent settler was a man named Walker who is the namesake of Walker Hill. Severe flooding struck the town in 1947.
Shawnee Elementary School, North - Once a public school, now a private residence as of 2016.  A local post office with zip code 62942 provides mail service. Three churches, the First United Presbyterian Church, the Grand Tower United Methodist Church, and Light House Christian Assembly Church offer religious services. A work of levees protects the community from flooding when the Mississippi River water levels rise. The Devil's Backbone Park, named after a limestone ridge which created a natural bottleneck in the Mississippi River, provided easy opportunity for river pirates to attack keelboats and barges. This park provides RV camping, playgrounds, picnic facilities, and a shower house.
As of the census of 2000, there were 624 people, 268 households, and 169 families residing in the city. The population density was 496.0 people per square mile (191.2/km²). There were 309 housing units at an average density of 245.6 per square mile (94.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.24% White, 0.16% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.64% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.
There were 268 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,135, and the median income for a family was $40,000. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,525. About 11.3% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.4% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.
- The book written by Richard Peck A River Between Us was set in Grand Tower.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 141.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
- DeLorme. Illinois Atlas & Gazetteer. 6th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2010, 88. ISBN 978-0-89933-321-2.
- "Ameren Corporation Receives Approval from Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to Divest Its Merchant Generation Business". Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Visitors Guide to Grand Tower Jackson County, Illinois". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "Tower Rock: Sentinel of the Mississippi". 1994. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "Visitors Guide to the Mississippi River Museum". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "DROUGHT PUTS LEGENDARY ROCK WITHIN REACH". 1988-08-14. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "The Unluckiest Town in America". Time. 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Shawnee Elementary School - North". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "GRAND TOWER POST OFFICE". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "CHURCHES IN GRAND TOWER IL". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- Murray, Josh (2015-02-15). "Grand Tower: Living in the shadow of crumbling levees". The Southern.
- "Visitors Guide to the Devil's Backbone Park". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.