Grand Traverse County, Michigan

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Grand Traverse County, Michigan
Grand Traverse County Courthouse.jpg
Grand Traverse County Courthouse in Traverse City
Flag of Grand Traverse County, Michigan
Flag
Logo of Grand Traverse County, Michigan
Logo
Map of Michigan highlighting Grand Traverse County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851[1]
Named for Grand Traverse Bay
Seat Traverse City
Largest city Traverse City
Area
 • Total 601 sq mi (1,557 km2)
 • Land 464 sq mi (1,202 km2)
 • Water 137 sq mi (355 km2), 23%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 91,636
 • Density 187/sq mi (72/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.grand-traverse.mi.us

Grand Traverse County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 86,986.[2] The county seat is Traverse City.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, it is estimated that the population of Grand Traverse County in July 2015 was 91,636

Grand Traverse County is part of the Traverse City, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area, which also includes Benzie, Kalkaska, and Leelanau counties.

Interlochen, home of the Interlochen Center for the Arts is located in Green Lake Township.

Grand Traverse County was originally known as Omeena County.

History[edit]

In 1840 it was separated and originally named Omeena County. Grand Traverse County was organized by an act of the state legislature on April 7, 1851.[1] Grand Traverse is derived from a French phrase meaning "long crossing" and the county is so named because it is situated at the Grand Traverse Bay.[1][4] The first permanent settlement in the county was the mission now known as Old Mission.

Historical markers[edit]

There are twelve recognized Michigan historical markers in the county:[5] They are:

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 601 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 464 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 137 square miles (350 km2) (23%) is water.[7] Grand Traverse County is considered to be part of Northern Michigan. The Highest Point in Grand Traverse County is Incochee Hill.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Lakes[edit]

(not including Lake Michigan)

  • Alpers Lake
  • Arbutus Lake
  • Bartlett Lake
  • Bass Lake
  • Bellew Lake
  • Bellows Lake
  • Big Tuller Lake
  • Boardman Lake
  • Lac de Bois
  • Brewster Lake
  • Bridge Lake
  • Bullhead Lake
  • Bumphrey Lake
  • Cedar Hedge Lake
  • Cedar Lake
  • Chandler Lake
  • Christmas Tree Lake
  • Coffield Lake
  • Coon Lake
  • Cullier Lake
  • Denzer Lake
  • Dollar Lake
  • Lake DuBonnet
  • Duck Lake (Wahbekaness)
  • Dyer Lake
  • East Hooback Lake
  • Elk Lake
  • Ellis Lake
  • Lac des Étoiles
  • Fenton Lake
  • Fern Lake
  • Fife Lake
  • Fish Lake
  • Flintfire Lake
  • Fryzelka Lakes
  • Gray's Lane Pond
  • Green Lake (Wahbekanetta)
  • Hay Lake
  • Heniser Lakes
  • High Lake
  • Hunter Lake
  • Huellmantel Lake
  • Jardience Lake
  • Jersey Lake
  • Keisyr Lake
  • Knights Pond
  • Larch Lake
  • Little Tuller Lake
  • Long Lake
  • Lost Lake
  • Lac de Lune
  • Lynchmiller Lake
  • Lac des Lys
  • Mayfield Pond
  • Mirror Lake
  • Mud Lake
  • Muncie Lake
  • Noren Lake
  • Ogdensville Pond
  • Page Lake
  • Petobego Pond
  • Pickerel Lake
  • Potre Lake
  • Prescott Lake
  • Pyatt Lake
  • Question Lake
  • Rahe Lake
  • Rennie Lake
  • Return Lakes
  • Roots Lake
  • Rush Pond
  • Saunders Lake
  • Lake Scandinavia
  • Settler's Ranch Lake
  • Silver Lake
  • Skiver Lake
  • Smith Lake
  • Spider Lake
  • Lake Skegemog
  • Strombolis Lake
  • Stricker Lake
  • Lake Swainston
  • Tonawanda Lake
  • Truax Lake
  • Twin Lake
  • Urka Lake
  • Vandervoight Lake
  • Venijito Lake
  • Whelock Lake
  • Wistrand Lake

Creeks[edit]

  • 22 Creek
  • Acme Creek
  • Albright Creek
  • Angell Creek
  • Archie's Creek
  • Bancroft Creek
  • Beitner Creek
  • Brugler Creek
  • California Creek
  • Campbell Creek
  • Carpenter Creek
  • Carson Creek
  • Cedar Run
  • Coleys Creek
  • Dipley Creek
  • Desmond Creek
  • Dyer Creek
  • East Creek
  • Fife Outlet
  • Fourmile Creek
  • Gens Creek
  • Grasshopper Creek
  • Haager Creek
  • Harris Creek
  • Headquarters Creek
  • Holiday Creek
  • Hoosier Valley Creek
  • Jaxon Creek
  • Kids Creek
  • Kesner Creek
  • Kingsley Creek
  • Leffingwell Creek
  • Mitchell Creek
  • McCarrix Creek
  • Neal Creek
  • No Name Creek
  • Orchard Creek
  • Parker Creek
  • Prescott Creek
  • Pyatt Creek
  • Rennie Creek
  • Roentgen Creek
  • Rudhardt Creek
  • Sands Creek
  • Sucker Creek
  • Swainston Creek
  • Spider Creek
  • Sundowner Creek
  • Taylor Creek
  • Tobeco Creek
  • Treasure Creek
  • Vanderali (West) Creek
  • Vanderlip (East) Creek
  • Wight Creek
  • Williamsburg Creek
  • Woodland Creek
  • Yuba Creek

Rivers[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Grand Traverse County is served by Cherry Capital Airport, which is located near Traverse City. It serves the 21-county Northern Michigan area, and has destinations around the country. Below are the other airports in the county

All of these airports are unpaved, except for Cherry Capital.

Formerly, there was an airport on the south side of Traverse City called Ransom Field.[8] This was located on Rennie Hill. This airport closed sometime in the late 1900s.[clarification needed]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,286
1870 4,443 245.5%
1880 8,422 89.6%
1890 13,355 58.6%
1900 20,479 53.3%
1910 23,784 16.1%
1920 19,518 −17.9%
1930 20,011 2.5%
1940 23,390 16.9%
1950 28,598 22.3%
1960 33,490 17.1%
1970 39,175 17.0%
1980 54,899 40.1%
1990 64,273 17.1%
2000 77,654 20.8%
2010 86,986 12.0%
Est. 2016 92,084 [9] 5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 77,654 people, 30,396 households, and 20,730 families residing in the county. The population density was 167 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 34,842 housing units at an average density of 75 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.51% White, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.1% were of German, 11.3% English, 10.7% Irish, 8.4% American and 7.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.4% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 30,396 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,169, and the median income for a family was $51,211. Males had a median income of $34,796 versus $24,139 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,111. About 3.80% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.30% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

Grand Traverse County is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gaylord.[15]

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of November 2008)

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 52.7% 27,413 40.3% 20,965 6.9% 3,607
2012 55.1% 26,534 43.3% 20,875 1.6% 788
2008 50.6% 24,716 47.6% 23,258 1.8% 869
2004 59.4% 27,446 39.5% 18,256 1.1% 489
2000 58.5% 22,358 37.6% 14,371 3.9% 1,500
1996 49.1% 16,355 39.0% 12,987 12.0% 3,987
1992 39.6% 13,629 32.4% 11,148 28.1% 9,684
1988 62.5% 17,191 36.7% 10,098 0.9% 236
1984 70.8% 18,036 28.6% 7,271 0.6% 157
1980 58.6% 14,484 28.9% 7,150 12.4% 3,072
1976 63.9% 13,505 34.3% 7,263 1.8% 382
1972 64.8% 11,421 33.0% 5,810 2.2% 390
1968 61.5% 8,960 32.6% 4,741 6.0% 866
1964 45.3% 6,198 54.6% 7,475 0.2% 20
1960 63.7% 8,618 36.1% 4,886 0.3% 36
1956 73.5% 9,102 26.3% 3,256 0.2% 30
1952 77.1% 9,034 22.5% 2,639 0.3% 38
1948 68.3% 5,473 29.5% 2,365 2.2% 177
1944 67.0% 5,413 32.3% 2,607 0.7% 55
1940 64.3% 5,620 35.4% 3,095 0.3% 30
1936 46.1% 3,676 48.0% 3,827 6.0% 477
1932 45.7% 3,442 51.9% 3,907 2.4% 182
1928 74.6% 4,429 25.1% 1,489 0.4% 22
1924 74.9% 4,011 10.4% 558 14.7% 789
1920 74.0% 4,056 21.1% 1,158 4.8% 264
1916 45.8% 1,917 44.2% 1,848 10.0% 420
1912 23.3% 899 24.2% 937 52.5% 2,031
1908 65.9% 2,811 30.2% 1,289 3.9% 167
1904 81.4% 3,383 14.3% 594 4.3% 179
1900 68.4% 3,127 28.1% 1,286 3.5% 160
1896 57.2% 2,533 39.4% 1,745 3.4% 150
1892 54.7% 1,734 29.2% 924 16.2% 512
1888 63.1% 1,859 31.4% 925 5.5% 162
1884 64.6% 1,645 31.7% 808 3.7% 94

Grand Traverse County predominantly supports the Republican Party, particularly at the federal level.

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican candidate John McCain received 24,716 votes in the county (50.60% of the total) to Democrat Barack Obama's 23,258 (47.62%), even as Obama carried the state of Michigan by a double-digit margin.[17] McCain's margin of victory in the county was narrower than usual for a Republican candidate.

In 2004, Republican president George W. Bush received 27,446 votes in the county (59.42%) to Democrat John Kerry's 18,256 (39.52%).[18]

In 2000, Bush received 22,358 votes in the county (58.48%) to Democrat Al Gore's 14,371 (37.59%).[19]

Education[edit]

Grand Traverse County has many schools. TCAPS is by far the most used school district in the area, with it's headquarters in Traverse City. All of it's schools are located within the county, although some of the district itself extends into nearby Kalkaska County, Benzie County, and Leelanau County. Other districts in the county are Forest Area, GTA, Benzie, and Elk Rapids.There are also independent catholic schools in the county as well.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Charter townships in italics.

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Grand Traverse County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 141. 
  5. ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. 
  6. ^ "Old restaurant may take on new owners". Traverse City Record-Eagle. record-eagle.com. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Timeline". Traverse Area Historical Society. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2017-12-05. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ "The Diocese of Gaylord, Michigan : A Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church - Diocese of Gaylord". dioceseofgaylord.org. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - State Data". uselectionatlas.org. 
  18. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - State Data". uselectionatlas.org. 
  19. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - State Data". uselectionatlas.org. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°44′N 85°33′W / 44.73°N 85.55°W / 44.73; -85.55