Grand roundleaf bat

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Grand roundleaf bat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Hipposideridae
Genus: Hipposideros
Species:
H. grandis
Binomial name
Hipposideros grandis
Grand Roundleaf Bat area.png

The grand roundleaf bat (Hipposideros grandis), also known as the grand leaf-nosed bat, is a species of bat in the genus Hipposideros. It can be found in China, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Taxonomy[edit]

Per George Henry Hamilton Tate, it was described as a new taxon in 1936 by American zoologist Glover Morrill Allen.[2][3] Allen listed it as a subspecies of the intermediate roundleaf bat (Hipposideros larvatus).[4] The holotype had been collected in Chindwin, Myanmar.[2] It was frequently listed as a subspecies until 2006, when analyses of its echolocation and morphology demonstrated that the grand roundleaf bat is distinct enough to be considered a full species.[4]

Description[edit]

Males have a mean forearm length of 60.5 mm (2.38 in), while females have a mean forearm length of 61 mm (2.4 in). Males weigh 18.3 g (0.65 oz), while females weigh 17.6 g (0.62 oz). In India, the species has a peak echolocation frequency of 98 kHz, which helps distinguish it from other Hipposideros species.[4]

Range and habitat[edit]

This species is found in several countries in Asia, including China, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.[1] It is also found in India.[4]

Conservation[edit]

As of 2016, it is evaluated as a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this classification because it has a wide geographic range, it is relatively abundant in Vietnam, and it tolerates some human disturbance to its habitat.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bates, P.; Bumrungsri, S.; Francis, C. M.; Csorba, G. (2016). "Hipposideros grandis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T136478A21986047. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T136478A21986047.en. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b Tate, G. H. H. (1941). "A review of the genus Hipposideros with special reference to Indo-Australian species". Bulletin of the AMNH. 78: 384.
  3. ^ Allen, G. M. (1936). "Two new races of Indian bats". Records of the Indian Museum. 38: 343–346.
  4. ^ a b c d Thabah, Adora; Rossiter, Stephen J.; Kingston, Tigga; Zhang, Shuyi; Parsons, Stuart; Mya, Khin MYA; Akbar, Zubaid; Jones, Gareth (2006). "Genetic divergence and echolocation call frequency in cryptic species of Hipposideros larvatus s.l. (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from the Indo-Malayan region". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 88: 119–130. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00602.x.