Grange-over-Sands

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Grange-over-Sands
Church Hill, Grange over Sands - geograph.org.uk - 1835284.jpg
Church Hill
Grange-over-Sands is located in Cumbria
Grange-over-Sands
Grange-over-Sands
Grange-over-Sands shown within Cumbria
Population4,114 (2011)
OS grid referenceSD4077
Civil parish
  • Grange-over-Sands
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGRANGE-OVER-SANDS
Postcode districtLA11
Dialling code015395
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°11′24″N 2°54′54″W / 54.190°N 2.915°W / 54.190; -2.915Coordinates: 54°11′24″N 2°54′54″W / 54.190°N 2.915°W / 54.190; -2.915

Grange-over-Sands is a town and civil parish located on the north side of Morecambe Bay in Cumbria, England. Historically part of Lancashire, the town was created as an urban district in 1894. Since 1974, following local government re-organisation, the town has been administered as part of the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, though it remains part of the Duchy of Lancaster. It had a population of 4,114 at the 2011 Census.[1]

Grange Over Sands is 13.1 miles (21.1 km) to the south of Kendal, 25 miles (40 km) to the east of Barrow-in-Furness and 28.1 miles (45.2 km) to the west of Lancaster.

History[edit]

The town developed in the Victorian era from a small fishing village, and the arrival of the railway made it a popular seaside resort on the north side of Morecambe Bay, across the sands from Morecambe. The 'over-Sands' suffix was added in the late 19th or early 20th century by the local vicar, who was fed up with his post going to Grange in Borrowdale near Keswick.

In 1932 a lido was built on the seafront, which remained in use until 1993. In 2011 it was listed Grade II.[2] There is currently a campaign to restore and re-open it.[3]

The River Kent used to flow past the town's mile-long promenade but its course migrated south, away from Grange. The sands or mudflats with dangerous quicksands became a grass meadow now grazed by small flocks of sheep. Following sustained easterly winds in the early part of 2007, the river began to switch its course back across the bay.

Sanatorium[edit]

The clean, sea air and local spring water were believed to be of benefit to tuberculosis sufferers, and in 1891 one of the first sanatoriums in the country was established at Meathop.[4]

Education[edit]

There is one primary school, the Grange-over-Sands Church of England Primary School. There is no secondary school, so most pupils attend the nearby schools in either Cartmel or Milnthorpe.

Tourism[edit]

Looking across Morecambe Bay towards Grange-over-Sands
Limestone pavement on the flanks of Hampsfell

The town is a centre for tourists exploring the southern Lakeland fells, and is home to a number of hotels, B&Bs and holiday properties. Within the town itself, there is an ornamental duck pond and a traffic-free promenade.

Above the town is Hampsfield Fell (generally abbreviated to Hampsfell), crowned by 'Hampsfell Hospice', a sturdy limestone tower monument built in 1846 by the vicar of Cartmel.[5] This offers shelter in bad weather and extensive views in better conditions. On the roof, a large compass pointer and list of peaks identify the greater and lesser landmarks in the panorama. Inside, painted boards commemorate its construction, praise the view and welcome the visitor. Hampsfell is the subject of a chapter of Wainwright's book The Outlying Fells of Lakeland.[6] It reaches 727 feet (222 m). The summit of Hampsfell is surrounded by several flat, incised areas of limestone pavement.

Adjacent to Grange are Lindale, to the north-east, Cartmel to the north-west, with its priory to which the village was once the 'grange' or farm, and Allithwaite to the west. The country house Holker Hall, which was built on land which once belonged to the priory, is nearby. Until its move to Backbarrow in 2010, the stables at Holker Hall housed the Lakeland Motor Museum.

Transport[edit]

Grange-over-Sands railway station, which serves the town, was opened by the Ulverston and Lancaster Railway on 1 September 1857 and is now served by the Furness Line, giving connections to Ulverston and Barrow-in-Furness to the west, and Lancaster, Preston, Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Airport.

The main road access is the A590, which runs between the M6 and Barrow-in-Furness. Before the building of the railway, the main way of reaching Grange was the road across the Sands of Morecambe Bay from Hest Bank.[7]

Recent times[edit]

In 2003 a new public swimming pool, the "Berners Pool", was opened. The pool, which cost £3.5 million, was designed by architects Hodder Associates and won a RIBA Design Award in 2004.[8] However it suffered from high running costs and structural problems and was closed in 2006 when the Community Trust which ran it became insolvent.[9] It was subsequently demolished in 2013 and later replaced by affordable housing.[10]

A new pool and leisure centre was subsequently planned as part of the redevelopment of the Grange Lido site.[11] However this development was opposed as it would have involved filling in the Grade II listed lido.[12] As of September 2018, the future of the site was still being debated.[13]

A local free newspaper, Grange Now, which reports on local news, is published monthly and is delivered to over 5,000 homes on the Cartmel Peninsula. [14]

Location grid[edit]



See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  2. ^ Oliver Merrington's Potentially Re-Openable Lidos in the UK Archived 28 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 14 November 2009
  3. ^ "Save Grange Lido – Working to transform Grange Lido into an iconic community-owned leisure facility with a magnificent 50m swimming pool at its heart". Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  4. ^ Golakes - Grange-over-Sands History, retrieved 9 July 2010
  5. ^ "Hampsfell Hospice". Visit Cumbria. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  6. ^ Wainwright, A. (1974). "Hampsfell". The Outlying Fells of Lakeland. Kendal: Westmorland Gazette. pp. 58–65.
  7. ^ Article with references in old books www.grangeoversandshistory.weebly.com/road-across-the-sands.html
  8. ^ Guardian News and Media : "RIBA Award Winners 2004 : Berners Pool" Retrieved 18 September 2009
  9. ^ "Swimming pool firm forced to fold". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  10. ^ Smith, Anna. "Demolition day: Bye bye Berners Pool". Westmorland Gazette. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  11. ^ South Lakeland District Council : 12 November 2008 : Winning Developer Revealed for Grange Pool Site Retrieved 18 September 2009
  12. ^ Helen Carter (28 June 2011). "Campaign to save Grange-over-Sands lido". The Guardian. it's the last remaining lido in the Northern England after the demolition and infilling of similar structures at Blackpool, Scarborough and Morecambe
  13. ^ Pidd, Helen. "fate of Grange Lido hangs in balance". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Grange Now".

External links[edit]