Grange Road railway station

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Grange Road
Grange Road Railway Station 1.jpg
Location
Place Crawley Down
Area Mid Sussex, West Sussex
Grid reference TQ346375
Operations
Pre-grouping London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
Post-grouping Southern Railway
Southern Region of British Railways
Platforms 1
History
March 1860 Opened
2 January 1967 [1] Closed
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
Grange Road, c1910

Grange Road was a railway station on the Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line. The station opened in 1860 and was rebuilt on an enlarged scale in 1876, with a footbridge added in 1897. The station and railway closed in 1967, a casualty of the Beeching Axe.[1]

Objection[edit]

The original proposal to construct the railway line drew objections from one J.H. Wilson, the owner of "The Grange" house, who refused to allow a station on his estate and demanded that the line be deviated through a tunnel. The railway company was not prepared to go to such expense and it was agreed instead that the route of the line would be shifted north. Wilson still stubbornly refused to part with his land and required the matter to be taken to arbitration under the Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845. Before the arbitrator he demanded £5,500 compensation, but only received £1,400.[2] In deference to Mr Wilson, the station, which opened in March 1860, was named "Grange Road" and later "Grange Road for Crawley Down and Turners Hill".

Development[edit]

At first, only three trains a day called at the station but this changed from 2 April 1860 when all trains would stop there upon request. It ceased to be a request stop in 1865 and was rebuilt on an enlarged scale in 1876, with a footbridge added in 1897. The arrival of the railway provided the impetus for wealthy Victorian entrepreneurs to build large estates in what had previously been an entirely agricultural area. Seeing the development potential, farmers such as Arthur Royds, the owner of Down Park Farm, sold off their farmland. Royds' farm was sold to James Harrison, a barrister from Caterham, who had a mansion built on the site.[3] These large estates required domestic staff and became major employers in the area, drawing yet more migrants many of whom married and settled in the area.

Closure[edit]

Although the railway did attract a large influx of migrants to what became Crawley Down which developed further in the 1930s, the real expansion of the community came between the years 1971 to 1981 when the population more than doubled, notably with the construction of the Burleigh Wood housing estate. This was too late to save the railway line and Grange Road station which closed in 1967 under the programme put forward by East Grinstead resident and British Rail Chairman, Richard Beeching.[4] The station was closed irrespective of the fact that annual takings were over £5,000, and 80 people were using the station every day to commute up to London.[2]

The site today[edit]

The station buildings were swept away to be replaced by a small parade of shops with flats above them and a new medical centre.[5] The nearest station is now some distance away and, at a time where Crawley Down has been singled out for future residential expansion, the town finds itself relatively isolated from public transport. As noted by Mid Sussex District Council in February 2007, "whilst there is a reasonable bus service to East Grinstead from Crawley Down, the nearest railway station (in East Grinstead) is over five kilometres away. It is highly likely that residents will have to use private transport to access virtually all services, including even those provided within the village. This would bring about associated environmental problems."[6]

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Rowfant   British Rail
Southern Region

Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line
  East Grinstead High Level

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Grange Road railway station on Subterranea Britannica
  2. ^ a b Gould, David (1983). Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells. The Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-299-5. 
  3. ^ Crawley Down Village
  4. ^ Mid Sussex District Council
  5. ^ East Grinstead Courier, "Railways - a time of change", 4 July 2003
  6. ^ Mid Sussex District Council, "Alternative development sites at Crawley Down", February 2007

Coordinates: 51°07′14″N 0°04′39″W / 51.1206°N 0.0776°W / 51.1206; -0.0776