Granjeno, Texas

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Granjeno, Texas
Location of Granjeno, Texas
Location of Granjeno, Texas
Granjeno is located in Texas
Granjeno is located in the United States
Coordinates: 26°8′18″N 98°18′13″W / 26.13833°N 98.30361°W / 26.13833; -98.30361Coordinates: 26°8′18″N 98°18′13″W / 26.13833°N 98.30361°W / 26.13833; -98.30361
CountryUnited States
 • MayorYvette Cabrera
 • Total0.30 sq mi (0.79 km2)
 • Land0.30 sq mi (0.79 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
108 ft (33 m)
 • Total293
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,036.18/sq mi (400.67/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)956
FIPS code48-30608[4]
GNIS feature ID1336821[5]
Spiny hackberry or granjeno (Celtis pallida)

Granjeno is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 293 at the 2010 census.[2] The city sits on the banks of the Rio Grande, near the border with Mexico. Its name comes from the granjeno tree (Celtis pallida) or spiny hackberry.


Founded in the late 18th century, Granjeno has a history that predates Texas statehood.[6][7] Granjeno Cemetery was established in 1872 with burials from both sides of the Rio Grande. By the mid-1930s, the community consisted of several dwellings.[8] A school established in Granjeno by 1948. Our Lady of Fatima Church was established in 1954 on land donated by Jose Concepcion Anzaldua. During the 1960s, growth in the community was stimulated by the development of a colonia.[9] The population was estimated at 545 in 1976. Ten years later, that figure had decreased to 450. On January 26, 1993, Granjeno was incorporated as a city.[6] The population was just over 300 in 2000. Mayor (Yvette Cabrera) and two commissioners (Jennifer Alvarez and Mike Cisneros) [10]

Granjeno is adjacent to the Anzalduas County Park, which is known for its moss-covered trees. Construction on the nearby Anzalduas International Bridge began in mid-2007 and the bridge became operational in late 2009.[7]

El Granjeno Cemetery (Texas Historic Landmark) was established in 1872 with the burial of Don Antonio Garza. His brother, Don Juan Garza Escheverria, donated the surrounding land for use by the communities of El Granjeno and nearby Madero. A native of Reynosa, Mexico, Don Juan (born 1854) is buried there, along with many of his descendants. Specific instructions were spelled out in historic documents that the rear of the cemetery was to be reserved only for the burial of direct descendants of Don Juan Garza Escheverria. Also interred there are veterans of the Civil War, World War I and the Vietnam War.


Granjeno is located at 26°8′18″N 98°18′13″W / 26.13833°N 98.30361°W / 26.13833; -98.30361 (26.138316, –98.303484).[2] It is situated off the junction of FM 494 and Old Military Road in southern Hidalgo County, approximately four miles southwest of McAllen.[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)315[3]7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

Granjeno is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

2020 census[edit]

Granjeno racial composition[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 3 1.06%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 2 0.71%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.35%
Some Other Race (NH) 2 0.71%
Hispanic or Latino 275 97.17%
Total 283

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 283 people, 143 households, and 91 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[4] there were 313 people, 93 households and 77 families residing in the city. The population density was 896.2 per square mile (345.3/km2). There were 107 housing units at an average density of 306.4 per square mile (118.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.44% White, 0.32% Asian, 1.92% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 99.36% of the population.

There were 93 households, of which 46.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.37 and the average family size was 3.81.

33.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.

The median household income was $19,423 and the median family income was $19,904. Males had a median income of $16,705 and females $21,250. The per capita income was $9,022. About 40.4% of families and 51.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 71.7% of those under age 18 and 39.6% of those age 65 or over.


Public education in the city of Granjeno is provided by the Hidalgo Independent School District. It is zoned to Salinas Elementary School, Ida Diaz Jr. High School, and Hidalgo Early College High School.[15][16]

In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Granjeno, Texas". About Rio Grande Valley cities. Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2009-12-03. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  7. ^ a b "Recognizing Granjeno". The Monitor Newspaper, McAllen, TX. 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  8. ^ a b "Granjeno, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  9. ^ "Granjeno, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  10. ^ "New Granjeno leaders are all under 25". The Monitor Newspaper, McAllen, TX. 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  13. ^
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  15. ^ Hidalgo ISD School Map. Hidalgo Independent School District. Retrieved on March 12, 2017.
  16. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Granjeno city, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 12, 2017.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]