Screen shot of the title card
|Directed by||Dianne Jackson|
|Produced by||John Coates|
|Written by||John Burningham (book)|
|Starring||Peter Ustinov (as Granpa)|
Emily Osborne (as Emily)
|Music by||Howard Blake|
Wroughton Middle School Choir
|Distributed by||Channel 4 (broadcast)|
Universal Studios (VHS)
Granpa is a British family-oriented animated film that adapts a picture book by John Burningham. Produced by TVS for Channel 4 Television in 1989, it was released on VHS by Universal Studios in 1994.
An expensive film to produce, Granpa is hand-illustrated with coloured pencil, imitating Burningham's style in the book. It was directed by Dianne Jackson, who had previously adapted The Snowman by Raymond Briggs (1978), a wordless picture book, as an exceptionally successful family-oriented animated film (1982). Howard Blake, who wrote the music for The Snowman, wrote the music and the script for Granpa, which is referred to as an "animated children's opera". The voices of Granpa and Emily are by Peter Ustinov and Emily Osborne.
Granpa won the Prix Jeunesse International award for excellence in children's television programming in 1990.
The animated film is an adaptation of the children's picture book Granpa, written and illustrated by John Burningham and published by Jonathan Cape in 1984. Burningham won the Kurt Maschler Award, or "the Emil", from Maschler publishers and Booktrust, which annually recognised the author(s) of one "work of imagination for children, in which text and illustration are integrated so that each enhances and balances the other."
The film celebrates the relationship between a small girl named Emily (voiced by Emily Osborne), and her kindly but ailing grandfather (voiced by Peter Ustinov), along with a dog. Emily's playful innocence is contrasted with Granpa's increasing frailty. Aware that he will not be around for much longer, he shares his memories of adventures and days gone by.
These memories are vividly brought to life by her grandfather's tales, beginning with a description of Granpa's childhood and youth in the early part of the 20th Century. Other adventures include a chivalrous tale of Saint George and the Dragon imagined on a bedcover, a fishing trip which ends with a journey down the Thames pulled by a blue whale, a trip to the seaside which culminates in a re-enactment of the Battle of Britain and a Noah's Ark-influenced story, where Granpa's house is submerged and the pair have to accommodate exotic animals. The final jungle section, in which monkeys steal Granpa's storybook, is left intentionally incomplete.
As the seasons pass, Granpa grows frailer, and eventually Emily is left alone with an empty chair and the old man's loyal dog. She leaves the house with the dog and climbs a hill. As they travel, a group of children from her grandfather's stories join them.
In 1984, following the success of the animated Christmas film The Snowman, Channel 4 commissioned another animation from TVC studios; producer John Coates approached Dianne Jackson and composer Howard Blake, suggesting Burningham's picture book Granpa. Blake was initially reluctant due to the book's upsetting ending, but was convinced after witnessing his own daughter's reaction to her grandfather's death that year.
...initially Diane and I were not enthusiastic because at the end the grandfather's chair is suddenly empty- he has died. On December 31st that year it happened that my own father was dying in Brighton General Hospital, aged 88, and my daughter Catherine who was then six came with me to visit him. She had had a very similar relationship as that described in the book, since she adored my father who was for ever telling stories and rhymes and jokes which made her laugh. The doctor told us that very sadly he could not last out the week and my daughter said to me: 'Will he go to heaven?' I said: 'I very much hope so' and Catherine with the sublime innocence of youth said: 'Can I come and watch?' This made me laugh despite myself and to see how as children we are able to accept all of life in a way that we find so difficult as adults.
Fiona Collins noted in Turning the Page: Children's Literature in Performance and the Media that while Burningham's book is open ended, with Emily ultimately left alone to contemplate her grandfather's death, the film offers a less "stark" interpretation; his death is explored through her implied remembrance of him in the final scene. Collins suggests that this was probably because the original offered an unremittingly bleak ending that would be difficult for its intended child audience.
The musical score was written and composed by Howard Blake and is almost in the form of a miniature opera, with many of the tales within the animation sung by the lead characters, along with children from the Wroughton Middle School choir (winners of BBC Choir of the Year) and a forty-piece orchestra (the Sinfonia of London).
The film won the Prix Jeunesse International award for excellence in children's television programming in 1990. The film review site Rotten Tomatoes has called the film "a sensitive and life-affirming animated adaptation".
The film has rarely been repeated, and has never been released on DVD, perhaps due to its subject matter. The "Toonhound" review suggest that the film takes the tone of the ending of The Snowman even further, "exploring an aspect of life rarely approached in animated form." Paul Madden, writing Dianne Jackson's obituary in 1993 suggests that the film "was less of immediate popular appeal than The Snowman, but was perhaps more satisfying to her creatively, demanding a more subtle approach." Toonhound notes that "Just like that film there is a tangible sense of loss at the end; a loss which builds with repeated viewings. You know that Granpa won't be playing with Emily for much longer, and what's more, you're aware that he knows this too."
- Granpa, VHS, Universal Studios, released 12 September 1994. Retail product display. Amazon.com.
- "Howard Blake official site". Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- "Press release at Noble PR". Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- "Kurt Maschler Awards". Book Awards. bizland.com. Retrieved 2013-10-06.
- Collins, Fiona; Ridgman, Jeremy (2006). Turning the Page: Children's Literature in Performance and the Media. Peter Lang. pp. 157–158. ISBN 3-03910-255-9.
- "John Coates interview at savekidstv.org.uk". Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
- "Granpa". British Film Institute. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- ""Make Believe" at Early Sarah Brightman.com". Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- "Granpa". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- ""Make Believe" at Early Sarah Brightman.com". Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Granpa at Toonhound.com". Retrieved 2008-05-24.
- Madden, Paul (8 January 1993). "Obituary: Dianne Jackson". The Independent.
- Granpa on IMDb
- Granpa at AllMovie
- Granpa at the British Film Institute
- Granpa at Rotten Tomatoes
- Granpa at Toonhound.com
- Granpa at Fandando.com
- Howard Blake official site
- Samples of Granpa music scores by Howard Blake