Grant County, Kansas
|Grant County, Kansas|
Grant County courthouse in Ulysses
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 20, 1873|
|Named for||Ulysses S. Grant|
|• Total||575 sq mi (1,489 km2)|
|• Land||575 sq mi (1,489 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.06%|
|• Density||14/sq mi (5/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
In 1873, the part of Kansas west of Range 25 was divided into 25 new counties. The new counties were Decatur, Rawlins, Cheyenne, Sheridan, Thomas, Sherman, Lane, Buffalo, Foote, Meade, Scott, Sequoyah, Arapahoe, Seward, Wichita, Kearny, Greeley, Hamilton, Stanton, Kansas, Stevens, and Grant.
Grant County, Kansas was named after Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877), and incumbent president at the time of the county's formation. The initial survey establishing county boundaries was in the summer of 1874.
In 1883, Kearny, Sequoyah, Arapahoe, Kansas, Stevens, Meade, Clark and Grant counties disappeared. Hamilton, Ford, Seward, and Hodgeman counties enlarged and Finney County was created. Grant County was split with the western portion becoming a part of Hamilton County and the eastern portion becoming a part of the newly created Finney County.
On June 9, 1888, Grant County was again established as a Kansas county, with original county boundaries, with the first officers of the new Grant County being sworn in on June 18, 1888.
In October 1888, the county seat election for Grant County resulted in victory for Ulysses, Kansas, election results were:.
- Ulysses = 578
- Appomattox = 268
- Shockeyville = 41
- Golden = 31
- Spurgeon = 2
Early Day Settlements
- "Old" Ulysses, subsequently moved to New Ulysses in 1909
- Shockey (Shockeyville)
- Kearny County (north)
- Finney County (northeast)
- Haskell County (east)
- Stevens County (south)
- Stanton County (west)
- Hamilton County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 7,909 people, 2,742 households, and 2,097 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,027 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.00% White, 0.86% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.21% Black or African American, 19.46% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.67% of the population.
There were 2,742 households out of which 43.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the county, the population was spread out with 32.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,854, and the median income for a family was $44,914. Males had a median income of $34,464 versus $22,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,072. About 6.50% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.
Law and government
Grant County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.
Unified school districts
Grant County is divided into three townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Lincoln||40725||Ulysses||7,058||19 (49)||372 (144)||0 (0)||0.10%|
|Sherman||64975||498||1 (2)||559 (216)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Sullivan||68875||353||1 (2)||558 (215)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Ulysses 1885-1909 From Boom to Bust; compiled by The Historic Adobe Museum Staff of Ulysses, Kansas; 2009.
- Bessire, Fern (1982). Grant County, Kansas. Grant County History Commission.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grant County, Kansas.|
- Grant County Map, GrantCoKs.org
- Grant County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
||Hamilton County||Kearny County||Finney County|
|Stanton County||Haskell County|
|Morton County||Stevens County||Seward County|