Sir Granville Ryrie
KCMG, CB, VD
Granville Ryrie in 1919
|Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom|
|Prime Minister||Stanley Bruce (1927–29)
James Scullin (1929–32)
Joseph Lyons (1932)
|Preceded by||Sir Joseph Cook|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Bruce|
|Member of the Australian Parliament
16 December 1922 – 13 April 1927
|Preceded by||New seat|
|Succeeded by||Archdale Parkhill|
|Member of the Australian Parliament
for North Sydney
11 March 1911 – 16 December 1922
|Preceded by||George Edwards|
|Succeeded by||Billy Hughes|
1 July 1865|
Michelago, New South Wales
|Died||2 October 1937
Sydney, New South Wales
|Political party||Liberal (1911–16)
|Years of service||1898–1927|
|Commands||1st Cavalry Division (1921–27)
ANZAC Mounted Division (1918–19)
2nd Light Horse Brigade (1914–18)
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches (5)
Order of the Nile (Egypt)
Ryrie was born in Michelago, New South Wales on 1 July 1865, into a farming family. His father was Alexander Ryrie, a grazier and member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly (1880–91) and of the Legislative Council (1892–1909), and his mother was Charlotte, née Faunce, both born in New South Wales. Granville was educated at Mittagong and at The King's School, Sydney; he later became a jackaroo, and eventually managed his own property. He was also a good heavyweight boxer. In 1896 he married Mary McFarland, whom Ryrie nicknamed "Mick". Mary McFarland was the daughter of Sir Alfred McFarland (1824–1901), a judge in New South Wales.
Ryrie volunteered to serve in the Second Boer War, from 1899 to 1902. He was selected to serve in one of the Bushmen's Contingents, groups of light horsemen, because of his skills on horseback and in shooting. During the war he was promoted to the position of honorary Major.
Pre-war political career
In April 1906, Ryrie was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as member for Queanbeyan, where he served until 1910. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Australian House of Representatives at the 1910 election, but was elected to the Division of North Sydney at a by-election on 11 March 1911, following the death of Hon. George Edwards.
At the beginning of the First World War, Ryrie was promoted to Brigadier-General, and was given command of the 2nd Light Horse Brigade, part of the ANZAC Mounted Division. He was in the Suez canal area and then joined the Battle of Gallipoli on 19 May 1915, where he was wounded twice. He was later moved to Egypt and London for respite, but rejoined the Brigade for the Sinai and Palestine campaign. He was involved in the famous charge of the light horse in the Third Battle of Gaza, in which Australian forces captured the town of Beersheba. In December 1918 he was made commander of the ANZAC Mounted Division, and in April 1919 was put in charge of the Australian Imperial Force. He was promoted Major General in September.
After returning to Australia, Ryrie remained the Member for North Sydney. In 1920, he was made an Assistant Minister for Defence in the ministry of Billy Hughes, assisting Senator George Pearce. At the 1922 election he was elected to the newly created Division of Warringah, where he served until 1927, when he was appointed the Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom in London. He was also an Australian delegate to the League of Nations. In 1928 and 1929 Ryrie acted as the Australian accredited representative before the League's Permanent Mandates Commission for the annual examinations of the Australian administration of the Mandated Territory of New Guinea.
Ryrie returned to Australia in 1932, and died in Sydney on 2 October 1937, survived by his wife and children. He was buried at Michelago, New South Wales, after a state service at St Andrew's Anglican Cathedral.
Michelago Station is still in the Ryrie family and is run by David Ryrie, Granville's eldest grandson. David and his family still reside in the original homestead.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Granville Ryrie.|
- "Colonel Sir Granville de Laune Ryrie (1865–1937)". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
- "Major General Granville de Laune Ryrie". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 19 November 2005.
- Serle, Percival (1949). "Ryrie, Granville". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- A. J. Hill, 'Ryrie, Sir Granville de Laune (1865–1937)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, MUP, 1988, pp 502–504.
- Vincent, Phoebe, (1997), My Darling Mick: the Life and Times of Granville Ryrie, 1865–1937, Canberra: National Library of Australia.
|Parliament of New South Wales|
Alan Major Millard
|Member for Queanbeyan
|Parliament of Australia|
|Member for North Sydney
|New division||Member for Warringah
Sir Joseph Cook
|Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
The Viscount Bruce