Graphic organizer

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A graphic organizer, also known as knowledge map, concept map, story map, cognitive organizer, advance organizer, or concept diagram, is a communication tool that uses visual symbols to express knowledge, concepts, thoughts, or ideas, and the relationships between them.[1] The main purpose of a graphic organizer is to provide a visual aid to facilitate learning and instruction.[1]


Graphic organizers take many forms:

Ishikawa's Cause & Effect diagram (fishbone chart)

Enhancing students' skills[edit]

A review study concluded that using graphic organizers improves student performance in the following areas:[2]

Students remember information better and can better recall it when it is represented and learned both visually and verbally.[2]
Reading comprehension
The use of graphic organizers helps improving the reading comprehension of students.[2]
Student achievement
Students with and without learning disabilities improve achievement across content areas and grade levels.[2]
Thinking and learning skills; critical thinking
When students develop and use a graphic organizer their higher order thinking and critical thinking skills are enhanced.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Instructional Strategies Online - Graphic Organizers". 1999-01-01. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research, The Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education at AEL [1]

External links[edit]