Graphic organizer

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A graphic organizer, also known as a knowledge map, concept map, story map, cognitive organizer, advance organizer, or concept diagram is a pedagogical tool that uses visual symbols to express knowledge and concepts through relationships between them.[1] The main purpose of a graphic organizer is to provide a visual aid to facilitate learning and instruction.[1][dead link][2]

Types of organizers[edit]

Graphic organizers take many forms:

Ishikawa's cause and effect diagram (fishbone chart)

Enhancing students' skills[edit]

A review study concluded that using graphic organizers improves student performance in the following areas:[3]

Students remember information better and can better recall it when it is represented and learned both visually and verbally.[3]
Reading comprehension
The use of graphic organizers helps improving the reading comprehension of students.[3]
Student achievement
Students with and without learning disabilities improve achievement across content areas and grade levels.[3]
Thinking and learning skills; critical thinking
When students develop and use a graphic organizer their higher order thinking and critical thinking skills are enhanced.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "What is a Graphic Organizer". TPR Teaching. 2021-04-21. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  2. ^ Compare: "50 Uses of Graphic Organizers and Rubric". University of Wisconsin Stout: School of Education. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  3. ^ a b c d e Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research, The Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education at AEL [1]