Graphic organizer

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A graphic organizer, also known as a knowledge map, concept map, story map (or storymap), cognitive organizer, advance organizer, or concept diagram, is a communication tool that uses visual symbols to express knowledge, concepts, thoughts, or ideas, and the relationships between them.[1] The main purpose of a graphic organizer is to provide a visual aid to facilitate learning and instruction.[1][dead link][2]

Forms[edit]

Graphic organizers take many forms:

Ishikawa's Cause & Effect diagram (fishbone chart)

Enhancing students' skills[edit]

A review study concluded that using graphic organizers improves student performance in the following areas:[3]

Retention
Students remember information better and can better recall it when it is represented and learned both visually and verbally.[3]
Reading comprehension
The use of graphic organizers helps improving the reading comprehension of students.[3]
Student achievement
Students with and without learning disabilities improve achievement across content areas and grade levels.[3]
Thinking and learning skills; critical thinking
When students develop and use a graphic organizer their higher order thinking and critical thinking skills are enhanced.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Instructional Strategies Online - Graphic Organizers". Olc.spsd.sk.ca. 1999-01-01. Retrieved 2012-10-13. [dead link]
  2. ^ Compare: "50 Uses of Graphic Organizers and Rubric". University of Wisconsin Stout: School of Education. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 2016-08-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research, The Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education at AEL [1]

External links[edit]