Graphidaceae

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Graphidaceae
Graphis scripta-1.jpg
A herbarium specimen of Graphis scripta, member of the Graphidaceae family.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Subclass: Ostropomycetidae
Order: Ostropales
Family: Graphidaceae
Dumort. (1822)

The Graphidaceae are a family of fungi in the order Ostropales. The current circumscription of Graphidaceae includes all taxa in the formerly independent families Thelotremataceae, Gomphillaceae, and Asterothyriaceae.[1][2][3]

Distribution and Ecology[edit]

Graphidaceae is believed to be the most speciose family of lichenized fungi; over 2000 species are included in the current taxonomic concept of the family, and there are likely several hundred more that are undiscovered or undescribed.[4] The vast majority of these species are restricted to the tropics.[5]

Most Graphidaceae species are epiphytic (i.e. they grow only on plants). Species in several genera (Diploschistes, Gymnographopsis, and Rendonographa) are saxicolous (i.e. they grow on rock).[6]

Genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baloch, Elizabeth; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten; Wedin, Mats (2010). "Major clades and phylogenetic relationships between lichenized and non-lichenized lineages in Ostropales (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes)". Taxon. 59 (5): 1483–1494. 
  2. ^ Mangold, Armin; Martín, María P.; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2008). "Molecular Phylogeny Suggests Synonymy of Thelotremataceae within Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Ostropales)". Taxon. 2: 476–486. 
  3. ^ Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lücking, Robert; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2012). "A new classification for the family Graphidaceae (Ascomycota: Lecanoromycetes: Ostropales)". Fungal Diversity. 52: 107–121. doi:10.1007/s13225-011-0135-8. 
  4. ^ Lücking, Robert; Tehler, Anders; Bungartz, Frank; Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2013). "Journey From the West: Did Tropical Graphidaceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropalales) Evolve from a Saxicolous Ancestor Along the American Pacific Coast?". American Journal of Botany. 100 (5): 844–856. PMID 23594913. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200548. 
  5. ^ Lücking, Robert; Tehler, Anders; Bungartz, Frank; Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2013). "Journey From the West: Did Tropical Graphidaceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropalales) Evolve from a Saxicolous Ancestor Along the American Pacific Coast?". American Journal of Botany. 100 (5): 844–856. PMID 23594913. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200548. 
  6. ^ Lücking, Robert; Tehler, Anders; Bungartz, Frank; Rivas Plata, Eimy; Lumbsch, H. Thorsten (2013). "Journey From the West: Did Tropical Graphidaceae (Lichenized Ascomycota: Ostropalales) Evolve from a Saxicolous Ancestor Along the American Pacific Coast?". American Journal of Botany. 100 (5): 844–856. PMID 23594913. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200548. 

External links[edit]