Graphium antheus

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Large striped swordtail
Large striped swordtail butterfly (Graphium antheus).jpg
At Phinda Private Game Reserve, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
Not evaluated (IUCN 2.3)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Graphium
Species: G. antheus
Binomial name
Graphium antheus
(Cramer, [1779])[1]
Synonyms
  • Papilio antheus (Cramer, 1849)
  • Papilio nyassae Butler, 1877
  • Papilio lurlinus Butler, 1883
  • Papilio utuba Hampson, 1891
  • Papilio antharis Godart, 1819
  • Papilio antheus evombaroides Eimer, 1889
  • Papilio mercutius Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894
  • Papilio hollandi Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894
  • Papilio antheus ab. scheffleri Strand, 1909
  • Papilio antheuslatepictulus Strand, 1914
  • Papilio antheus ab. combinata Strand, 1914
  • Papilio antheus f. micrevombaroides Strand, 1914
  • Papilio antheus ab. misanus Strand, 1914
  • Papilio antheus ab. hoesemanni Strand, 1914
  • Papilio antheus ab. rubrimacula Strand, 1914
  • Papilio antheus ab. comma Strand, 1914
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) antheus antheus ab. mathieui Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) antheus antheus ab. paradoxa Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio antheus f. atrantheus Basquin & Turlin, 1986

Graphium antheus, the large or larger striped swordtail, is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae (swallowtails), found in tropical and sub-Saharan Africa.[2]

The wingspan is 65–70 mm in males and 70–75 mm in females. The flight period is year-round, peaking from November to December.[3]

The larva feed on Uvaria caffra, Artabotrys monteiroae, Annona reticulata, Annona senegalensis, Artabotrys brachypetalus, Cleistochlamys kirkii, Hexalobus monopetalus, Landolphia ugandensis, Monanthotaxis caffra, Monodora junodi, and Uvaria kirkii.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: File C – Papilionidae - Tribe Leptocercini
  2. ^ a b Graphium, funet.fi
  3. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  • Carcasson, R.H 1960 The Swallowtail Butterflies of East Africa (Lepidoptera,Papilionidae). Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society pdf Key to East Africa members of the species group, diagnostic and other notes and figures. (Permission to host granted by The East Africa Natural History Society
  • Lewis, H. L., 1974 Butterflies of the World ISBN 0-245-52097-X page 89, figure 3.