Graphium illyris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Graphium illyris
Graphium illyris MHNT dos.jpg
Top view
Graphium illyris MHNT ventre.jpg
Bottom view - MHNT
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Graphium
Species: G. illyris
Binomial name
Graphium illyris
(Hewitson, 1873)[1]
  • Papilio illyris Hewitson, 1873
  • Papilio illyris f. stictica Le Cerf, 1924
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) illyris ab. addenda Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio illyris flavisparsus Fruhstorfer, 1903
  • Papilio illyris hamatus Joicey & Talbot, 1918

Graphium illyris, the cream-banded swordtail, is a forest butterfly of the swallowtail family (Papilionidae). It is native to the Afrotropic ecozone.

Congo forest


Tropical and subtropical ecoregions.

Status and biology[edit]

It is an uncommon to rare species and is seasonal in West Africa (with adults on wing mainly in February and March). Males mud-puddle, and are attracted to rotten fish as well as perspiration on humans.[2]


  • G. i. illyris (Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, C.Ghana)
  • G. i. flavisparsus (Fruhstorfer, 1903) (Equatorial Guinea)
  • G. i. girardeaui (Guilbot & Plantrou, 1978) (Central African Republic)
  • G. i. hamatus (Joicey & Talbot, 1918) (Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Congo Republic, Tanzania)



  • Guilbot, R. and Plantrou, J. (1978). Note sur Graphium illyris (Hewitson) et revision systematique de I'espece. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de France 83: 68-73.
  • Smith, C.R. & Vane-Wright, R.I. 2001 A review of the Afrotropical species of the genus Graphium (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera: Papilionidae) Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Ent. Ser. 70 (2): 503-719