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Graphocentrism or scriptism is a typically unconscious interpretative bias in which writing is privileged over speech.[1][2]

Biases in favor of the written or printed word are closely associated with the ranking of sight above sound, the eye above the ear, which has been called 'ocularcentrism'.[3]It opposes phonocentrism, which is the bias in favor of speech.

See also[edit]

Harold A. Innis, Empire and Communications


  1. ^ Kittel, Harald; House, Juliane; Schultze, Brigitte (2007), Traduction: encyclopédie internationale de la recherche sur la traduction, Walter de Gruyter, p. 1111, ISBN 978-3-11-017145-7
  2. ^ Bijay Kumar Das (2005), Twentieth Century Literary Criticism, Atlantic Publishers & Dist, pp. 41–, ISBN 978-81-269-0457-0
  3. ^