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|Comune di Grassano|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Matera|
|• Mayor||Francesco Sanseverino|
|• Total||41.63 km2 (16.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||576 m (1,890 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint Innocent|
|Saint day||September 22|
Grassano is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is located between the Bradano and Basento rivers at an elevation ranging from about 150 to 576 metres (492 to 1,890 ft) above sea level. The town proper is 43 kilometres (27 mi) from Matera and 59 kilometres (37 mi) from the regional capital, Potenza.
Grassano was founded around 1000 AD. The first official document including the town's name is dated 1123 when it was known as "castellum quod vocatur Crassanum". In the 15th century, Grassano was officially a rural seat of the Tricarico's Diocese. Grassano's people later asked King Ladislaus of Naples for an independence act, and Grassano has remained an independent village since January 19, 1414.
Carlo Levi was arrested and exiled to Grassano because of his anti-fascist activities. In Grassano, Levi painted about 70 pictures and started discovering southern Italy's problems. After the Second World War, he wrote his most famous book, Christ Stopped at Eboli.[when?]
Since 2002, Grassano, with Aliano (the second place where Levi was exiled) is an active Literary Park.
- Bilancio demografico Istat
- Sam Roberts, "Census Records Shed a New Light on Some of the Mayor's Forebears", New York Times, June 2, 2014
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