|Course||alone or as accompaniment|
|Place of origin||France|
|Region or state||Dauphiné|
|Main ingredients||potatoes, milk and cream|
Gratin dauphinois is a French dish of sliced potatoes baked in milk or cream, from the Dauphiné region in south-eastern France. There are many variants of the name of the dish, including pommes de terre dauphinoise, potatoes à la dauphinoise and gratin de pommes à la dauphinoise.
The first mention of the dish is from 12 July 1788. It was served with ortolans at a dinner given by Charles-Henri, Duke of Clermont-Tonnerre and Lieutenant-general of the Dauphiné, for the municipal officials of the town of Gap, now in the département of Hautes-Alpes.
Gratin dauphinois is made with raw potatoes, thinly sliced, and milk or cream, cooked in a buttered dish rubbed with garlic. The potatoes are peeled and sliced to the thickness of a coin, usually with a mandoline; they are layered in a shallow earthenware dish and cooked in a slow oven; the heat is raised for the last 10 minutes of the cooking time.
The dish is often distinguished from gratin savoyard as not including cheese. Nonetheless, recipes given by many chefs including Auguste Escoffier, Austin de Croze, Robert Carrier, and Constance Spry call for cheese and eggs.
- Prosper Montagné (1977) New Larousse Gastronomique. London; New York; Sydney: Toronto: Hamlyn. ISBN 0 600 36545 X. p. 725.
- Claude Muller (2001) Les mystères du Dauphiné (in French). Clermont-Ferrand: Éditions de Borée. ISBN 978-2-84494-086-5. p. 242.
- Elizabeth David (1964 ) French Provincial Cooking. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 251–2.
- Elizabeth Luard (1986) European Peasant Cookery London: Corgi. p. 337.
- Robert Carrier (1963) Great Dishes of the World. London: Nelson. p. 725.
- Constance Spry; Rosemary Hume (1979 ) The Constance Spry Cookery Book. London: Pan Books. p. 207.
- Elvia Firuski; Maurice Firuski (eds.) (1952) The Best of Boulestin. London: William Heinemann. p. 249.
- (in French) The website of gratin dauphinois