Gratz, Kentucky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gratz, Kentucky
City
Location of Gratz in Owen County, Kentucky.
Location of Gratz in Owen County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 38°28′28″N 84°57′10″W / 38.47444°N 84.95278°W / 38.47444; -84.95278Coordinates: 38°28′28″N 84°57′10″W / 38.47444°N 84.95278°W / 38.47444; -84.95278
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Owen
Named for the grandson of Sen. John Brown
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 449 ft (137 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 78
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 77
 • Density 255.8/sq mi (98.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 40327
Area code(s) 502
FIPS code 21-32428
GNIS feature ID 0493173

Gratz is a home rule-class city in Owen County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 89 at the 2000 census. The population in 2010 was 78.

History[edit]

A local post office was established on November 21, 1844 as "Clay Lick" due to its position above the Clay Lick Creek and Joseph W Rowlett served as the first Postmaster up until July 20, 1850.

The post office was renamed "Gratz" in February 1851 after the town was named for Benjamin Gratz Brown, grandson of John Brown.

70 years after the post office first opened its doors, history was made for the tiny village, as Ida M Johnson became the first woman Postmaster for the Gratz branch, holding the position for 10 years from April 2, 1914 until April 2, 1924.

Another legacy for the branch would begin in 1927 and continue through 1990 with Martha B Suter serving as Gratz Postmaster for a record 33 consecutive years from May 24, 1927 (just 3 years after Ida Johnson) until September 30, 1960 whereafter Suter was succeeded by another woman, Charlsey Virginia Stamper Goodrich. Goodrich served as Gratz Postmaster for 23 years from September 30, 1960 up until her early retirement (due to illness) on April 2, 1983. It was then, another woman, Teresa A Webster, succeeded Goodrich as Gratz Postmaster from April 2, 1983 up until February 6, 1990 when service was unfortunately suspended after 146 years of operation. That made 63 consecutive years (1927-1990) the Gratz Postmaster position was led by a woman and for that era, it was certainly an achievement to be very proud for the Gratz community.

Accounting for the 10 years Ida M Johnson served as Postmaster, with just a 3-year gap between her and Martha B Suter, the Gratz post office was led by a woman 73 of its 146 years of operation. In addition, it is to be noted there was a 1-month period in which another woman served as the Acting Postmaster for Gratz during Ms. Suter's tenure, perhaps due to a short leave of absence for Suter and, that "acting" role was held by Roberta G Minish from December 21, 1927 until January 18, 1928 when Ms. Suter returned to her position as Postmaster.

In total, there were 5 women who served as Gratz Postmaster: Ida M Johnson, Martha B Suter (with Roberta G Minish as 'Acting' temporarily), Charlsey Stamper Goodrich and Teresa A Webster.

Upon its suspension of service in February 1990, all mail service was acquired by the Owenton city post office.

The present city was laid out in 1847 on land supposedly owned by the heirs of Sen. John Brown and was probably named for his grandson B. Gratz Brown, who later became a senator from and governor of Missouri and made a failed vice-presidential bid in 1872 with Horace Greeley of the Liberal Republicans.[2][3]

The town was incorporated in either 1861[3] or 1881.[4]

Before the lock and dam system was built on the Kentucky River, Gratz was one of the most prosperous towns in the area due to the business of portaging goods around an unnavigable part of the river (Lock #2 is just up river at Lockport). Goods were also ferried across the river and transported up KY 22 to Pleasureville, which had a railroad depot.

The town's streets are laid out in a grid pattern. There is a local bank, and many large, well-built houses. Before public electric service was available, a diesel powered generator fed street lights (and some homes?) from dusk until about 10pm. A former operator of this plant reported that he learned how much fuel to put into the engine so that it would run out at the desired time (saved him a trip down the hill).

It is home to the only bridge between Frankfort and Carrollton along the Kentucky River. The Gratz Bridge is a historic iron steel bridge built back in 1931. Work on a newer concrete bridge was set in 2009, with it being finished by late 2010. Demolition of the old bridge is set to follow after in 2011. The Gratz Bridge is on the National Register of historic landmarks. The Gratz Bridge was demolished in February 2011. A piece of the old bridge was used in a commemorative kiosk at the site of the old Gratz entrance to the bridge.

Geography[edit]

Gratz is located at 38°28′28″N 84°57′10″W / 38.47444°N 84.95278°W / 38.47444; -84.95278 (38.474448, -84.952653).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 128
1890 205 60.2%
1900 246 20.0%
1910 213 −13.4%
1920 229 7.5%
1930 139 −39.3%
1960 140
1970 105 −25.0%
1980 124 18.1%
1990 65 −47.6%
2000 89 36.9%
2010 78 −12.4%
Est. 2016 77 [1] −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 89 people, 35 households, and 24 families residing in the city. The population density was 255.8 people per square mile (98.2/km²). There were 43 housing units at an average density of 123.6 per square mile (47.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.38% White, 5.62% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.62% of the population.

There were 35 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 13.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 154.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $14,167, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $16,250 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,217. There were 12.5% of families and 28.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 40.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ Kentucky Atlas. "Gratz".
  3. ^ a b Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 122–123. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Gratz, Kentucky". Accessed 28 July 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.