Grave disability

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Grave disability or gravely disabled is a legal status used as a criterion in addition to danger to self or others [1] as the basis for involuntary commitment[2] in only 9 of 50 states of the United States.[3] It is not a criterion in Washington, D.C.

In California,[4] it is defined as "a condition in which a person, as a result of a mental health disorder," ...(or impairment by chronic alcoholism)..., "is unable to provide for his or her basic personal needs for food, clothing, or shelter."[5][6]

Some states such as Louisiana also include substance-related or addictive disorders and add medical care to needs.[7]

It may also be used in certain defined violent felony cases for mental incompetence.[5]