Graveley, Cambridgeshire

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Graveley
Graveley is located in Cambridgeshire
Graveley
Graveley
Graveley shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 223 [1]
(including Papworth St Agnes) 289 2011 census.[2]
OS grid reference TL2464
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town St Neots
Postcode district PE19
Dialling code 01480
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°15′52″N 0°10′38″W / 52.2645°N 0.1771°W / 52.2645; -0.1771Coordinates: 52°15′52″N 0°10′38″W / 52.2645°N 0.1771°W / 52.2645; -0.1771

Graveley is a village and civil parish in South Cambridgeshire, England.

History[edit]

The parish of Graveley covers an area of 1,582 acres (640 ha) at the western end of the historical county of Cambridgeshire. Until Huntingdonshire was merged into Cambridgeshire in 1965, its north, west, and south borders were with Huntingdonshire parishes. Its eastern border follows a small stream that separates it from Papworth St Agnes.[3]

In 1941 an area of 106 acres (43 ha) straddling the border with Offord Darcy was requisitioned by the government to form Graveley airfield and was used by bomber squadrons until the end of the Second World War. The part in Graveley included the end of the main runway and a number of buildings. The airfield closed in 1946 but reopened in the late 50s as a relief airstrip for Oakington barracks. The land returned to agricultural use in 1967.[3]

Listed as Greflea in the 10th century and Gravelei in the Domesday Book of 1086 the name is believed to mean "woodland clearing by the pit or trench".[4]

Church[edit]

The parish church has been dedicated to St Botolph since at least the 14th century. The present building consists of a long chancel and a four-bay nave with north aisle, and a three-stage west tower. The present building largely dates from the 13th century, but fragments of a Norman building survive. The current tower dates from the 15th century. The chancel was rebuilt in the mid-18th century. Further restoration was performed in 1874 and again in 1888.[3]

The church has been in the patronage of Jesus College, Cambridge, since 1558.[3]

Village life[edit]

Three Horseshoes

The village has one public house, the Three Horseshoes, that opened in the early 20th century. Previous to that The Chequers served between the 1760s until it burnt down in around 1900, after which The White Lion opened, closing in around 1920.[3]

From the 18th century, the village had a schoolmaster, and in 1872 a new schoolroom for 70 children was built. Numbers had fallen to 20 by 1900 and under 10 by the 1930s. Older children were moved to Croxton in 1948, and primary children followed when the school finally closed in 1961.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 UK census: Graveley - Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely. 9. 1989. pp. 320–322. 
  4. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). "A Dictionary of British Place-Names". 

External links[edit]

Media related to Graveley, Cambridgeshire at Wikimedia Commons