Gravesham (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Gravesham in Kent for the 2010 general election.
Location of Kent within England.
|Electorate||70,412 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Adam Holloway (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
From its first MP in 1983 (a Conservative) until its 1997-2005 MP (of Labour) the winning candidate was from the winning party nationally. Adam Holloway captured the seat for "the Tories" by being one of 36 Conservative candidates to gain a seat from other parties in 2005 and held the seat with an expanded majority in their much improved 2010 General Election showing in which the party gained 100 MPs and had a net gain of 97.
The boundaries of this constituency are due to change slightly under initial proposals published by the Boundary Commission to include 4,784 electors currently situated in the neighbouring constituency of Dartford. In these proposals the new name for the constituency will be Gravesend, reflecting the fact it extends beyond the local government district yet has at its heart one large town.
This particular name of the seat was created in 1983 effectively as the new name for the Gravesend seat.
- Previous bellwether status
The constituency and its predecessor together was considered a bellwether seat: from World War I until 2005 with the exceptions of the General Elections in 1929 Election and 1951, its winner came from the winning party.[n 3] Since the 2005 result conflicted with the UK outcome, the seat is regarded as having lost its bellwether status.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Gravesham|
|Labour||Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi||15,114||30.1||+1.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Anne-Marie Bunting||1,111||2.2||-11.1|
|General Election 2010: Gravesham|
|Labour Co-op||Kathryn Smith||13,644||28.8||−13.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Anna Arrowsmith||6,293||13.3||+2.6|
|English Democrats||Steve Uncles||1,005||2.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Gravesham|
|Liberal Democrat||Bruce Parmenter||4,851||10.7||+1.5|
|English Independence Party||Christopher Nickerson||654||1.4||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.3|
|General Election 2001: Gravesham|
|Liberal Democrat||Bruce Parmenter||4,031||9.2||+1.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Gravesham|
|Liberal Democrat||Merilyn Canet||4,128||7.75|
|Referendum Party||Patricia Curtis||1,441||2.71|
|Natural Law||David Palmer||129||0.24|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1992: Gravesham|
|Labour||Graham A. Green||23,829||40.4||+5.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Derek R. Deedman||5,269||8.9||−6.2|
|Independent Conservative||REB Khilkoff-Boulding||187||0.3||N/A|
|Independent Socialist||BJ Buxton||174||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Gravesham|
|Labour||Martin Andrew Coleman||20,099||34.83|
|Liberal||Robert Iain Crawford||8,724||15.12|
|General Election 1983: Gravesham|
|Social Democratic||M Horton||10,826||19.75|
|National Front||P Johnson||420||0.77|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Nonetheless, in the 1929 and 1951 elections, the seat elected into office the candidate from the party with the largest national share of the vote
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- BBC News (PDF) http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/13_09_11_south_east.pdf. Missing or empty
- Jones, Ian. "Is the bell about to toll for bellwether seats?". May 2015 Election. New Statesman. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.