The excavations at Gravisca, conducted by the University of Perugia.
|Periods||Orientalizing period - Roman empire|
The Etruscan settlement, occupied ca. sixth to third centuries B.C., had four principal occupational phases from ca. 600 to 250 B.C. It was superseded by the establishment of a colonia of Roman citizenship at the site in 181 BC. The port functioned as an emporion and there is ample evidence for merchants and perhaps Greek artisans based at the site. The cults of numerous Greek gods, including Aphrodite, Hera, Demeter, and Apollo, are attested
- Mario Torelli et al., “Gravisca,” NSc (1970)
- Denise Demetriou (22 November 2012). Negotiating Identity in the Ancient Mediterranean: The Archaic and Classical Greek Multiethnic Emporia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-107-01944-7.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-24. Retrieved 2008-05-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Gravisca. Scavi nel santuario greco
- Liv. 18.104.22.168 http://latin.packhum.org/loc/914/1/1526/45-53
- Benvenuto Frau (1981). Graviscae: il porto antico di Tarquinia e le sue fortificazioni. Gruppo Archeologico Romano.
- Mario Torelli "Il sanctuario di Hera a Gravisca” La Parola del Passato 136 (1971) 44-67.